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LC
Malachite Kingfisher Alcedo cristata

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2010 Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,400,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 0
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.4 - - -
Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be widespread and often common (del Hoyo et al. 2001).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola Native Extant      
Benin Native Extant      
Botswana Native Extant      
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
Congo Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant Yes    
Eritrea Native Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Ghana Native Extant      
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Rwanda Native Extant      
São Tomé e Príncipe Native Extant      
Senegal Native Extant      
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant Yes Yes  
Swaziland Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Togo Native Extant      
Uganda Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant Yes    
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
São Tomé e Príncipe Príncipe forests site factsheet
São Tomé e Príncipe São Tomé lowland forests site factsheet
São Tomé e Príncipe São Tomé northern savannas site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Excavations (open) suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations marginal resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens marginal resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas marginal resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry marginal resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland marginal resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes marginal resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes marginal resident
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline marginal resident
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc marginal resident
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches marginal resident
Marine Intertidal Tidepools marginal resident
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Alcedo cristata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
Species name author Pallas, 1764
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 14,400,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species