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LC
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,030,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,380,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11.3 - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). This species has undergone a large and statistically significant increase over the last 40 years in North America (344% increase over 40 years, equating to a 45.2% increase per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant      
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant      
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Australia Vagrant Extant      
Austria Vagrant Extant      
Bahamas Native Extant      
Barbados Native Extant      
Belize Native Extant      
Bermuda (to UK) Native Extant Yes    
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Brazil Native Extant      
Bulgaria Vagrant Extant      
Canada Native Extant      
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Chile Vagrant Extant      
Colombia Native Extant      
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes  
Cuba Native Extant      
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Dominica Native Extant      
Dominican Republic Native Extant      
Ecuador Native Extant      
El Salvador Native Extant      
Fiji Vagrant Extant   Yes  
France Vagrant Extant      
French Guiana Native Extant      
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Greece Vagrant Extant      
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Grenada Native Extant Yes    
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant      
Guatemala Native Extant      
Guyana Native Extant      
Haiti Native Extant      
Honduras Native Extant      
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Jamaica Native Extant      
Kiribati Vagrant Extant      
Marshall Islands Vagrant Extant      
Martinique (to France) Native Extant      
Mexico Native Extant      
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant      
Morocco Vagrant Extant      
Namibia Vagrant Extant      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant      
Nicaragua Native Extant      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant      
Panama Native Extant      
Peru Native Extant      
Pitcairn Islands (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant      
Samoa Vagrant Extant      
Senegal Vagrant Extant      
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Spain Vagrant Extant      
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant      
St Lucia Native Extant      
St Martin (to France) Native Extant      
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Vagrant Extant     Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant      
Suriname Native Extant      
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant Yes   Yes
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant      
USA Native Extant Yes    
Venezuela Native Extant      
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Anguilla (to UK) Cauls Pond site factsheet
Anguilla (to UK) Dog Island site factsheet
Anguilla (to UK) Prickly Pear (East and West) site factsheet
Anguilla (to UK) Scrub Island site factsheet
Antigua and Barbuda Christian Cove site factsheet
Antigua and Barbuda Codrington Lagoon and the Creek site factsheet
Antigua and Barbuda Fitches Creek Bay site factsheet
Antigua and Barbuda Hanson's Bay – Flashes site factsheet
Antigua and Barbuda McKinnons Salt Pond site factsheet
Antigua and Barbuda Offshore Islands site factsheet
Antigua and Barbuda Potworks Dam site factsheet
Antigua and Barbuda Valley Church Bay site factsheet
Aruba (to Netherlands) San Nicolas Bay Reef Islands site factsheet
Bahamas Booby Island site factsheet
Bahamas Cat Island Wetlands site factsheet
Bahamas Great Inagua site factsheet
Bahamas Grog Pond site factsheet
Bahamas Harrold and Wilson Ponds National Park site factsheet
Bahamas Long Island and Hog Cay site factsheet
Bahamas North Atlantic Abaco Cays site factsheet
Bahamas Red Bays site factsheet
Bahamas Salt Cay site factsheet
Bahamas South Beach Tidal Flats site factsheet
Bahamas Southern Great Lake site factsheet
Cuba Cayería Centro - Oriental de Villa Clara site factsheet
Cuba Cayo Sabinal, Ballenatos y Manglares de la Bahía de Nuevitas site factsheet
Cuba Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila site factsheet
Cuba Humedal Sur de Sancti Spiritus site factsheet
French Guiana Connétable site factsheet
French Guiana Plaine Kaw et Pointe Béhague site factsheet
Guyana Shell Beach site factsheet
Jamaica Black River Great Morass site factsheet
Jamaica Pedro Cays and Bank site factsheet
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Great Salt Pond, Sint Maarten site factsheet
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Pelikan Rock, Sint Maarten site factsheet
St Barthelemy (to France) Turtle Island site factsheet
St Kitts and Nevis Booby Island site factsheet
St Vincent and the Grenadines All Awash Island site factsheet
St Vincent and the Grenadines Battowia Island site factsheet
St Vincent and the Grenadines Petit Canouan site factsheet
Trinidad and Tobago Little Tobago Island site factsheet
Trinidad and Tobago West Coast Mudflats site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) East Caicos and adjacent areas site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Fish Ponds and Crossing Place Trail, Middle Caicos site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Grand Turk Salinas and Shores site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Salt Cay Creek and Salinas site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Turks Bank Seabird Cays site factsheet
Virgin Islands (to UK) Anegada: Western salt ponds and coastal areas site factsheet
Virgin Islands (to UK) Great Tobago site factsheet
Virgin Islands (to USA) Saba Island and Cays site factsheet
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Larus atricilla. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laridae (Gulls and terns)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,030,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species