email a friend
printable version
Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,710,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,970,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 3,300,000-6,700,000 breeding pairs, equating to 9,900,000-20,100,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 75-94% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 10,500,000-26,800,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, trends since 1982 have been stable, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant        
Algeria Native Extant        
Andorra Native Extant        
Austria Native Extant        
Azerbaijan Unknown Extant        
Belarus Native Extant        
Belgium Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant        
Czech Republic Native Extant        
Denmark Native Extant        
Egypt Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant        
Germany Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant        
Lebanon Vagrant Extant        
Libya Unknown Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Montenegro Native Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant        
Portugal Native Extant        
Russia (European) Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant        
Slovenia Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant        
Sweden Native Extant        
Switzerland Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Ukraine Native Extant        
United Kingdom Native Extant        

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Regulus ignicapilla. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Reguliidae (Goldcrests and kinglets)
Species name author (Temminck, 1820)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,710,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment