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Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,710,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,970,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 3,300,000-6,700,000 breeding pairs, equating to 9,900,000-20,100,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 75-94% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 10,500,000-26,800,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, trends since 1982 have been stable, based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Native Extant      
Andorra Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Unknown Extant      
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant      
Egypt Vagrant Extant      
France Native Extant      
Germany Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Vagrant Extant      
Libya Unknown Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant      
Morocco Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant      
Portugal Native Extant      
Russia (European) Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Kingdom Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Regulus ignicapilla. Downloaded from on 23/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Reguliidae (Goldcrests and kinglets)
Species name author (Temminck, 1820)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,710,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species