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Goldcrest Regulus regulus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 13,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 14,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 80000000-200000000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Population justification: The breeding population, which is confined to Europe, is estimated to number 10000-20000 breeding pairs, equating to 30000-60000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004).
Trend justification: In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant      
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Native Extant      
Andorra Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant      
France Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant      
Germany Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes  
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant   Yes  
Italy Native Extant      
Japan Native Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant      
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes  
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant      
Mongolia Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant      
Portugal Native Extant      
Romania Native Extant      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant      
Russia (European) Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Kingdom Native Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Pirin site factsheet
Bulgaria Rila site factsheet
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes site factsheet
Spain Arico pine woodland site factsheet
Spain El Canal y Los Tiles laurel forest site factsheet
Spain Garajonay National Park site factsheet
Spain La Palma laurel forest site factsheet
Spain Las Mercedes, Mina y Yedra, Aguirre, La Goleta, and Pedro Alvarez mountains site factsheet
Spain Mountain of Agua, gully of Los Cochinos and gully of Cuevas Negras site factsheet
Spain Vilaflor pine woodland site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal major breeding
Forest Boreal major non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Regulus regulus. Downloaded from on 13/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 13/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Reguliidae (Goldcrests and kinglets)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size 80000000-200000000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 13,200,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species