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Slender-billed Gull Larus genei

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 281 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,120,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 7,680,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.5 - - -
Trend justification: The overall trend is increasing, although some populations may be stable (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant   Yes    
Algeria Native Extant        
Antigua and Barbuda Vagrant Extant        
Austria Native Extant     Yes  
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Belarus Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes Yes
China (mainland) Unknown Extant     Yes  
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Unknown Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Djibouti Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant Yes      
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gambia Native Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant Yes      
Hong Kong (China) Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Japan Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Vagrant Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Libya Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malta Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Morocco Native Extant        
Nepal Vagrant Extant        
Nigeria Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Native Extant   Yes    
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant   Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant Yes      
Serbia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Slovenia Vagrant Extant        
Somalia Unknown Extant        
South Africa Vagrant Extant        
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant        
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Syria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Thailand Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant        
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada site factsheet
Azerbaijan Pirsagat Islands and Los Island site factsheet
Bahrain Tubli Bay site factsheet
Egypt Bitter Lakes site factsheet
Egypt El Malaha site factsheet
Egypt Lake Manzala site factsheet
Egypt Lake Qarun Protected Area site factsheet
Egypt Zaranik Protected Area site factsheet
France Camargue site factsheet
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme site factsheet
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine site factsheet
Gambia Bao Bolon Wetland Reserve site factsheet
Gambia Niumi National Park site factsheet
Gambia Tanbi wetland complex site factsheet
Gambia Tanji River (Karinti) Bird Reserve site factsheet
Greece Alyki Kitros lagoon site factsheet
Greece Sperchios valley and delta-Maliakos gulf site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kenya Tana River Delta site factsheet
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay site factsheet
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli site factsheet
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park site factsheet
Mauritania Cap Blanc site factsheet
Mauritania Chott Boul site factsheet
Mauritania Diawling National Park site factsheet
Oman Al Batinah coast site factsheet
Oman Barr al Hikman site factsheet
Oman Duqm site factsheet
Oman Khawr Ghawi site factsheet
Oman Masirah island site factsheet
Oman Ras al Hadd site factsheet
Romania Black Sea site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Lake Siutghiol site factsheet
Romania Limanu - Herghelia site factsheet
Russia (European) Beglitskaya sand-spit site factsheet
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don site factsheet
Russia (European) Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo site factsheet
Russia (European) Khanskoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans site factsheet
Russia (European) Kozinka lake and Baranikovski segment of Manych site factsheet
Russia (European) Taman' site factsheet
Russia (European) Utrish Reserve and adjacent coastal waters site factsheet
Russia (European) Yeiski salt-lakes site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay site factsheet
Senegal Delta du Saloum site factsheet
Senegal Djoudj wetlands site factsheet
Senegal Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons site factsheet
Senegal Joal-Fadiouth site factsheet
Senegal La Petite Côte site factsheet
Senegal Niayes (from Dakar to St Louis) site factsheet
Senegal Parc National de la Langue de Barbarie site factsheet
Spain Bahía de Almería site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain Plataforma Marina del Delta del Ebro - Columbretes site factsheet
Spain Tabarca - Cabo de Palos site factsheet
Tunisia Boughrara site factsheet
Tunisia Kneiss site factsheet
Tunisia Salines de Thyna site factsheet
Tunisia Soliman site factsheet
Turkey Bolluk Lake site factsheet
Turkey Tersakan Lake site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy site factsheet
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Syvash Bay site factsheet
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays site factsheet
Uzbekistan Kagan Fish Farm site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Storms & flooding Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Temperature extremes Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases / Avian Influenza Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Pollution Garbage & solid waste Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Pollution Industrial & military effluents / Oil spills Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Tourism & recreation areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Larus genei. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Species name author Brème, 1839
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,120,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change