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LC
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,130,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,780,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 0
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11.5 - - -
Trend justification: Although Wetlands International consider the current population trend to be unknown, it is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Vagrant Extant        
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Israel Vagrant Extant        
Kyrgyzstan Vagrant Extant        
Laos Native Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant        
Maldives Vagrant Extant        
Mongolia Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Pakistan Native Extant        
Russia (Asian) Unknown Extant        
Singapore Native Extant        
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant   Yes    
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
China (mainland) Ayark Kol and alpine grassland site factsheet
China (mainland) Changtang plateau site factsheet
China (mainland) Qinghai Hu (Koko Nor) site factsheet
India Krishnarajasagar Reservoir site factsheet
India Nalabana Bird Sanctuary (Chilika Lake) site factsheet
India Sulekere Lake site factsheet
Tajikistan Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Karakul lake and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes) site factsheet
Tajikistan Zorkul Nature Reserve (Lake Victoria) site factsheet
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Larus brunnicephalus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Species name author Jerdon, 1840
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,130,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species