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 Larus argentatus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Not Recognised
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant        
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Austria Native Extant   Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant        
Bahamas Native Extant        
Barbados Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Belize Native Extant   Yes    
Bermuda (to UK) Native Extant        
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Canada Native Extant     Yes Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Colombia Vagrant Extant        
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes    
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cuba Native Extant        
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Cyprus Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant   Yes    
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Djibouti Native Extant        
Dominica Native Extant        
Dominican Republic Native Extant        
Ecuador Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Vagrant Extant        
El Salvador Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant     Yes Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Native Extant Yes      
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant        
Guatemala Native Extant        
Haiti Native Extant        
Honduras Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
Iceland Native Extant       Yes
India Native Extant        
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Italy Native Extant   Yes    
Jamaica Vagrant Extant        
Japan Native Extant        
Kazakhstan Vagrant Extant        
Kenya Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malta Vagrant Extant       Yes
Martinique (to France) Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant        
Moldova Vagrant Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Vagrant Extant        
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant        
Morocco Vagrant Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
Nicaragua Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant        
Norway Native Extant     Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palau Unknown Extant        
Panama Native Extant        
Philippines Vagrant Extant        
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant        
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Serbia Vagrant Extant        
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Somalia Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant        
St Lucia Native Extant        
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Native Extant       Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Native Extant Yes      
Sweden Native Extant     Yes Yes
Switzerland Native Extant   Yes    
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant        
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant        
USA Native Extant Yes      
Venezuela Vagrant Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Canada Baie des Escoumins et Grandes-Bergeronnes site factsheet
Canada Banc de Carleton site factsheet
Canada Barrage de Beauharnois site factsheet
Canada Bonaventure Island site factsheet
Canada Cap Tourmente site factsheet
Canada Corbin Island site factsheet
Canada Corossol Island site factsheet
Canada Grand Manan Archipelago site factsheet
Canada Île aux Basques et Les Razades site factsheet
Canada Île aux Fraises site factsheet
Canada Île aux Pommes site factsheet
Canada Île Nue de Mingan site factsheet
Canada Îles Les Boules site factsheet
Canada Îles Pèlerins site factsheet
Canada Îles Sainte-Marie site factsheet
Canada La Grosse Boule Island site factsheet
Canada Marais de Saint-Fulgence site factsheet
Canada Montmagny site factsheet
Canada Niagara River Corridor site factsheet
Canada Pelee Island Archipelago site factsheet
Canada Pittock Reservoir site factsheet
Canada Quidi Vidi Lake site factsheet
Canada Quoddy Region site factsheet
Canada Sable Island, Nova Scotia site factsheet
Canada Saint-Augustin Migratory Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
Canada Shigawake-Newport site factsheet
Canada Tadoussac site factsheet
Canada Wildwood Gull Roost site factsheet
Canada Witless Bay Islands site factsheet
Denmark Northern Kattegat site factsheet
Denmark Skagerrak-Southwest Norwegian trench site factsheet
France Archipel de Molène site factsheet
France Archipel des Glénan site factsheet
France Cap Gris-nez site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Canche site factsheet
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise site factsheet
Mongolia Dashinchilen Bayan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Erkhel Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Oigon Lake site factsheet
Norway Kongsøy site factsheet
Norway Persfjorden site factsheet
Norway Varangerfjord (including Hornøya and Reinøya) site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Angara river source site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Iony island site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Ol'khon area site factsheet
Russia (European) Berezoviye islands of Vyborg Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Seskar island site factsheet
Sweden Bay of Lommabukten site factsheet
Sweden North-east Scania coastline and archipelago site factsheet
United Kingdom Firth of Forth Islands site factsheet
United Kingdom Isle of Man Sea Cliffs site factsheet
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay site factsheet
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes site factsheet
USA Gulf of Alaska Shelf Edge 143W60N site factsheet


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Larus argentatus. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Not Recognised
Family Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Species name author Pontoppidan, 1763
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change