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Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,620,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,680,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11.3 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 3,300,000-4,300,000 individuals.
Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Angola Native Extant       Yes
Antarctica Native Extant Yes      
Argentina Native Extant       Yes
Australia Native Extant Yes      
Barbados Native Extant       Yes
Bouvet Island (to Norway) Native Extant       Yes
Brazil Native Extant       Yes
Chile Native Extant Yes      
Ecuador Native Extant       Yes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Native Extant       Yes
French Southern Territories Native Extant       Yes
Gabon Native Extant       Yes
Heard Island and McDonald Islands (to Australia) Native Extant       Yes
Madagascar Native Extant       Yes
Mauritania Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Mexico Native Extant       Yes
Mozambique Native Extant       Yes
Namibia Native Extant Yes      
New Zealand Native Extant Yes      
Panama Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Peru Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant       Yes
Seychelles Vagrant Extant   Yes    
South Africa Native Extant Yes      
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands Native Extant       Yes
St Helena (to UK) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Trinidad and Tobago Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Uruguay Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Antarctica Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island site factsheet
Argentina Comodoro Rivadavia site factsheet
Argentina Complejo Islote Lobos site factsheet
Chile Isla Chañaral site factsheet
Chile Isla Grande de Atacama site factsheet
Chile Isla Magdalena National Park site factsheet
Chile Isla Pájaro Niño de Algarrobo site factsheet
Chile Islotes Pajaros site factsheet
Chile Monumento Natural Isla Contramaestre site factsheet
Chile Reserva Nacional Pingüino de Humboldt - Isla Choros, Damas y Punta de Choros site factsheet
Namibia 30-Kilometre Beach: Walvis - Swakopmund site factsheet
Namibia Cape Cross lagoon site factsheet
Namibia Lüderitz Bay islands site factsheet
Namibia Mile 4 saltworks site factsheet
Namibia Namib-Naukluft Park site factsheet
Namibia Possession Island site factsheet
Namibia Sandwich Harbour site factsheet
Namibia Sperrgebiet site factsheet
Namibia Walvis Bay site factsheet
South Africa Agulhas Plain - Heuningnes Estuary site factsheet
South Africa Algoa Bay Islands: Addo Elephant National Park site factsheet
South Africa Berg River Estuary site factsheet
South Africa Dassen Island site factsheet
South Africa Dyer Island Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Orange River Mouth Wetlands site factsheet
South Africa Prince Edward Islands Special Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Rietvlei Wetland: Table Bay Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Swartkops Estuary - Redhouse and Chatty Saltpans site factsheet
South Africa West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable resident
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major resident
Marine Neritic Pelagic suitable resident
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major resident
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Larus dominicanus. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Species name author Lichtenstein, 1823
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,620,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change