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LC
Mew Gull Larus canus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,200,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 14,200,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9.8 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.2,500,000-3,700,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine because of uncertainty over the extent of threats to the species across its wide range (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Vagrant Extant      
Albania Native Extant   Yes  
Algeria Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant      
Bhutan Vagrant Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant   Yes  
Canada Native Extant   Yes Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant   Yes  
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Egypt Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant     Yes
France Native Extant     Yes
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant   Yes  
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant   Yes  
Greece Native Extant   Yes  
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Vagrant Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iceland Native Extant      
India Vagrant Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant   Yes  
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant   Yes  
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant   Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant   Yes  
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Libya Vagrant Extant      
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes  
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Mauritania Vagrant Extant      
Mexico Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant     Yes
Mongolia Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant   Yes  
Morocco Vagrant Extant      
Myanmar Vagrant Extant      
Nepal Vagrant Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes   Yes
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Pakistan Vagrant Extant      
Palau Unknown Extant      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes  
Poland Native Extant     Yes
Portugal Native Extant   Yes  
Romania Native Extant   Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Senegal Vagrant Extant      
Serbia Native Extant   Yes  
Slovakia Native Extant     Yes
Slovenia Native Extant   Yes  
South Korea Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant   Yes  
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Vagrant Extant     Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Native Extant Yes    
Sweden Native Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant   Yes  
Taiwan (China) Unknown Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant   Yes  
Turkmenistan Native Extinct Yes    
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant      
USA Native Extant Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bulgaria Batova site factsheet
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Kaliakra site factsheet
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex site factsheet
Canada Barkley Sound site factsheet
Canada Baynes Sound site factsheet
Canada Cowichan estuary site factsheet
Canada Nares Lake site factsheet
Canada Porlier Pass site factsheet
Canada Shallow Bay, Big Slough and Swan Lake site factsheet
Canada Sidney Channel site factsheet
Denmark Coast from Aggersund to Bygholm Vejle site factsheet
Denmark Eastern German Bight site factsheet
Denmark Hjelm site factsheet
Denmark Nissum Fjord site factsheet
Denmark Roskilde Fjord, Selsø and Kattinge Søerne site factsheet
Denmark Skallingen and Langli site factsheet
Denmark Sydfynske Ø-hav site factsheet
Denmark Ulvedybet and Nibe Bredning site factsheet
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park site factsheet
Finland Kokkola and Kälviä archipelago site factsheet
Finland Kristiinankaupunki southern archipelago site factsheet
Finland Kukkiajärvi lake site factsheet
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago site factsheet
Finland Oulu region wetlands site factsheet
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands site factsheet
Finland Rahja archipelago site factsheet
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos site factsheet
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan site factsheet
Lithuania Kretuonas Landscape Reserve site factsheet
Netherlands Dunes of Schoorl site factsheet
Netherlands Schiermonnikoog site factsheet
Netherlands Texel: Dunes and Hors site factsheet
Netherlands Vlieland site factsheet
Netherlands Zwanenwater site factsheet
Norway Stjørdals Fjord site factsheet
Oman Al Batinah coast site factsheet
Romania Black Sea site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Angara river source site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Aniva bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Balagansk forest-steppe site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Khayryuzova bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Kunashir island site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Nevskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) North-east Sakhalin lagoons site factsheet
Russia (European) Berezovye islands of Vyborg Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Bylinskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Danilovskoye marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Dunilovskoye bog site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Kargopol' area site factsheet
Russia (European) Kuloy river site factsheet
Russia (European) Lake Lacha site factsheet
Russia (European) Marshes near villages Frolishchi and Chistoye site factsheet
Russia (European) Nothern part of Gor'koe reservoir with spurs site factsheet
Russia (European) Peat pits in Volodarski and Balakhninski districts site factsheet
Russia (European) Ptich'ya magistral' area site factsheet
Russia (European) Rybinsk reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Solovetski Archipelago and Zjizjginski island site factsheet
Russia (European) Varegovskoye bog site factsheet
Sweden Outer Stockholm archipelago site factsheet
Turkey Kozlu coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Bluemill site factsheet
United Kingdom Correen Hills site factsheet
United Kingdom Loch of Skene site factsheet
United Kingdom Tips of Corsemaul and Tom Mor site factsheet
USA Northern Montague Island site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic marginal resident
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 1400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Larus canus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laridae (Gulls and terns)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 14,200,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species