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LC
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 158,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,840,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11.5 - - -
Trend justification: Although Wetlands International consider the population to be increasing, the population is suspected to be in decline owing to unsustainable levels of exploitation (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
India Vagrant Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Israel Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Vagrant Extant        
Kenya Native Extant        
Lebanon Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Maldives Vagrant Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Oman Native Extant     Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant        
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Native Extant        
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant        
Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Tanzania Native Extant        
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
Yemen Native Extant     Yes Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hormoz island site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Pozam - Maytab coast site factsheet
Kenya Sabaki River Mouth site factsheet
Kenya Tana River Delta site factsheet
Oman Barr al Hikman site factsheet
Oman Daymaniyat Islands site factsheet
Oman Duqm site factsheet
Oman Halaaniyaat Islands site factsheet
Oman Jazirat Hino site factsheet
Oman Khawr ad Dahariz site factsheet
Oman Khawr Hassan site factsheet
Oman Khor Mughsayl site factsheet
Oman Masirah island site factsheet
Oman Ras al Hadd site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Al-Wajh Bank site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Umm al-Qamari site factsheet
Tanzania Dar es Salaam coast site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Qarnayn island site factsheet
Yemen Abdullah Gharib lagoons site factsheet
Yemen Islands north of Al-Hudaydah site factsheet
Yemen Islands off Bir Ali site factsheet
Yemen Jaza'ir al-Hanish site factsheet
Yemen Jaza'ir al-Zubayr site factsheet
Yemen Qalansiya lagoon, Socotra site factsheet
Yemen Qishn beach site factsheet
Yemen Ra's Fartak site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches major breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Energy production & mining Oil & gas drilling Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Industrial & military effluents / Oil spills Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Larus hemprichii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)
Species name author Bruch, 1853
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 158,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change