email a friend
printable version
Small Pratincole Glareola lactea

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,410,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,410,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -
Trend justification: Although Wetlands International consider the current population trend to be unknown, it is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant Yes    
Bhutan Native Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Laos Native Extant Yes    
Malaysia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Myanmar Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Singapore Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Vietnam Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Yemen Vagrant Extant   Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Cambodia Mekong River from Kratie to Lao PDR site factsheet
Cambodia Sesan River site factsheet
Laos Mekong River from Luang Prabang to Vientiane site factsheet
Laos Mekong River from Phou Xiang Thong to Siphandon site factsheet
Laos Siphandon site factsheet
Laos Upper Lao Mekong site factsheet
Myanmar Ayeyarwady River: Myitkyina to Sinbo Section site factsheet
Pakistan Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands site factsheet
Thailand Mekong Channel near Pakchom site factsheet
Thailand Nong Bong Kai site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Glareola lactea. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Glareolidae (Coursers and pratincoles)
Species name author Temminck, 1820
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,410,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species