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Madagascar Pratincole Glareola ocularis

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable C2a(ii) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2007 Vulnerable
2006 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type shelf island
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 545,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,400,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 3300-6700 medium Estimated 2002
Population trend Decreasing medium -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulation 3300-6700 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -
Population justification: The species's population has been estimated to number 5,000-10,000 individuals (T. Dodman in litt. 2002), roughly equivalent to 3,300-6,700 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The population is estimated to be either declining (Wetlands International 2002, Dodman 2008, Delany et al. 2009), or stable following a major decline (T. Dodman in litt. 2007). Declines are presumably linked to widespread loss and degradation of wetland habitats in Madagascar (Delany et al. 2009).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Comoros Native Extant     Yes
Ethiopia Vagrant Extant      
Kenya Native Extant   Yes  
Madagascar Native Extant Yes    
Mozambique Native Extant   Yes  
Somalia Native Extant   Yes  
Tanzania Native Extant   Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Kenya Sabaki River Mouth site factsheet
Madagascar North Pangalanes wetlands site factsheet
Madagascar Wetlands of the Tsiribihina delta and upper Tsiribihina river site factsheet
Tanzania Dar es Salaam coast site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable resident
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) major resident
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) major resident
Altitude 0 - 1500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Domestic & urban waste water / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Glareola ocularis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Glareolidae (Coursers and pratincoles)
Species name author Verreaux, 1833
Population size 3300-6700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 545,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions