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Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 84.9 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,350,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 9,210,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant Yes      
Angola Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Barbados Vagrant Extant        
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Benin Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant        
Botswana Native Extant        
Brazil Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Cape Verde Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Vagrant Extant        
Congo Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant     Yes  
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant Yes      
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant Yes      
Gabon Native Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Ghana Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant     Yes  
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malawi Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mauritius Vagrant Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant     Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Native Extant Yes      
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Rwanda Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Slovakia Vagrant Extant        
Slovenia Native Extant        
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant Yes Yes    
Spain Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Native Extant        
Syria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Togo Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant Yes      
Turkey Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant     Yes  
Zambia Native Extant Yes      
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Albania Karavasta Lagoon site factsheet
Algeria Marais de Mekhada site factsheet
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir) site factsheet
Azerbaijan Glynanyi island site factsheet
Azerbaijan Pirsagat Islands and Los Island site factsheet
Botswana Lake Ngami site factsheet
Botswana Okavango Delta site factsheet
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Tsalapitsa Rice-fields site factsheet
Cameroon Logone flood-plain site factsheet
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes site factsheet
Egypt Lake Burullus site factsheet
France Camargue site factsheet
Gambia Bao Bolon Wetland Reserve site factsheet
Gambia Dankunku wetlands site factsheet
Gambia Jakhaly rice-fields site factsheet
Gambia Samba Sotor to Kaur wetlands site factsheet
Greece Agios Mamas marsh site factsheet
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas site factsheet
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island site factsheet
Greece Epanomi lagoon site factsheet
Greece Evros delta site factsheet
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon site factsheet
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou) site factsheet
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary site factsheet
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary site factsheet
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley site factsheet
Israel Western Negev site factsheet
Italy Biviere and Plain of Gela site factsheet
Italy Cagliari wetlands site factsheet
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands site factsheet
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano site factsheet
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo site factsheet
Mali Séri site factsheet
Mauritania Gâat Mahmoûdé site factsheet
Montenegro Ulcinj saltpans site factsheet
Portugal Albufeira do Caia site factsheet
Portugal Castro Marim site factsheet
Portugal Castro Verde plains site factsheet
Portugal Évora plains site factsheet
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos site factsheet
Portugal Reguengos de Monsaraz site factsheet
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) site factsheet
Portugal Sado estuary site factsheet
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Ianca - Plopul - Sărat site factsheet
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) site factsheet
Romania Lake Bugeac site factsheet
Romania Lake Dunăreni site factsheet
Romania Lake Oltina site factsheet
Romania Lake Tataru site factsheet
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan) site factsheet
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don site factsheet
Russia (European) Kazachka site factsheet
Russia (European) Mouth of Yeya river site factsheet
Russia (European) Temirgoiskiye lakes site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Mahazat as-Sayd site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Makkah waste-water stream site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes site factsheet
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons site factsheet
Spain Almenara marshes site factsheet
Spain Cádiz bay site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain El Moro marshes site factsheet
Spain Guadalquivir marshes site factsheet
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon site factsheet
Spain La Janda site factsheet
Spain La Serena site factsheet
Spain Lácara-Morante site factsheet
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita site factsheet
Spain Prat de Cabanes-Torreblanca site factsheet
Spain Valdehornillos-Santa Amalia site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Kitangire site factsheet
Tanzania Tarangire National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Usangu flats site factsheet
Tunisia Garaet Mabtouh site factsheet
Tunisia Ichkeul site factsheet
Tunisia Lagune de Korba site factsheet
Turkey Bafa Lake site factsheet
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta site factsheet
Turkey Cizre and Silopi site factsheet
Turkey Ereğli Plain site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Hotamış Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
Turkey Kocaçay Delta site factsheet
Turkey Kulu Lake site factsheet
Turkey Meriç Delta site factsheet
Turkey Saros Bay site factsheet
Turkey Seyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Sultan Marsh site factsheet
Turkey Tuz Lake site factsheet
Ukraine Jansheijs'ke lake site factsheet
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Kryva peninsula site factsheet
Ukraine Molochna river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman site factsheet
Ukraine Sasyk lake site factsheet
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system site factsheet
Ukraine Syvash Bay site factsheet
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays site factsheet
Zambia Bangweulu Swamps site factsheet
Zambia Barotse Floodplains site factsheet
Zambia Kafue Flats site factsheet
Zambia Liuwa Plain National Park site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Glareola pratincola. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Glareolidae (Coursers, Pratincoles)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,350,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change
- 2015 European Red List assessment