email a friend
printable version
LC
Crab-plover  Dromas ardeola

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 348,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,370,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9.6 - - -
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
British Indian Ocean Territory Native Extant        
Comoros Native Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Israel Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Vagrant Extant        
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Madagascar Native Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant        
Maldives Native Extant        
Mauritius Native Extant        
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Oman Native Extant     Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant        
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Seychelles Native Extant        
Somalia Native Extant Yes      
South Africa Native Extant        
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Turkey Vagrant Extant        
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes Yes
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bushire Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nakhilu, Morghu and Ummal Karam islands site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Gaz and Rud-i-Hara deltas site factsheet
Iraq Khawr Abdallah site factsheet
Kenya Kiunga Marine National Reserve site factsheet
Kenya Mida Creek, Whale Island and the Malindi - Watamu coast site factsheet
Kuwait Ad-Doha Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kuwait Dawhat Kazima site factsheet
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay site factsheet
Madagascar Ambavanankarana wetlands site factsheet
Madagascar Mangoky - Ankazoabo Forest SAPM site factsheet
Oman Barr al Hikman site factsheet
Oman Masirah island site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Abu Ali site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Al-Wajh Bank site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Khawr Wahlan site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Qishran Bay site factsheet
Seychelles Aldabra atoll site factsheet
Seychelles Cosmoledo atoll site factsheet
Somalia Ceel Munye - Ceel Torre site factsheet
Somalia Jasiira Ceebaad and Jasiira Sacaada Diin site factsheet
Tanzania Dar es Salaam coast site factsheet
Tanzania Mafia Island site factsheet
Tanzania Mnazi Bay site factsheet
Tanzania Rufiji Delta site factsheet
Tanzania Tanga South site factsheet
Tanzania Zanzibar Island-East Coast site factsheet
Tanzania Zanzibar Island-South Coast site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Abu al Abyadh island site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Khor al Beideh site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Umm Amin site factsheet
Yemen Aden site factsheet
Yemen Al-'Urj site factsheet
Yemen Al-Mukha - Al-Khawkhah site factsheet
Yemen Islands north of Al-Hudaydah site factsheet
Yemen Midi - Al-Luhayyah site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches major breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Dromas ardeola. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Dromadidae (Crab-plover)
Species name author Paykull, 1805
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 348,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change