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White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 132 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,800,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 2,110,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 13000-87000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9 - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes
Algeria Vagrant Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Vagrant Extant      
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Bulgaria Vagrant Extant      
Chad Vagrant Extant      
Cyprus Vagrant Extant      
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Ethiopia Vagrant Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Vagrant Extant      
Germany Vagrant Extant      
Greece Vagrant Extant      
Hungary Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes
Iraq Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Vagrant Extant      
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes
Libya Vagrant Extant      
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Morocco Vagrant Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant      
Niger Vagrant Extant      
Nigeria Vagrant Extant      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes  
Poland Vagrant Extant      
Qatar Native Extant     Yes
Romania Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Vagrant Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Syria Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tunisia Vagrant Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant   Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iraq Baquba wetlands site factsheet
South Sudan Lake Abiad (South Sudan) site factsheet
Sudan Lake Abiad (Sudan) site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of surface water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Vanellus leucurus. Downloaded from on 14/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 14/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Charadriidae (Plovers)
Species name author (Lichtenstein, 1823)
Population size 13000-87000 mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,800,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species