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LC
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,170,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9 - - -
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing as ongoing habitat degradation is creating new areas of suitable habitat (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Angola Vagrant Extant        
Bahrain Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Benin Native Extant        
Bulgaria Vagrant Extant        
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Vagrant Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant Yes      
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant Yes      
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Gabon Vagrant Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Ghana Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant Yes      
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Hungary Vagrant Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Iraq Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Vagrant Extant        
Jordan Native Extant       Yes
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Liberia Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malawi Native Extant Yes      
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Montenegro Vagrant Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant        
Qatar Vagrant Extant        
Romania Vagrant Extant        
Rwanda Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Vagrant Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Slovakia Vagrant Extant        
Somalia Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant       Yes
Spain Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant        
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Tanzania Native Extant        
Togo Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Vagrant Extant        
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Yemen Native Extant       Yes
Zambia Vagrant Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Cyprus Famagusta Lakes site factsheet
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes site factsheet
Cyprus Mia Milia Sewage Treatment Plant site factsheet
Cyprus Oroklini Lake site factsheet
Cyprus Paralimni Lake site factsheet
Egypt Lake Manzala site factsheet
Egypt Lake Qarun Protected Area site factsheet
Egypt Wadi El Natrun site factsheet
Greece Evros delta site factsheet
Greece Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) site factsheet
Greece Nestou delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) site factsheet
Kenya Lake Turkana site factsheet
Turkey Acıgöl Lake site factsheet
Turkey Bafa Lake site factsheet
Turkey Burdur Lake site factsheet
Turkey Ceyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Ereğli Plain site factsheet
Turkey Eşmekaya Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Hotamış Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Karataş Lake site factsheet
Turkey Lesser Menderes Delta site factsheet
Turkey Marmara Lake site factsheet
Turkey Seyfe Lake site factsheet
Turkey Seyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Sultan Marsh site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Vanellus spinosus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Charadriidae (Plovers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 8,170,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change