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Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 6,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.5,200,000-10,000,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: < c.10,000 individuals on migration and > c.10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.50-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes    
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Algeria Native Extant        
Antigua and Barbuda Vagrant Extant        
Armenia Native Extant       Yes
Austria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahamas Vagrant Extant        
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes    
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Barbados Vagrant Extant        
Belarus Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant       Yes
Brunei Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Canada Vagrant Extant        
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant     Yes Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Dominica Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes  
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gambia Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant        
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Guadeloupe (to France) Vagrant Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
Iceland Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant   Yes    
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Vagrant Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes    
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malta Native Extant   Yes    
Martinique (to France) Vagrant Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant     Yes Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant       Yes
Montserrat (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
North Korea Native Extant        
Norway Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Oman Native Extant   Yes    
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Native Extant   Yes    
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Senegal Vagrant Extant        
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes Yes
South Korea Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant       Yes
St Kitts and Nevis Vagrant Extant        
St Lucia Vagrant Extant        
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
St Vincent and the Grenadines Vagrant Extant        
Sudan Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Vagrant Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes    
United Kingdom Native Extant     Yes Yes
USA Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant        
Yemen Vagrant Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen site factsheet
China (mainland) Barkol Lake and grassland site factsheet
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng site factsheet
China (mainland) Ebi Nur and Kuytun River site factsheet
China (mainland) Lower reaches of Tarim River site factsheet
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan site factsheet
China (mainland) Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai) site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bibishervan and Lake Eymar site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Judean foothills site factsheet
Israel Western Negev site factsheet
Israel Zevulun valley site factsheet
Mongolia Airag Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Airkhan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Buir Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Dashinchilen Bayan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Dayan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khoton-Khorgon Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Khukh Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Mongol Daguur site factsheet
Mongolia Ogii Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Tashgain Tavan Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Teshigiin Olon Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Tolbo Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Tsengeleg Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Ulziitiin Sangiin Dalai Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Uvsiin Khar Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers site factsheet
Norway Jæren site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Balaganskaya steppe site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Khadyn lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Lower Tumen river site factsheet
Russia (European) Suskanski Bay of Kuybyshev Resrvoir site factsheet
Slovenia Ljubljansko moor site factsheet
Slovenia River Drava site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2015) Species factsheet: Vanellus vanellus. Downloaded from on 07/10/2015. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2015) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 07/10/2015.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Charadriidae (Plovers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 6,700,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment