email a friend
printable version
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 6,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 9 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.5,200,000-10,000,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: < c.10,000 individuals on migration and > c.10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.50-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant   Yes  
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Native Extant      
Antigua and Barbuda Vagrant Extant      
Armenia Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant      
Bahamas Vagrant Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Barbados Vagrant Extant      
Belarus Native Extant Yes   Yes
Belgium Native Extant      
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Brunei Vagrant Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Canada Vagrant Extant      
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant      
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant     Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Dominica Vagrant Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant     Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes
France Native Extant     Yes
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant      
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Guadeloupe (to France) Vagrant Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iceland Native Extant Yes    
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant      
Iraq Native Extant   Yes  
Ireland Native Extant      
Israel Native Extant   Yes  
Italy Native Extant     Yes
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Vagrant Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Laos Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes    
Lithuania Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant   Yes  
Martinique (to France) Vagrant Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant     Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant      
Montserrat (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Morocco Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes   Yes
Oman Native Extant   Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes  
Poland Native Extant     Yes
Portugal Native Extant      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Vagrant Extant      
Qatar Native Extant   Yes  
Romania Native Extant     Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes  
Senegal Vagrant Extant      
Serbia Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant      
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes
South Korea Native Extant      
Spain Native Extant      
St Kitts and Nevis Vagrant Extant      
St Lucia Vagrant Extant      
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
St Vincent and the Grenadines Vagrant Extant      
Sudan Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Vagrant Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant     Yes
USA Vagrant Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant      
Yemen Vagrant Extant   Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen site factsheet
China (mainland) Barkol Lake and grassland site factsheet
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng site factsheet
China (mainland) Ebi Nur and Kuytun River site factsheet
China (mainland) Lower reaches of Tarim River site factsheet
China (mainland) Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan site factsheet
China (mainland) Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai) site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Fereidoonkenar marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bibishervan and Lake Eymar site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys site factsheet
Israel Judean foothills site factsheet
Israel Western Negev site factsheet
Israel Zevulun valley site factsheet
Mongolia Airag Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Airkhan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Buir Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Dashinchilen Bayan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Dayan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khar Us Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Khoton-Khorgon Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Khukh Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Mongol Daguur site factsheet
Mongolia Ogii Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Tashgain Tavan Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Teshigiin Olon Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Tolbo Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Tsengeleg Lakes site factsheet
Mongolia Ulziitiin Sangiin Dalai Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Uvsiin Khar Lake site factsheet
Mongolia Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Balagansk forest-steppe site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Khadyn lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Lower Tumen river site factsheet
Russia (European) Suskanski Bay of Kuybyshev Resrvoir site factsheet
Slovenia Ljubljansko moor site factsheet
Slovenia River Drava site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Vanellus vanellus. Downloaded from on 12/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 12/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Charadriidae (Plovers)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 6,700,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species