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Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,620,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,620,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.310,000-390,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.50-1,000 wintering individuals and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Taiwan; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population trend is difficult to determine because of uncertainty over the impacts of habitat modification on population sizes.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Australia Native Extant        
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes    
Bhutan Vagrant Extant        
Brunei Native Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Canada Vagrant Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant   Yes    
Christmas Island (to Australia) Native Extant        
Comoros Vagrant Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Fiji Native Extant   Yes Yes  
France Vagrant Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Iraq Native Extant     Yes  
Israel Vagrant Extant        
Japan Native Extant        
Kazakhstan Vagrant Extant        
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Madagascar Vagrant Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant   Yes    
Maldives Native Extant        
Marshall Islands Native Extant   Yes    
Mauritius Vagrant Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Vagrant Extant        
Nauru Unknown Extant   Yes    
Nepal Native Extant        
New Caledonia (to France) Native Extant        
New Zealand Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palau Native Extant   Yes    
Papua New Guinea Native Extant        
Philippines Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant        
Rwanda Vagrant Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Seychelles Native Extant        
Singapore Native Extant        
Solomon Islands Native Extant        
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Vagrant Extant        
Sri Lanka Native Extant   Yes    
Sudan Native Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Syria Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant   Yes    
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
USA Native Extant   Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant        
Vanuatu Vagrant Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zambia Vagrant Extant        
Zimbabwe Vagrant Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Australia Great Sandy Strait site factsheet
Australia Gulf Plains site factsheet
Bahrain Tubli Bay site factsheet
Bangladesh Patenga Beach site factsheet
China (mainland) Laizhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai) site factsheet
China (mainland) Yalu Jiang Estuary site factsheet
India Kaliveli Tank and Yeduyanthittu estuary site factsheet
India Mahul - Sewree Creek site factsheet
Indonesia Pesisir Pantai Jambi site factsheet
Indonesia Pesisir Riau Tenggara site factsheet
Kenya Mida Creek, Whale Island and the Malindi - Watamu coast site factsheet
Kenya Tana River Delta site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul site factsheet
Malaysia Bako-Buntal Bay site factsheet
Malaysia North-central Selangor coast site factsheet
Mozambique Bazaruto Archipelago site factsheet
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama site factsheet
Oman Al Batinah coast site factsheet
Oman Barr al Hikman site factsheet
Oman Duqm site factsheet
Oman Masirah island site factsheet
Oman Ras al Hadd site factsheet
Philippines Mactan, Kalawisan and Cansaga Bays site factsheet
Philippines Manila Bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Aniva bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Nevskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) North-east Sakhalin lagoons site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Ola lagoon site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tyk and Viakhtu bays site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay site factsheet
South Korea Dongjin estuary site factsheet
South Korea Mangyeong estuary site factsheet
South Korea Muan tidal flat site factsheet
South Korea Namyang Bay site factsheet
South Korea Tidal flat area of southern Ganghwa-do island site factsheet
South Korea Tidal flat area of Yeongjong-do island site factsheet
Sri Lanka Araly South-Punalai site factsheet
Sri Lanka Kayts Island-Mandathive site factsheet
Sri Lanka Seguwantive mudflats site factsheet
Tajikistan Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Karakul lake and mountains site factsheet
Tajikistan Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes) site factsheet
Tajikistan Zorkul Nature Reserve (Lake Victoria) site factsheet
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Abu al Abyadh island site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Khor al Beideh site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Khor Dubai site factsheet
Vietnam Nghia Hung site factsheet
Yemen Aden site factsheet
Yemen Midi - Al-Luhayyah site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable passage
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subarctic suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable passage
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species disturbance
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Charadrius mongolus. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Charadriidae (Plovers)
Species name author Pallas, 1776
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,620,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change