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Javan Plover Charadrius javanicus

Justification
This species has a narrow range in which development and recreation are putting pressure on critical breeding habitats. It is likely to have a moderately small population, and this is thought to be declining; it is consequently classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Charadrius javanicus is restricted to Java and the Kangean Islands, Indonesia (BirdLife International 2001). The taxonomic status of this species is extremely unclear and records attributable to it are therefore sparse; nevertheless, it was recently found to be common in southern Madura.Whilst it may prove widespread, its population is likely to be small and declining.

Trend justification
There are no data on population trends; however, the species is probably in decline owing to disturbance, particularly when nesting.

Ecology
It occurs on sandy beaches, mudflats and adjacent open areas around coasts.

Threats
It is thought to be declining due to human disturbance of coastal habitats within its limited and linear range, and is also threatened by coastal development projects.

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known. Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct surveys to estimate the size of the population and its specific habitat preferences. Oppose development schemes which destroy sites where the species is found.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Delany, S.; Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Charadrius javanicus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Charadriidae (Plovers)
Species name author Chasen, 1938
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 15,500 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species