email a friend
printable version
 Charadrius alexandrinus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Not Recognised
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 42.3 g

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Algeria Native Extant        
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant        
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Australia Vagrant Extant        
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahamas Native Extant        
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Barbados Native Extant        
Belgium Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Belize Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant        
British Indian Ocean Territory Native Extant        
Brunei Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Canada Native Extant Yes      
Cape Verde Native Extant        
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
Chile Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Colombia Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Vagrant Extant        
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes    
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cuba Native Extant        
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant        
Denmark Native Extant Yes      
Djibouti Native Extant        
Dominica Native Extant        
Dominican Republic Native Extant        
Ecuador Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant Yes      
El Salvador Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gabon Vagrant Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ghana Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant Yes      
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Guadeloupe (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Guatemala Native Extant        
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Haiti Native Extant        
Honduras Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Jamaica Native Extant        
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant     Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malaysia Native Extant        
Maldives Vagrant Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Martinique (to France) Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant       Yes
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant Yes      
Nicaragua Native Extant        
Niger Vagrant Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant     Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palau Native Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes Yes
Panama Native Extant        
Peru Native Extant        
Philippines Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant        
Qatar Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Singapore Native Extant        
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes   Yes
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant        
St Lucia Native Extant        
St Martin (to France) Native Extant        
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes      
Switzerland Native Extant        
Syria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant        
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Togo Native Extant        
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant     Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Uganda Vagrant Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant     Yes  
USA Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Venezuela Native Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant   Yes    
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant       Yes
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant       Yes
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant     Yes Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada site factsheet
Algeria Sebkhet Djendli site factsheet
Anguilla (to UK) Long Salt Pond site factsheet
Anguilla (to UK) West End Pond site factsheet
Austria Neusiedler See site factsheet
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen site factsheet
Bahrain Tubli Bay site factsheet
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Washington-Slagbaai National Park, Bonaire site factsheet
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex site factsheet
China (mainland) Bosten Lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Coastal wetlands of northern Chongming Dao island site factsheet
China (mainland) Shijiu Hu (Jiangsu) site factsheet
China (mainland) Shuangtai (Shuangtaizi) Estuary and Inner Gulf of Liaodong site factsheet
China (mainland) Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai) site factsheet
China (mainland) Wenzhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Yueqing Wan site factsheet
Costa Rica Cahuita, Gandoca-Manzanillo and Migratory Bird Corridor site factsheet
Costa Rica Caribbean lowlands and wetlands site factsheet
Costa Rica Pacuare, coastal wetlands and Migratory Bird Corridor site factsheet
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes site factsheet
Ecuador Humedales de Pacoa site factsheet
Ecuador Lagunas de Ecuasal-Salinas site factsheet
Egypt El Malaha site factsheet
Egypt Lake Bardawil site factsheet
Egypt Lake Manzala site factsheet
Egypt Wadi El Natrun site factsheet
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin site factsheet
France Camargue site factsheet
France Cap Gris-nez site factsheet
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie site factsheet
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme site factsheet
France Etangs Montpellierains site factsheet
France Etangs Narbonnais site factsheet
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban site factsheet
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine site factsheet
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers site factsheet
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou) site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas site factsheet
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofilia forest, and Lamia marshes site factsheet
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary site factsheet
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Ilha de Bolama - Rio Grande de Buba site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Rio Mansôa and Gêba estuary site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo site factsheet
Honduras Rio Platano site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság site factsheet
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Voshmigir dam site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Hammar site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Sa'adiyah site factsheet
Iraq Shuweicha Marsh site factsheet
Italy Cagliari wetlands site factsheet
Italy Cervia saltpans site factsheet
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands site factsheet
Italy Grado and Marano lagoon site factsheet
Italy Ortazzo and Ortazzino site factsheet
Italy Palmas Gulf wetlands site factsheet
Italy Pantani di Vendicari e di Capo Passero site factsheet
Italy Po Delta site factsheet
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini site factsheet
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands site factsheet
Italy Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans site factsheet
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano site factsheet
Italy Venice lagoon site factsheet
Japan Banzu and Futtsu tidal flat site factsheet
Japan Osaka Nanko site factsheet
Japan Sone tidal flat site factsheet
Jordan Azraq site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Libya Benghazi site factsheet
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli site factsheet
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park site factsheet
Mexico Bay Santa María site factsheet
Mexico Coastal hunedals of the North of the Peninsula of Yucatan site factsheet
Mongolia Airag Lake site factsheet
Morocco Baie d'Ad Dakhla site factsheet
Morocco Oued Tahadart site factsheet
Morocco Sahb al Majnoun site factsheet
Morocco Sebkha Bou Areg site factsheet
Morocco Zone Humide de Laayoune site factsheet
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama site factsheet
Netherlands Grevelingen site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Volkerak site factsheet
Netherlands Markiezaat site factsheet
Netherlands Oosterschelde site factsheet
Netherlands Westerschelde and Saeftinghe site factsheet
Oman Al Batinah coast site factsheet
Oman Barr al Hikman site factsheet
Oman Masirah island site factsheet
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Philippines Manila Bay site factsheet
Portugal Ria de Aveiro site factsheet
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste site factsheet
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău site factsheet
Romania Ciocăneşti - Dunăre site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) site factsheet
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) site factsheet
Romania Lake Bugeac site factsheet
Romania Lake Dunăreni site factsheet
Romania Lake Oltina site factsheet
Romania Lake Taşaul site factsheet
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans site factsheet
Russia (European) Lake El'ton site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay site factsheet
Senegal Delta du Saloum site factsheet
Senegal Ndiaël basin (including the 'Trois Marigots') site factsheet
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone River Estuary site factsheet
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans site factsheet
South Korea Asan Bay (including Asan-ho lake and Sapgyo-ho lake) site factsheet
South Korea Baeksu tidal flat site factsheet
South Korea Cheonsu Bay site factsheet
South Korea Dongjin estuary site factsheet
South Korea Geum-gang river and estuary site factsheet
South Korea Hampyeong Bay site factsheet
South Korea Mangyeong estuary site factsheet
South Korea Muan tidal flat site factsheet
South Korea Nakdong-gang estuary site factsheet
South Korea Namyang Bay site factsheet
South Korea Sihwa-ho lake site factsheet
South Korea Suncheon Bay site factsheet
South Korea Tidal flat area of southern Ganghwa-do island site factsheet
South Korea Tidal flat area of Yeongjong-do island site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes site factsheet
Spain Almenara marshes site factsheet
Spain Cádiz bay site factsheet
Spain Coast between Arinaga and Castillo del Romeral site factsheet
Spain Coast between Corralejo and Tostón site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain El Hondo wetland site factsheet
Spain El Moro marshes site factsheet
Spain Fuente de Piedra, Gosque and Campillos lakes site factsheet
Spain Guadalquivir marshes site factsheet
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon site factsheet
Spain Island of Lobos site factsheet
Spain Janubio saltpans site factsheet
Spain Llobregat delta site factsheet
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon site factsheet
Spain Mata and Torrevieja lagoons site factsheet
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons site factsheet
Spain River Piedras marshes and Rompido sandbank site factsheet
Spain Salobrar de Campos Lagoons-Sa Vall site factsheet
Spain Salt-pans of Ibiza and Formentera and Freus isles site factsheet
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans site factsheet
Spain Sotavento beach site factsheet
Spain Tarifa site factsheet
Spain Wetlands of western Almería site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Hsinchu City Coastal Area site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Yungan site factsheet
Tunisia Boughrara site factsheet
Tunisia Kneiss site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreïaa site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Turkey Acıgöl Lake site factsheet
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta site factsheet
Turkey Ceyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Erçek Lake site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Kocaçay Delta site factsheet
Turkey Seyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Sultan Marsh site factsheet
Turkey Tuz Lake site factsheet
Ukraine Elanchyk river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Kryva peninsula site factsheet
Ukraine Kuyal'nyts'kyj lyman site factsheet
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system site factsheet
Ukraine Syvash Bay site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Khor al Beideh site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Khor Dubai site factsheet
USA Gilbert Bay/South Arm UT05 site factsheet
USA Gunnison Bay/North Arm UT01 site factsheet
USA Salton Sea site factsheet
Vietnam Binh Dai site factsheet
Virgin Islands (to UK) Anegada: Western salt ponds and coastal areas site factsheet
Yemen Al-Fazzah site factsheet


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Charadrius alexandrinus. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Not Recognised
Family Charadriidae (Plovers)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change