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Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,730,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,110,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.190,000-250,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). The population trend is decreasing in North America (based on BBS/CBC data: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Vagrant Extant        
Algeria Vagrant Extant        
American Samoa Native Extant        
Australia Native Extant        
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Barbados Vagrant Extant        
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Brunei Native Extant        
Burundi Vagrant Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Canada Native Extant        
Chile Vagrant Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Christmas Island (to Australia) Native Extant        
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) Native Extant        
Comoros Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Vagrant Extant        
Cook Islands Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant        
Cyprus Vagrant Extant        
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Ecuador Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Vagrant Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Ethiopia Vagrant Extant        
Fiji Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Vagrant Extant        
French Polynesia Native Extant        
Gabon Native Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Greece Vagrant Extant        
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes    
Iraq Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Vagrant Extant        
Italy Vagrant Extant        
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Vagrant Extant        
Kazakhstan Native Extant        
Kenya Native Extant        
Kiribati Native Extant        
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant     Yes  
Laos Native Extant        
Lebanon Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Madagascar Vagrant Extant        
Malawi Vagrant Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant        
Maldives Native Extant        
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Marshall Islands Native Extant   Yes    
Mauritius Native Extant        
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Mongolia Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Vagrant Extant        
Nauru Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
New Caledonia (to France) Native Extant        
New Zealand Native Extant        
Niue (to New Zealand) Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palau Native Extant   Yes    
Papua New Guinea Native Extant        
Philippines Native Extant   Yes    
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant        
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Samoa Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes    
Seychelles Native Extant        
Singapore Native Extant        
Solomon Islands Native Extant        
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Vagrant Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
Spain Vagrant Extant        
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Tokelau (to New Zealand) Native Extant        
Tonga Native Extant        
Tunisia Vagrant Extant        
Turkey Vagrant Extant        
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes  
Tuvalu Native Extant        
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
USA Native Extant Yes      
Vanuatu Native Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes    
Zambia Vagrant Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
China (mainland) Ebi Nur and Kuytun River site factsheet
Japan Awase tidal flat site factsheet
Japan Lake Kasumigaura, Ukisima site factsheet
Malaysia Sadong-Saribas coast site factsheet
Mongolia Dashinchilen Bayan Lake site factsheet
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama site factsheet
Philippines Mactan, Kalawisan and Cansaga Bays site factsheet
Philippines Manila Bay site factsheet
USA James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge site factsheet
USA Northwestern Hawaiian Islands site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Pluvialis fulva. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Charadriidae (Plovers)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1789)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,730,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change