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Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,730,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,110,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.190,000-250,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). The population trend is decreasing in North America (based on BBS/CBC data: Butcher and Niven 2007).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Vagrant Extant      
Algeria Vagrant Extant      
American Samoa Native Extant      
Australia Native Extant      
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Barbados Vagrant Extant      
Belgium Vagrant Extant      
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Brunei Native Extant      
Burundi Vagrant Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant      
Canada Native Extant      
Chile Vagrant Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Christmas Island (to Australia) Native Extant      
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) Native Extant      
Comoros Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Vagrant Extant      
Cook Islands Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant      
Cyprus Vagrant Extant      
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant      
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Ecuador Vagrant Extant      
Egypt Vagrant Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Ethiopia Vagrant Extant      
Fiji Native Extant   Yes Yes
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Vagrant Extant      
French Polynesia Native Extant      
Gabon Native Extant      
Germany Vagrant Extant      
Greece Vagrant Extant      
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
India Native Extant      
Indonesia Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes  
Iraq Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Vagrant Extant      
Italy Vagrant Extant      
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Vagrant Extant      
Kazakhstan Native Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Kiribati Native Extant      
Kuwait Vagrant Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant     Yes
Laos Native Extant      
Lebanon Vagrant Extant     Yes
Madagascar Vagrant Extant      
Malawi Vagrant Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant      
Maldives Native Extant      
Malta Vagrant Extant      
Marshall Islands Native Extant   Yes  
Mauritius Native Extant      
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant      
Mexico Native Extant      
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes  
Mongolia Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Namibia Vagrant Extant      
Nauru Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant      
New Caledonia (to France) Native Extant      
New Zealand Native Extant      
Niue (to New Zealand) Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palau Native Extant   Yes  
Papua New Guinea Native Extant      
Philippines Native Extant   Yes  
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Samoa Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes  
Seychelles Native Extant      
Singapore Native Extant      
Solomon Islands Native Extant      
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Vagrant Extant      
South Korea Native Extant      
Spain Vagrant Extant      
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes Yes
Tokelau (to New Zealand) Native Extant      
Tonga Native Extant      
Tunisia Vagrant Extant      
Turkey Vagrant Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes
Tuvalu Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
USA Native Extant Yes    
Vanuatu Native Extant      
Vietnam Native Extant      
Wallis and Futuna Islands (to France) Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes  
Zambia Vagrant Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
China (mainland) Ebi Nur and Kuytun River site factsheet
Japan Awase tidal flat site factsheet
Japan Lake Kasumigaura, Ukisima site factsheet
Malaysia Sadong-Saribas coast site factsheet
Mongolia Dashinchilen Bayan Lake site factsheet
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama site factsheet
Philippines Mactan, Kalawisan and Cansaga Bays site factsheet
Philippines Manila Bay site factsheet
USA James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge site factsheet
USA Northwestern Hawaiian Islands site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Pluvialis fulva. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Charadriidae (Plovers)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1789)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,730,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions