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Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 304 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 12,800,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 12,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 8.7 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.210,000-460,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at < c.10,000 individuals on migration and >c.10,000 wintering individuals c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in China and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing, stable, or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes    
Albania Native Extant      
Algeria Native Extant      
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant     Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant      
Belgium Native Extant     Yes
Benin Vagrant Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant      
Botswana Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant     Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Vagrant Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant      
Central African Republic Vagrant Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Vagrant Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant Yes    
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Native Extant     Yes
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant     Yes
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant Yes   Yes
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes
Iraq Native Extant     Yes
Israel Native Extant   Yes Yes
Italy Native Extant     Yes
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant     Yes
Latvia Vagrant Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Vagrant Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Madagascar Vagrant Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant Yes    
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes   Yes
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
North Korea Vagrant Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant      
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Rwanda Vagrant Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant      
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant Yes    
South Korea Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant     Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes
Switzerland Native Extant   Yes  
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Togo Vagrant Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant     Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extinct Yes    
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant     Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant      
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak site factsheet
Albania Karavasta Lagoon site factsheet
Albania Patoku lagoon site factsheet
Algeria Sebkha d'Oran site factsheet
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen site factsheet
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir) site factsheet
Belgium Krekengebied site factsheet
Belgium Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk site factsheet
Belgium Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde site factsheet
Belgium Zwin site factsheet
Botswana Makgadikgadi Pans site factsheet
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Yatata site factsheet
China (mainland) Anqing wetlands (Caizi Hu, Wuchang Hu and other lakes) site factsheet
China (mainland) Barkol Lake and grassland site factsheet
China (mainland) Desert and wetland from Northern Urumqi to Dabancheng site factsheet
China (mainland) Ebi Nur and Kuytun River site factsheet
China (mainland) Wenzhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Yueqing Wan site factsheet
Denmark Eastern part of Vejlerne site factsheet
Denmark Harboøre Tange, Plet Enge & Gjeller Sø site factsheet
Denmark Ho Bugt meadows site factsheet
Denmark Northwestern Kattegat site factsheet
Denmark Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor site factsheet
Denmark Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen site factsheet
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord site factsheet
Denmark Roskilde Fjord, Selsø and Kattinge Søerne site factsheet
Denmark Saltbæk Vig site factsheet
Denmark Saltholm site factsheet
Denmark Smålandsfarvandet site factsheet
Denmark Sydfynske Ø-hav site factsheet
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø site factsheet
Denmark Ulvedybet and Nibe Bredning site factsheet
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea) site factsheet
Egypt El Malaha site factsheet
Egypt Lake Burullus site factsheet
Egypt Lake Manzala site factsheet
Estonia Irbe strait site factsheet
Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare site factsheet
Estonia Karala-Pilguse site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park site factsheet
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré site factsheet
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton site factsheet
France Baie de Vilaine site factsheet
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin site factsheet
France Camargue site factsheet
France Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Charente site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Loire site factsheet
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine site factsheet
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie site factsheet
France Etang de Thau site factsheet
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos site factsheet
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme site factsheet
France Etangs Montpellierains site factsheet
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban site factsheet
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne site factsheet
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon site factsheet
France Marais salants de Noirmoutier site factsheet
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine site factsheet
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre site factsheet
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers site factsheet
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise site factsheet
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site site factsheet
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site site factsheet
Greece Alyki Kitros lagoon site factsheet
Greece Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries site factsheet
Greece Evros delta site factsheet
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalohori lagoon site factsheet
Greece Lake Kerkini site factsheet
Greece Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) site factsheet
Greece Lakes Khortaro and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen, and Fakos peninsula site factsheet
Greece Lakes Volvi-Langada (or Koronia-Ag. Vasiliou) and Rentina Gorge (or Makedonika Tempi) site factsheet
Greece Mesolongi and Aetoliko lagoons, and Acheloos and Evinos estuaries site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) site factsheet
Greece Sperchios valley and delta-Maliakos gulf site factsheet
Guinea Konkouré site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság site factsheet
Hungary Cserebökény Pusztas of Szentes site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley site factsheet
Hungary Sárvíz Valley site factsheet
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Voshmigir dam site factsheet
Iraq Haur Uwainah site factsheet
Israel Carmel coast site factsheet
Israel Zevulun valley site factsheet
Jordan Azraq site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kumdykol-Zharlykol Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kazakhstan Uyalyshalkar Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Vicinity of Korgalzhyn village site factsheet
Kenya Lake Elmenteita site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli site factsheet
Mauritania Chott Boul site factsheet
Mauritania Diawling National Park site factsheet
Mongolia Dashinchilen Bayan Lake site factsheet
Morocco Marais Larache site factsheet
Morocco Merja Zerga site factsheet
Namibia Sandwich Harbour site factsheet
Namibia Walvis Bay site factsheet
Netherlands Ameland: Duinen-Oerd site factsheet
Netherlands Balgzand site factsheet
Netherlands Dollard site factsheet
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast site factsheet
Netherlands Grevelingen site factsheet
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast site factsheet
Netherlands Haringvliet site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Volkerak site factsheet
Netherlands Lauwersmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Markiezaat site factsheet
Netherlands Oosterschelde site factsheet
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen site factsheet
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat site factsheet
Netherlands Wadden Sea site factsheet
Netherlands Westerschelde and Saeftinghe site factsheet
Netherlands Westplaat site factsheet
Netherlands Workumerwaard site factsheet
Netherlands Zoommeer site factsheet
Oman Duqm site factsheet
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Portugal Castro Marim site factsheet
Portugal Mondego Estuary site factsheet
Portugal Ria de Aveiro site factsheet
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) site factsheet
Portugal Sado estuary site factsheet
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Romania Comana site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Ianca - Plopul - Sărat site factsheet
Romania Ilfov reservoir site factsheet
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds site factsheet
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) site factsheet
Romania Lake Dunăreni site factsheet
Romania Lake Tataru site factsheet
Romania Maglavit site factsheet
Romania Suhaia site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Ulukhkol' lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurumbel'skaya steppe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lake system near Lotoshnoye village site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Siverga lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Wetlands of Karasuk town site factsheet
Russia (European) Kiziltash limans site factsheet
Russia (European) Yeiski salt-lakes site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons site factsheet
Senegal Delta du Saloum site factsheet
Senegal Djoudj wetlands site factsheet
Senegal Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons site factsheet
Serbia Becej fish-pond site factsheet
Serbia Slano kopovo site factsheet
Serbia Srednje Potamišje site factsheet
Slovakia Senné site factsheet
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans site factsheet
South Africa False Bay Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Lake St Lucia and Mkuze Swamps site factsheet
South Africa Lower Berg river wetlands site factsheet
South Africa Orange River Mouth Wetlands site factsheet
South Africa Rietvlei Wetland Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves site factsheet
South Africa Spitskop Dam site factsheet
South Africa Swartkops Estuary - Redhouse and Chatty Saltpans site factsheet
South Africa Verlorenvlei Estuary site factsheet
South Africa West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands site factsheet
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons site factsheet
Spain Cádiz bay site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain El Hito site factsheet
Spain El Hondo wetland site factsheet
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon site factsheet
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon site factsheet
Spain Mata and Torrevieja lagoons site factsheet
Spain Middle section of river Guadalquivir reservoirs site factsheet
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata site factsheet
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons site factsheet
Spain Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons site factsheet
Spain Pétrola-Almansa-Yecla site factsheet
Spain Santa Pola salt-pans site factsheet
Sweden Coastal areas of eastern Gotland island site factsheet
Sweden Coastal areas of eastern Öland island site factsheet
Sweden Getterön site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Eyasi site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Kitangire site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Manyara National Park site factsheet
Tunisia Salines de Thyna site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Sidi Mansour site factsheet
Turkey Acıgöl Lake site factsheet
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta site factsheet
Turkey Ceyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Erçek Lake site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Kulu Lake site factsheet
Turkey Marmara Lake site factsheet
Turkey Samsam Lake site factsheet
Turkey Seyfe Lake site factsheet
Turkey Seyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Sultan Marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Kuyal'nyts'kyj lyman site factsheet
Ukraine Molochnyj Liman site factsheet
Ukraine Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system site factsheet
Ukraine Syvash Bay site factsheet
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays site factsheet
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes site factsheet
United Kingdom Breydon Water site factsheet
United Kingdom Deben Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Exe Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Hamford Water site factsheet
United Kingdom Humber Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes site factsheet
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick site factsheet
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Poole Harbour site factsheet
United Kingdom Tamar Estuaries Complex site factsheet
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes site factsheet
United Kingdom The Swale site factsheet
United Kingdom The Wash site factsheet
United Kingdom The Wash site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Recurvirostra avosetta. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Recurvirostridae (Stilts and avocets)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 12,800,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions