email a friend
printable version
CR
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered A2bce+4bce 
Endangered A2bce+4bce 
Vulnerable A2bce+4bce 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Critically Endangered
2012 Critically Endangered
2010 Critically Endangered
2009 Critically Endangered
2008 Critically Endangered
2004 Critically Endangered
2002 Critically Endangered
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type continent
Average mass 5515 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,370,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 30000 medium Estimated 2007
Population trend Decreasing medium -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 18.3 - - -
Population justification: A population estimate of c.45,000 individuals has been extrapolated from 2007 survey results published by Prakash et al. (2007), who recorded 337 individuals along 18,000 km of road transects. This very roughly equates to 30,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: Survey results indicate that declines throughout the Indian Subcontinent probably began in the 1990s and were extremely rapid, resulting in an overall population decline of greater than 97% over a 10-15 year period.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Unknown Extant       Yes
India Native Extant Yes      
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
India Bagdarrah Closed Area site factsheet
India Bandhavgarh National Park site factsheet
India Bannerghatta National Park site factsheet
India Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand site factsheet
India Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Bhimgad Forests site factsheet
India Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park site factsheet
India Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary and Hills site factsheet
India Bori Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Carambolim Wetlands site factsheet
India Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Chandaka - Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary and Godavari estuary site factsheet
India Desert National Park site factsheet
India Dihaila Jheel and other wetlands site factsheet
India Diyatra Closed Area site factsheet
India Farakka Barrage and adjoining area site factsheet
India Gangapur Dam and grasslands site factsheet
India Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Gomarda Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Gudavi Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Halali Reservoir site factsheet
India Indravati National Park and Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India INS - Shivaji and adjoining areas, Lonavla site factsheet
India Jaisamand Lake and Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kanha National Park site factsheet
India Kawar (Kabar) Lake Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kemmangundi and Bababudan Hills site factsheet
India Keoladeo National Park and Ajan Bande site factsheet
India Khichan site factsheet
India Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kulik (Raiganj) Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Kumbalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Madhav National Park site factsheet
India Mahul - Sewree Creek site factsheet
India Melkote Temple Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Mokama Taal (Barah) Wetlands site factsheet
India Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Mudumalai National Park site factsheet
India Namdapha - Kamlang site factsheet
India Nandi Hills site factsheet
India Nandur Madhmeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Narora site factsheet
India National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Bundi/Kota) (part of National Chambal River Gharial Sanctuary AZE) site factsheet
India Navegaon National Park site factsheet
India Naya Bandh Wetland Complex site factsheet
India Okhla Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Panna National Park site factsheet
India Patna Bird Sanctuary site factsheet
India Pench Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Phulwari Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Rajiv Ghandi Wildlife Sanctuary (Nagarjunasagar - Srisailam Tiger Reserve) site factsheet
India Ramanagara Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Rampura Grassland site factsheet
India Ramsagar Lake site factsheet
India Ranthambore National Park and Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sambhar Lake site factsheet
India Sanjay Gandhi National Park site factsheet
India Sareri Bandh site factsheet
India Sariska Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sei Dam reservoir and surrounding environs site factsheet
India Simlipal National Park site factsheet
India Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sonkhaliya Closed Area site factsheet
India Srivilliputhur Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Sultanpur National Park site factsheet
India Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Taloda Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Toranmal Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Udanti and Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuaries site factsheet
India Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Very Rapid Declines High Impact: 8
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Gyps indicus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Critically Endangered
Family Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)
Species name author (Scopoli, 1786)
Population size 30000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,370,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species