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LC
American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,310,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 8,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 260000-330000 poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15 - - -
Trend justification: The overall trend is increasing, although some populations may be stable (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Anguilla (to UK) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Antigua and Barbuda Vagrant Extinct        
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Bahamas Native Extant Yes      
Barbados Vagrant Extant        
Belize Vagrant Extant        
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant Yes      
Brazil Native Extant        
Canada Vagrant Extant        
Cayman Islands (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Colombia Native Extant        
Cuba Native Extant Yes      
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant Yes      
Dominican Republic Native Extant Yes      
Ecuador Native Extant Yes      
French Guiana Native Extant        
Guadeloupe (to France) Vagrant Extant        
Guyana Native Extant        
Haiti Native Extant Yes      
Honduras Vagrant Extant        
Jamaica Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant Yes      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Vagrant Extant        
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant Yes      
St Kitts and Nevis Vagrant Extant        
St Lucia Vagrant Extant        
Suriname Native Extant        
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant        
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
USA Native Extant        
Venezuela Native Extant Yes      
Virgin Islands (to UK) Reintroduced Extant Yes      
Virgin Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bahamas Great Inagua site factsheet
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Pelkermeer Saltworks, Bonaire site factsheet
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Washington-Slagbaai National Park, Bonaire site factsheet
Colombia Complejo de Humedales Costeros de la Guajira site factsheet
Cuba Cayo Sabinal, Ballenatos y Manglares de la Bahía de Nuevitas site factsheet
Cuba Ciénaga de Zapata site factsheet
Cuba Delta del Cauto site factsheet
Cuba Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila site factsheet
Cuba Las Picuas - Del Cristo Cay site factsheet
Cuba Río Máximo site factsheet
Guyana Shell Beach site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Fish Ponds and Crossing Place Trail, Middle Caicos site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site site factsheet
Venezuela Humedal Chacopata site factsheet
Venezuela Humedales Boca de Hueque y Sauca site factsheet
Venezuela Humedales Boca del Río Unare site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional Archipiélago Los Roques site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional Laguna de Tacarigua site factsheet
Venezuela Pedernales-Capure site factsheet
Venezuela Refugio de Fauna Silvestre Cuare site factsheet
Venezuela Refugio de Fauna Silvestre y Reserva de Pesca Ciénaga de Los Olivitos site factsheet
Venezuela Refugio de Fauna Silvestre y Reserva de Pesca Laguna de Boca de Caño site factsheet
Venezuela Reserva de Fauna Silvestre Tucurere site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes major non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Phoenicopterus ruber. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Phoenicopteridae (Flamingos)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size 260000-330000 mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,310,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species