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Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 161 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 21,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 21,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Increasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.3 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.450,000-780,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in China; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-10,000 individuals on migration in Japan and < c.10,000 breeding pairs < c.50 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is increasing, although some populations may be stable and others have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant Yes    
Benin Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Botswana Native Extant      
Brunei Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant      
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Cape Verde Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Congo Vagrant Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes   Yes
Cyprus Native Extant Yes   Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Vagrant Extant      
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Native Extant     Yes
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Ghana Native Extant      
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant      
Hungary Native Extant Yes    
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes
Iraq Native Extant     Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Native Extant     Yes
Italy Native Extant     Yes
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Laos Native Extant      
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Madagascar Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant      
Maldives Vagrant Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes  
Moldova Native Extant Yes   Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes    
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant Yes    
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
North Korea Vagrant Extant      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Native Extant     Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palau Native Extant   Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes
Philippines Native Extant      
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant      
Qatar Native Extant      
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Rwanda Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Seychelles Vagrant Extant      
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Singapore Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant     Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant   Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes    
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Timor-Leste Native Extant      
Togo Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant   Yes  
Turkey Native Extant      
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes    
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes    
USA Vagrant Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant      
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant     Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada site factsheet
Austria Neusiedler See site factsheet
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen site factsheet
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir) site factsheet
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Kalimok Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Srebarna site factsheet
Bulgaria Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Yatata site factsheet
Burkina Faso Béli River site factsheet
Burkina Faso Lake Oursi - Lake Darkoye site factsheet
China (mainland) Taizhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Xuanmen Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Yong Jiang Estuary site factsheet
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs site factsheet
Cyprus Famagusta Lakes site factsheet
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes site factsheet
Cyprus Mia Milia Sewage Treatment Plant site factsheet
Cyprus Oroklini Lake site factsheet
Ethiopia Abijatta - Shalla Lakes National Park site factsheet
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort site factsheet
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré site factsheet
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton site factsheet
France Brenne centrale site factsheet
France Camargue site factsheet
France Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde site factsheet
France Domaine d'Orx site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Charente site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Loire site factsheet
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine site factsheet
France Etang de Thau site factsheet
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos site factsheet
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan site factsheet
France Etangs Montpellierains site factsheet
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France La Dombes site factsheet
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban site factsheet
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre site factsheet
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon site factsheet
France Marais salants de Noirmoutier site factsheet
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre site factsheet
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre site factsheet
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers site factsheet
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise site factsheet
Gambia Tanbi wetland complex site factsheet
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site site factsheet
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site site factsheet
Greece Agios Mamas marsh site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Greece Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries site factsheet
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalohori lagoon site factsheet
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofilia forest, and Lamia marshes site factsheet
Greece Lakes Volvi-Langada (or Koronia-Ag. Vasiliou) and Rentina Gorge (or Makedonika Tempi) site factsheet
Greece Nea Fokea marshes site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság site factsheet
Hungary Bihar Plain site factsheet
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség site factsheet
Hungary Cserebökény Pusztas of Szentes site factsheet
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Akh Gol site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Susangerd marshes site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Hammar site factsheet
Iraq Haur Uwainah site factsheet
Iraq Huweija marshes site factsheet
Israel Judean foothills site factsheet
Israel Northern Arava valley site factsheet
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains site factsheet
Jordan Azraq site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea site factsheet
Kenya Lake Nakuru National Park site factsheet
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo site factsheet
Mali Lac Faguibine site factsheet
Mali Lac Horo site factsheet
Mauritania Gâat Mahmoûdé site factsheet
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg site factsheet
Mauritania Sawana - Oum Lellé site factsheet
Morocco Sidi Moussa - Oualidia site factsheet
Namibia Tsumkwe pan system site factsheet
Portugal Barrinha de Esmoriz/Lagoa de Paramos site factsheet
Portugal Castro Marim site factsheet
Portugal Mondego Estuary site factsheet
Portugal Paul do Taipal site factsheet
Portugal Pera marsh site factsheet
Portugal Ria de Aveiro site factsheet
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) site factsheet
Portugal Sado estuary site factsheet
Portugal Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa site factsheet
Portugal Santo André and Sancha lagoons site factsheet
Portugal Tejo estuary site factsheet
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău site factsheet
Romania Comana site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Ianca - Plopul - Sărat site factsheet
Romania Ilfov reservoir site factsheet
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) site factsheet
Romania Lake Bugeac site factsheet
Romania Lake Oltina site factsheet
Romania Lake Tataru site factsheet
Romania Lake Techirghiol site factsheet
Romania Limanu - Herghelia site factsheet
Romania Suhaia site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Agrakhanski Bay (North Agrakhan) site factsheet
Russia (European) Dadynskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don site factsheet
Russia (European) Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo site factsheet
Russia (European) Prikumskiye steppes site factsheet
Russia (European) Temirgoiskiye lakes site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Al-Hasa lagoons site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Makkah waste-water stream site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay site factsheet
Slovenia River Drava site factsheet
Slovenia Sečovlje saltpans site factsheet
Slovenia Škocjan Bay site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Valencia marshes site factsheet
Spain Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons site factsheet
Spain Almenara marshes site factsheet
Spain Ampurdán marshes site factsheet
Spain Cádiz bay site factsheet
Spain Cinca river rice fields and steppe area site factsheet
Spain Cortados del Jarama site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain El Hito site factsheet
Spain El Hondo wetland site factsheet
Spain El Moro marshes site factsheet
Spain Guadalentín saltmarshes site factsheet
Spain Janubio saltpans site factsheet
Spain Llobregat delta site factsheet
Spain Mar Menor coastal lagoon site factsheet
Spain Mata and Torrevieja lagoons site factsheet
Spain Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons site factsheet
Spain Pego-Oliva marshes site factsheet
Spain Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita site factsheet
Spain Pétrola-Almansa-Yecla site factsheet
Spain Redbeeds and copses of Aranjuez site factsheet
Spain River Mijares mouth site factsheet
Spain Salobrar de Campos Lagoons-Sa Vall site factsheet
Spain Salt-pans of Ibiza and Formentera and Freus isles site factsheet
Spain Tablas de Daimiel marshes; 'Vicario' and 'Gasset' reservoirs and Malagón lakes site factsheet
Spain Tierra de Campos steppes site factsheet
Spain Tordesillas-Mota del Marqués site factsheet
Spain Valdehornillos-Santa Amalia site factsheet
Spain Wetlands of western Almería site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Central Section of Bachang River site factsheet
Taiwan (China) Hulupi site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Manyara National Park site factsheet
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area site factsheet
Tunisia Sebkhet Kelbia site factsheet
Turkey Akyay Plain site factsheet
Turkey Çöl Lake and Çalıkdüzü site factsheet
Turkey Erçek Lake site factsheet
Turkey Ereğli Plain site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Hotamış Marshes site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
Turkey Meriç Delta site factsheet
Turkey Seyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Sodalıgöl (Arın Lake) site factsheet
Turkey Sultan Marsh site factsheet
Uganda Kyambura Wildlife Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Ajgul and Karleut lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Lake near Magazinka village site factsheet
Ukraine Molochna river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Syvash Bay site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Ramtha lagoons site factsheet
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet
Yemen Aden site factsheet
Yemen Ta'izz wadis site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes and Flats suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 4200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Himantopus himantopus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Recurvirostridae (Stilts and avocets)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 21,900,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Climate change species distributions