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African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) C1 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
shelf island
Average mass 692 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 140,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 3300-4000 medium Estimated 2002
Population trend Increasing Suspected -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 13.7 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated at 5,000-6,000 individuals (T. Dodman in litt. 2002), roughly equivalent to 3,300-4,000 mature individuals.
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be increasing thanks to improved habitat management on near-shore islands.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Angola Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Mozambique Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Namibia Native Extant       Yes
South Africa Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Namibia Lüderitz Bay islands site factsheet
Namibia Mercury Island site factsheet
Namibia Mile 4 saltworks site factsheet
Namibia Namib-Naukluft Park site factsheet
Namibia Possession Island site factsheet
Namibia Sandwich Harbour site factsheet
Namibia Sperrgebiet site factsheet
Namibia Walvis Bay site factsheet
South Africa Algoa Bay Islands: Addo Elephant National Park site factsheet
South Africa Dassen Island site factsheet
South Africa De Hoop Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Dwesa-Cwebe Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Dyer Island Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Maitland - Gamtoos coast site factsheet
South Africa Rietvlei Wetland: Table Bay Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Robben Island site factsheet
South Africa Swartkops Estuary - Redhouse and Chatty Saltpans site factsheet
South Africa West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands site factsheet
South Africa Woody Cape Section: Addo Elephant National Park site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands Major breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline Major resident
Marine Intertidal Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits, Etc Major breeding
Marine Intertidal Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches Major resident
Marine Intertidal Tidepools Major resident
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Unspecified species Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 3
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases / Larus dominicanus Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Reduced reproductive success
Residential & commercial development Tourism & recreation areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Past Impact
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Haematopus moquini. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Haematopodidae (Oystercatchers)
Species name author Bonaparte, 1856
Population size 3300-4000 mature individuals
Population trend Increasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 140,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change