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 Burhinus oedicnemus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2014 Not Recognised
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 459 g

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant Yes      
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes      
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Cambodia Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Vagrant Extant        
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Gibraltar (to UK) Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Guinea Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant Yes      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Native Extant Yes      
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Jordan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant        
Laos Vagrant Extant        
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant Yes      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
Niger Vagrant Extant        
Nigeria Vagrant Extant        
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant Yes      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Vagrant Extant        
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Sierra Leone Vagrant Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extinct Yes      
Somalia Vagrant Extant        
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant Yes      
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Native Extant        
Syria Native Extant     Yes Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant Yes      
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant Yes      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant Yes      
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Central Marchfeld site factsheet
Austria Steinfeld site factsheet
Bulgaria Arda Bridge site factsheet
Bulgaria Kaliakra site factsheet
Bulgaria Rayanovtsi site factsheet
Bulgaria Sakar site factsheet
Bulgaria Straldzha Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Strandzha site factsheet
Croatia Kvarner Islands site factsheet
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands site factsheet
Cyprus Koshi-Pallourokampos and Troulloi Plain site factsheet
Cyprus Mesaoria Plain site factsheet
Cyprus Pafos Plain site factsheet
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs site factsheet
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud site factsheet
France Boucle de Moisson site factsheet
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids site factsheet
France Brenne centrale site factsheet
France Crau site factsheet
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants site factsheet
France Mars sur Allier site factsheet
France Massif du Petit Lubéron site factsheet
France Parc National des Cévennes site factsheet
France Petite Beauce site factsheet
France Plaine calcaire du sud Vendée site factsheet
France Plaine de Niort (nord-ouest) site factsheet
France Plaine de Niort (sud-est) site factsheet
France Plaine de Villefagnan site factsheet
France Plaine du Forez site factsheet
France Plaines de Mirebeau et de Neuville-du-Poitou site factsheet
France Plaines de Saint-Jouin de Marne et d'Assais-les-Jumeaux site factsheet
France Plateau de Valensole site factsheet
France Sologne Bourbonnaise site factsheet
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze site factsheet
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny site factsheet
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale site factsheet
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire site factsheet
France Zones agricoles de la Hardt site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou) site factsheet
Greece Lakes Khortaro and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen, and Fakos peninsula site factsheet
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary site factsheet
Greece Mount Falakro site factsheet
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons site factsheet
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság site factsheet
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság site factsheet
Hungary Cserebökény Pusztas of Szentes site factsheet
Hungary Gerje-sik site factsheet
Hungary Heves Plain site factsheet
Italy Altopiano di Campeda site factsheet
Italy Central Campidano site factsheet
Italy Crete Senesi site factsheet
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands site factsheet
Italy Magredi of Pordenone site factsheet
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river site factsheet
Italy Murge site factsheet
Italy Taro river site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Pelagonia site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Zletovska valley site factsheet
Portugal Albufeira do Caia site factsheet
Portugal Alter do Chão site factsheet
Portugal Campo Maior site factsheet
Portugal Castro Marim site factsheet
Portugal Castro Verde plains site factsheet
Portugal Côa valley site factsheet
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos site factsheet
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões site factsheet
Portugal Vila Fernando site factsheet
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi site factsheet
Romania Beştepe - Mahmudia site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Dorobanţu site factsheet
Romania Dobrogei gorge site factsheet
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova site factsheet
Romania Hagieni forest site factsheet
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel site factsheet
Romania Olt valley site factsheet
Romania Stepa Casimcea site factsheet
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Sostinskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Tsimlyanskiye sands site factsheet
Spain Altos de Barahona high moor site factsheet
Spain Belchite-Mediana site factsheet
Spain Bienvenida-Usagre-Ribera del Fresno site factsheet
Spain Blancas-Torralba de los Sisones site factsheet
Spain Brozas-Membrío site factsheet
Spain Carrión-Frómista site factsheet
Spain Cerrato high moor site factsheet
Spain Coast between Corralejo and Tostón site factsheet
Spain Coastal cliffs between Cape Enderrocat and Cala Pí site factsheet
Spain Cogul-Alfés steppes site factsheet
Spain Córdoba countryside site factsheet
Spain Cuchillete de Buenavista-gully of La Torre-Los Alares site factsheet
Spain El Médano coast site factsheet
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains site factsheet
Spain Famara sandy plain site factsheet
Spain Fuente de Cantos-Montemolín site factsheet
Spain Guadalentín saltmarshes site factsheet
Spain Gully of Ajuí-Betancuria site factsheet
Spain Hoya de Baza site factsheet
Spain Hoya de Guadix site factsheet
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon site factsheet
Spain Isthmus of Jandía sandy plain site factsheet
Spain La Limia site factsheet
Spain La Serena site factsheet
Spain Lajares sandy plain-Cotillo-Ezquinzo site factsheet
Spain Lerida steppes site factsheet
Spain Monegrillo-Pina steppe area-Pina site factsheet
Spain Plain between Cáceres and Trujillo-Aldea del Cano site factsheet
Spain Plains of La Corona-Las Honduras site factsheet
Spain Puebla de Don Fadrique-Las Cañadas site factsheet
Spain Quipar reservoir, Molino mountain range and Cagitán plains site factsheet
Spain Sandy plain of Corralejo site factsheet
Spain Tabernas desert site factsheet
Spain Talamanca-Camarma site factsheet
Spain Tierra de Campiñas steppes site factsheet
Spain Tierra de Campos steppes site factsheet
Turkey Gediz Delta site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
Turkey Seyhan Delta site factsheet
United Kingdom Breckland site factsheet
United Kingdom Porton Down site factsheet
United Kingdom Salisbury Plain site factsheet


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Burhinus oedicnemus. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Not Recognised
Family Burhinidae (Thick-knees)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species