email a friend
printable version
LC
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,230,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 13,400,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.4 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.25,000-100,000 individuals (Wetlands International, 2006), while national population sizes have been estimated at < c.1,000 individuals on migration in Japan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant        
Antarctica Vagrant Extant        
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant        
Argentina Native Extant        
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Australia Native Extant        
Austria Vagrant Extant        
Bahamas Native Extant        
Barbados Native Extant        
Belgium Vagrant Extant        
Belize Native Extant     Yes  
Bermuda (to UK) Native Extant        
Bolivia Native Extant        
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Botswana Vagrant Extant        
Brazil Native Extant        
Bulgaria Vagrant Extant        
Burundi Vagrant Extant        
Canada Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
Chile Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Colombia Native Extant        
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes    
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant        
Cuba Native Extant        
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Cyprus Vagrant Extant        
Czech Republic Vagrant Extant        
Denmark Vagrant Extant        
Dominica Native Extant        
Dominican Republic Native Extant        
Ecuador Native Extant        
Egypt Vagrant Extant        
El Salvador Native Extant        
Ethiopia Vagrant Extant        
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Vagrant Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Fiji Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Finland Vagrant Extant        
France Vagrant Extant        
French Guiana Native Extant        
French Polynesia Vagrant Extant        
Gabon Vagrant Extant        
Germany Vagrant Extant        
Ghana Vagrant Extant        
Greece Vagrant Extant        
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Grenada Native Extant        
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant     Yes  
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Guatemala Native Extant        
Guyana Native Extant        
Haiti Native Extant        
Honduras Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Vagrant Extant        
Hungary Vagrant Extant        
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Vagrant Extant        
Ireland Vagrant Extant        
Israel Vagrant Extant        
Italy Vagrant Extant        
Jamaica Vagrant Extant        
Japan Native Extant        
Kenya Vagrant Extant        
Kiribati Vagrant Extant        
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Malta Vagrant Extant        
Marshall Islands Native Extant   Yes    
Martinique (to France) Native Extant        
Mexico Native Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant        
Morocco Vagrant Extant        
Namibia Vagrant Extant        
Netherlands Vagrant Extant        
New Zealand Native Extant        
Nicaragua Native Extant        
Niue (to New Zealand) Vagrant Extant        
North Korea Vagrant Extant        
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Norway Vagrant Extant        
Oman Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Palau Native Extant   Yes    
Panama Native Extant        
Papua New Guinea Native Extant        
Paraguay Native Extant        
Peru Native Extant        
Poland Vagrant Extant        
Portugal Vagrant Extant        
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant        
Romania Vagrant Extant        
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Vagrant Extant        
São Tomé e Príncipe Vagrant Extant        
Saudi Arabia Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Senegal Vagrant Extant        
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Sierra Leone Vagrant Extant        
Singapore Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant        
Slovakia Vagrant Extant        
Solomon Islands Native Extant        
South Africa Vagrant Extant        
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands Vagrant Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
Spain Vagrant Extant        
St Helena (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant        
St Lucia Native Extant        
St Martin (to France) Native Extant     Yes  
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Native Extant     Yes  
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant        
Suriname Native Extant        
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Vagrant Extant        
Switzerland Vagrant Extant        
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Timor-Leste Vagrant Extant        
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant        
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant        
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant        
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Vagrant Extant        
Uruguay Native Extant   Yes    
USA Native Extant Yes      
Vanuatu Vagrant Extant        
Venezuela Native Extant        
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes    
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Zambia Vagrant Extant        
Zimbabwe Vagrant Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Laguna Melincué site factsheet
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita site factsheet
Barbados St Lucy Shooting Swamps site factsheet
Barbados St Philip Shooting Swamps site factsheet
Canada Beaverhill Lake site factsheet
Canada Big Piskwanish Point site factsheet
Canada Blow River Delta (Shingle Point to Tent Island) site factsheet
Canada Cape Henrietta Maria site factsheet
Canada Ekwan to Lakitusaki Shores site factsheet
Canada Landis Lake site factsheet
Canada M'Clintock Bay to Lewes River Marsh site factsheet
Canada Shagamu River and Area site factsheet
Canada Sutton River Coastline site factsheet
Colombia Complejo Lacustre de Fúquene, Cucunubá y Palacio site factsheet
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste site factsheet
USA Teshekpuk Lake-E. Dease Inlet site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Grassland Tundra major breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Alpine Wetlands (includes temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Lakes suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) major breeding
Altitude 3500 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Calidris melanotos. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
Species name author (Vieillot, 1819)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 2,230,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species