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Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2cde+3cde+4cde;C1 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass 212 g


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 607,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 607,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium Estimated 2005
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.8 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.23,000 individuals (Bamford et al. in prep), while national population sizes have been estimated at < c.100 breeding pairs and < c.10,000 individuals on migration in China and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: There are no data on population trends; however, the species is probably in decline owing to pollution and development on the wintering grounds. In the future, these declines may be intensified by habitat shifts on the breeding grounds, caused by global warming.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Australia Native Extant   Yes    
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes    
Brunei Native Extant   Yes    
Cambodia Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant       Yes
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes    
India Native Extant   Yes    
Indonesia Native Extant   Yes    
Japan Native Extant   Yes    
Kazakhstan Native Extant   Yes    
Kenya Vagrant Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant   Yes    
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Myanmar Native Extant   Yes    
New Zealand Native Extant   Yes    
North Korea Native Extant   Yes    
Papua New Guinea Native Extant   Yes    
Philippines Native Extant   Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Singapore Native Extant   Yes    
South Korea Native Extant   Yes    
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Taiwan (China) Native Extant   Yes    
Thailand Native Extant   Yes    
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Uzbekistan Native Extant   Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Yemen Vagrant Extant     Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Australia Port McArthur Tidal Wetlands System site factsheet
Australia Roebuck Bay site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
Indonesia Pesisir Pantai Jambi site factsheet
Indonesia Pesisir Riau Tenggara site factsheet
Indonesia Pesisir Timur Pantai Sumatera Utara site factsheet
Indonesia Sembilang site factsheet
Indonesia Solo Delta site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Barluksko-Sayanskaya floodplain of Oka river and Kuitunskaya foreststeppe site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Selenga delta site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Blagoveschenskaya (Kulunda lake and vicinity) site factsheet
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake site factsheet
Vietnam Dat Mui site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites unset non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes unset non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Sand Dunes unset non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Saline, Brackish or Alkaline Marshes/Pools unset breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) unset breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 4
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Limnodromus semipalmatus. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
Species name author (Blyth, 1848)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 607,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species