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Lulu's Tody-flycatcher Poecilotriccus luluae
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Justification
Based on a model of future deforestation it is suspected that the population of this species will decline very rapidly over the next three generations, and it has therefore been uplisted to Endangered. It also has a small, declining range and population. However, it may in fact benefit from habitat degradation promoting secondary growth, and from abandonment of pasture that is occurring in parts of its range.

Taxonomic source(s)
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Synonym(s)
Poecilotriccus sp.nov. Stotz et al. (1996)

Identification
10 cm. Small, well marked tyrant flycatcher. The most striking feature is the rich chestnut-red hood (except small white throat). Hind neck band is grey/black and remaining upperparts are green, with coverts, tertials and secondaries fringed yellow. Below the hood is a narrow, white breast band, and the remainder of the underparts are bright yellow. Voice Call is an emphatic chick. Song probably consists of a short, rather harsh trilling prrrrt.

Distribution and population
Poecilotriccus luluae is known from six localities in north-east Peru: at Wicsocunga, near Lonya Grande, in the northernmost extension of the Cordillera Central (T. Mark in litt. 2003); two sites in the Cordillera de Colán (30 km east of Florida (Johnson and Jones 2001), and south-east of Bagua (Davies et al. (1994)); and three areas to the east in an unnamed range in the Eastern Andes (the García area north-east of Abra Patricia; 6 km south-east of Corosha; and 33 km north-east of Ingenio) (Johnson and Jones 2001; Davies et al. 1994).

Population justification
The population size is preliminarily estimated to fall into the band 2,500-9,999 individuals. This equates to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification
This species is suspected to lose 60.4-66.3% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (11 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). It is therefore suspected to decline by ≥50% over three generations.

Ecology
It is found in montane forest at 1,800-2,900 m elevation, usually in or near bamboo thickets but also in shrubby second growth and forest edge (Johnson and Jones 2001; Davis 1986; Hornbuckle 1999b; Schulenberg et al. 2007). It forages almost exclusively through sally-gleans, mostly to the undersurface of live leaves, and is nearly always encountered in pairs (Davis 1986). It has been reported as fairly common to the east of Abra Patricia (Davis 1986; Hornbuckle 1999b).

Threats
The remaining forests within the documented range of the species are being cleared for timber, agriculture and to secure land ownership, particularly rapidly on the Cordillera de Colán (where local people estimated that all remaining forest might be cleared in the ensuing decade). The forest near Abra Patricia is under increased threat since the road was rebuilt in 1998 (Davies et al. 1997). However, the species may benefit from edge habitat created by timber clearing (D. Lane in litt. 2003).

Conservation Actions Underway
1,820 km2 of forest at Abra Patricia and the upper río Mayo, San Martín, is classed as Bosque de Protección del Alto Mayo at the request of local leaders in Rioja, to protect the watershed of the Rio Mayo from logging (Hornbuckle 1999b). Conservation Actions Proposed
Establish a protected area containing areas of forest on the Cordillera de Colán. Survey areas of suitable habitat to locate further populations. Determine its ecological requirements, particularly its response to edge habitat creation.

References
Bird, J. P.; Buchanan, J. M.; Lees, A. C.; Clay, R. P.; Develey, P. F.; Yépez, I.; Butchart, S. H. M. 2011. Integrating spatially explicit habitat projections into extinction risk assessments: a reassessment of Amazonian avifauna incorporating projected deforestation. Diversity and Distributions: doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2011.00843.x.

Davies, C. W. N.; Barnes, R.; Butchart, S. H. M.; Fernandez, M.; Seddon, N. 1994. The conservation status of the Cordillera de Colán.

Davies, C. W. N.; Barnes, R.; Butchart, S. H. M.; Fernandez, M.; Seddon, N. 1997. The conservation status of birds on the Cordillera de Colán, Peru. Bird Conservation International 7: 181-195.

Davis, T. J. 1986. Distribution and natural history of some birds from the departments of San Martín and Amazonas, northern Peru. Condor 88: 50-56.

Hornbuckle, J. 1999. The birds of Abra Patricia and the upper río Mayo, San Martín, north Peru. Cotinga 12: 11-28.

Johnson, N. K.; Jones, R. E. 2001. A new species of Tody-tyrant (Tyrannidae: Poecilotriccus) from Northern Peru. The Auk 118(2): 334-341.

Schulenberg, T. S.; Stotz, D. F. ; Lane, D. F.; O'Neill, J. P.; Parker III, T. A. 2007. Birds of Peru. Prnceton University Press, Prnceton, NJ, USA.

Soares-Filho, B.S.; Nepstad, D.C.; Curran, L.M.; Cerqueira, G.C.; Garcia, R. A.; Ramos, C. A.; Voll, E.; McDonald, A.; Lefebvre, P.; Schlesinger, P. 2006. Modelling conservation in the Amazon basin. Nature 440(7083): 520-523.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Harding, M., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A.

Contributors
Lane, D., Mark, T.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Poecilotriccus luluae. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Lulu’s tody-tyrant (Poecilotriccus luluae) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Tyrannidae (Tyrant-flycatchers)
Species name author Johnson & Jones, 2001
Population size 1500-7000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 360 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species