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Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
Please email us with any relevant information

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 15,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable Suspected -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.3,100,000-3,600,000 individuals (Wetlands International, 2006), while national population estimates include: c.100,000-1 million breeding pairs, >c.10,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-1 million breeding pairs and >c.1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant        
Algeria Native Extant        
Angola Native Extant        
Antigua and Barbuda Vagrant Extant        
Armenia Native Extant        
Australia Native Extant        
Austria Native Extant        
Azerbaijan Native Extant        
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Barbados Vagrant Extant        
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant        
Benin Native Extant        
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant        
Botswana Native Extant        
British Indian Ocean Territory Native Extant        
Brunei Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant        
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Canada Native Extant        
Cape Verde Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Christmas Island (to Australia) Native Extant        
Comoros Vagrant Extant        
Congo Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Costa Rica Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant     Yes  
Cyprus Native Extant     Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant        
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Djibouti Native Extant        
Dominica Vagrant Extant        
Ecuador Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes  
France Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Gabon Native Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant        
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ghana Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes  
Guadeloupe (to France) Vagrant Extant        
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Guatemala Vagrant Extant        
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Honduras Vagrant Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant        
Iceland Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Ireland Native Extant   Yes    
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant     Yes  
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant        
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant        
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Lesotho Native Extant        
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Native Extant        
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant        
Madagascar Native Extant        
Malawi Native Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant        
Maldives Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Marshall Islands Native Extant   Yes    
Martinique (to France) Vagrant Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Mauritius Vagrant Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Moldova Native Extant        
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant        
Montserrat (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Nicaragua Vagrant Extant        
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palau Native Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Papua New Guinea Native Extant        
Philippines Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Portugal Native Extant   Yes    
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Romania Native Extant     Yes  
Russia Native Extant Yes   Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (European) Native Extant       Yes
Rwanda Native Extant        
São Tomé e Príncipe Native Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant        
Seychelles Native Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Singapore Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant        
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes  
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant   Yes    
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
St Kitts and Nevis Vagrant Extant        
St Lucia Vagrant Extant        
St Vincent and the Grenadines Vagrant Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Swaziland Native Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Switzerland Native Extant        
Syria Native Extant     Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant        
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Togo Native Extant        
Trinidad and Tobago Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant   Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes      
USA Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant        
Vietnam Native Extant        
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Denmark Ålvand Klithede and Førby Sø site factsheet
Denmark Borris Hede site factsheet
Denmark Hanstholm Reservation site factsheet
Denmark Kongens Mose and Draved Skov site factsheet
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma site factsheet
Estonia Nätsi-Võlla site factsheet
Estonia Sirtsi site factsheet
Estonia Soomaa site factsheet
Estonia Tuhu-Kesu site factsheet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests site factsheet
Finland Kevo site factsheet
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma site factsheet
Finland Lämsänaapa-Sakkala-aapa site factsheet
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires site factsheet
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju site factsheet
Finland Litokaira site factsheet
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat site factsheet
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara site factsheet
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo site factsheet
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi site factsheet
Finland Oulu region wetlands site factsheet
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds site factsheet
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira site factsheet
Finland Pöyrisvuoma mire protection area site factsheet
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet site factsheet
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira site factsheet
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi site factsheet
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa site factsheet
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island site factsheet
Italy Pantani di Vendicari e di Capo Passero site factsheet
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains site factsheet
Latvia Cena bog site factsheet
Latvia Kemeri national park site factsheet
Latvia Lielais and Pemmas bogs site factsheet
Latvia Orlovas bog site factsheet
Latvia Stikli site factsheet
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs site factsheet
Latvia Ziemelu bogs site factsheet
Lithuania Aukstasis Tyras Telmological Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Cepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Kamanos Strict NR site factsheet
Lithuania Labanoras Regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Musos tyrelis raised bog with surrounding forest site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Reiskiai Telmological Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Norway Nordre Øyeren & Sørumsneset site factsheet
Romania Buhuşu reservoir - Bacău - Tătărăşti site factsheet
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor site factsheet
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood site factsheet
Romania Confluenţa Jiu - Dunăre site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor site factsheet
Romania Iazurile de pe Văile Ibănesei - Başeului - Podrigăi site factsheet
Romania Lacurile Fălticeni site factsheet
Romania Maglavit site factsheet
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds site factsheet
Romania Suhaia site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Forty islands site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Basins of the Schuchya and Khadytayakha rivers site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Lower Ob' site factsheet
Russia (European) Koporski Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Slovenia Lake Cerknica site factsheet
Slovenia River Drava site factsheet
South Korea Cheonsu Bay site factsheet
Sweden Dumme mosse site factsheet
Sweden Färnebofjärden site factsheet
Sweden Florarna site factsheet
Sweden Komosse site factsheet
Sweden Lake Ånnsjön-Storlien site factsheet
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken site factsheet
Sweden Lake Tjålmejaure-Laisdalen valley site factsheet
Sweden Middagsfjället - Dörrshöjden site factsheet
Sweden Påkketan site factsheet
Sweden River Umeälven delta site factsheet
Sweden Stornäset - Hörningsholm site factsheet
Sweden Taavavuoma site factsheet
Sweden Vindelfjällen mountains (including Lake Tärnasjön) site factsheet
Uganda Doho Rice Scheme site factsheet
United Kingdom Abernethy Forest site factsheet
United Kingdom Achanalt Marshes site factsheet
United Kingdom Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands site factsheet
United Kingdom Grampian Mountains site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) Suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land Suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas Suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) Suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal Suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded Suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subarctic Suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands Suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands Suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) Suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) Suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) Suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Other impacts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Indirect ecosystem effects, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Clostridium botulinum Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Plasmodium relictum Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Species mortality


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Subsistence, National
Food - human - - - Subsistence, National
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Tringa glareola. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 15,500,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- 2015 European Red List assessment