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Scarlet-banded Barbet Capito wallacei

Justification
This recently described species is only known from one small mountain top where its population must be very small, and it is therefore listed as Vulnerable. However, further investigation through the 50-km long mountain ridge may reveal the species to be less at risk.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Identification
19 cm. Very striking, recently discovered barbet. Cap and nape scarlet. Broad white supercilium starting from just in front of eye. Black lores, area below eye and ear-coverts. Scapulars mostly black (yellow "V" in female). Back yellow, large white rump and black tail. Throat and upper breast white, bordered below by a broad scarlet band. Lower breast and belly bright yellow, fading to yellowish-white in undertail coverts. Similar spp. No congeners within range. Voice A hollow purr or trill.

Distribution and population
Capito wallacei is known only from an isolated, unnamed ridge system to the east of the Cordillera Azul, Ucayali Department, Peru (O'Neill et al. 2000). The ridge is on the east bank of the upper Río Cushabatay, 77 km west-north-west of Contamana in Loreto. The ridge is long (>50 km) and narrow (O'Neill et al. 2000) and, in spite of searches at suitable elevations in the adjacent Cordillera Azul, this species remains known only from Peak 1538 (D. Lane and T. S. Schulenberg in litt. 2000). It was found to be common, with up to eight individuals recorded daily (O'Neill et al. 2000). Thirteen specimens were collected from this mountain (O'Neill et al. 2000).

Population justification
The population is estimated to number 250-999 mature individuals based on an assessment of known records, descriptions of abundance and range size. This is consistent with recorded population density estimates for congeners or close relatives with a similar body size, and the fact that only a proportion of the estimated Extent of Occurrence is likely to be occupied. This estimate is equivalent to 375-1,499 individuals in total, rounded here to 350-1,500 individuals.

Trend justification
This species is suspected to lose 12.8% of suitable habitat within its distribution over three generations (26 years) based on a model of Amazonian deforestation (Soares-Filho et al. 2006, Bird et al. 2011). It is therefore suspected to decline by <25% over three generations.

Ecology
The species is known only from on, or near, the summit of one mountain, where a relatively flat plateau is cloaked in cloud forest between 1,300 and 1,550 m (O'Neill et al. 2000, Schulenberg et al. 2007). Epiphytes, especially bryopytes, bromeliads and orchids, cover most of the trunks and large branches of the short trees (10-20 m). The predominant trees near the summit are melastomes and clusias. The forest floor has a deep (up to 1 m) spongy cover of mosses intermixed with leaf litter and soil. The wet, epiphyte-covered montane forest changes abruptly to taller and drier subtropical forest below 1,250 m.

Threats
There is little human habitation in the watershed, and none above 300 m. Only a small amount of hunting is conducted by infrequent visitors. However, deforestation is extensive on the west slope of the adjacent Cordillera Azul, especially in the drainage of the Río Biabo.

Conservation Actions Underway
The isolated ridge is currently unprotected. Conservation Actions Proposed
Search remaining peaks along the isolated ridge. Assess the size of its population. Gather more information on its ecology and life history. Seek protected status for the isolated ridge.

References
O'Neill, J. P.; Lane, D. F.; Kratter, A. W.; Capparella, A. P.; Joo, C. F. 2000. A striking new species of barbet (Capitoninae: Capito) from the Eastern Andes of Peru. The Auk 117(3): 569-577.

Schulenberg, T. S.; Stotz, D. F. ; Lane, D. F.; O'Neill, J. P.; Parker III, T. A. 2007. Birds of Peru. Prnceton University Press, Prnceton, NJ, USA.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Pilgrim, J., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A., Wege, D.

Contributors
Lane, D., Schulenberg, T.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Capito wallacei. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Capitonidae (New World Barbets)
Species name author O'Neill, Lane, Kratter, Capparella et al., 2000
Population size 250-999 mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 190 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species