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LC
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,590,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 20,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -
Trend justification: This species has undergone a large and statistically significant decrease over the last 40 years in North America (-94.9% decline over 40 years, equating to a -52.6% decline per decade; data from Breeding Bird Survey and/or Christmas Bird Count: Butcher and Niven 2007) Note, however, that these surveys cover less than 50% of the species's range in North America.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant      
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant      
Argentina Native Extant      
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Australia Vagrant Extant      
Austria Vagrant Extant      
Bahamas Native Extant      
Barbados Native Extant      
Belgium Vagrant Extant      
Belize Native Extant   Yes  
Bermuda (to UK) Native Extant      
Bolivia Native Extant      
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Brazil Native Extant      
Canada Native Extant Yes   Yes
Cayman Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Chile Native Extant      
Colombia Native Extant      
Costa Rica Native Extant   Yes  
Cuba Native Extant      
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Dominica Native Extant      
Dominican Republic Native Extant      
Ecuador Native Extant      
El Salvador Native Extant      
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Vagrant Extant      
France Vagrant Extant      
French Guiana Native Extant      
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Germany Vagrant Extant      
Ghana Vagrant Extant      
Greece Vagrant Extant      
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Grenada Native Extant      
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant   Yes  
Guatemala Native Extant      
Guyana Native Extant      
Haiti Native Extant      
Honduras Native Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Vagrant Extant      
Hungary Vagrant Extant      
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
Indonesia Vagrant Extant      
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Vagrant Extant      
Italy Vagrant Extant      
Jamaica Native Extant   Yes  
Japan Vagrant Extant      
Marshall Islands Vagrant Extant      
Martinique (to France) Native Extant      
Mexico Native Extant      
Montserrat (to UK) Native Extant      
Morocco Vagrant Extant      
Netherlands Vagrant Extant      
New Zealand Vagrant Extant      
Nicaragua Native Extant      
Nigeria Vagrant Extant      
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Panama Native Extant      
Paraguay Native Extant      
Peru Native Extant      
Poland Vagrant Extant      
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant      
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Slovenia Vagrant Extant      
South Africa Vagrant Extant      
Spain Vagrant Extant      
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant      
St Lucia Native Extant      
St Martin (to France) Native Extant   Yes  
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Native Extant     Yes
St Vincent and the Grenadines Native Extant      
Suriname Native Extant      
Sweden Vagrant Extant      
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant     Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes  
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) Native Extant      
Uruguay Native Extant   Yes  
USA Native Extant Yes    
Venezuela Native Extant      
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes  
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Zambia Vagrant Extant      
Zimbabwe Vagrant Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Argentina Bahía de Samborombón y Punta Rasa site factsheet
Argentina Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita site factsheet
Barbados St Lucy Shooting Swamps site factsheet
Barbados St Philip Shooting Swamps site factsheet
Canada Sounding Lake site factsheet
Chile Desembocadura del Río Imperial site factsheet
Chile Humedal-Marisma Rocuant Andalién site factsheet
Colombia Ciénaga Grande, Isla de Salamanca and Sabana Grande RAMSAR biosphere reserve site factsheet
Cuba Delta del Cauto site factsheet
Cuba Humedal Sur de Sancti Spiritus site factsheet
French Guiana Amana site factsheet
French Guiana Ile de Cayenne site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral Kourou site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral Macouria site factsheet
French Guiana Littoral Sinnamary site factsheet
French Guiana Plaine Kaw et Pointe Béhague site factsheet
Puerto Rico (to USA) Jobos Bay site factsheet
Puerto Rico (to USA) Suroeste site factsheet
Trinidad and Tobago West Coast Mudflats site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Grand Turk Salinas and Shores site factsheet
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tringa flavipes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and allies)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1789)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 4,590,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species