email a friend
printable version
EN
Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered C2a(i) 
Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd;C2a(i);D1 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Endangered
2008 Endangered
2006 Endangered
2004 Endangered
2000 Endangered
1996 Endangered
1994 Endangered
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type continent
shelf island
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 169,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 169,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 330-670 medium Estimated 2005
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 51-250 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -
Population justification: BirdLife International (2001) estimated 250-999 individuals, but the lower limit is probably nearer 500, as 100 have been estimated in Malaysia (Li et al. 2005), 100-200 in Thailand (P. Round in litt. 2005 to Wetlands International 2006), c.100 in Myanmar (D. Li in litt. to Wetlands International 2006), plus unknown but low numbers in north-eastern India, Bangladesh and Sumatra, thus overall the population is estimated at 500-1,000 individuals, roughly equating to 330-670 mature individuals. The results of surveys conducted on the species's breeding grounds in 2010 and 2011 imply that the current population estimate is optimistic (per E. Lappo in litt. 2012).
Trend justification: This species's population is suspected to be decreasing very rapidly, in line with levels of coastal wetland development throughout Asia for industry, infrastructure and aquaculture, and the degradation of its breeding habitat in Russia by grazing reindeer Rangifer tarandus. Survey data collected on the species's breeding grounds in 2010 and 2011 (per E. Lappo in litt. 2012) lend support to the suspicion of a very rapid decline and further analysis may elucidate whether the rate of decline could be more rapid than this.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes    
Brunei Native Extant   Yes    
Cambodia Native Extant   Yes    
China (mainland) Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Guam (to USA) Unknown Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes Yes  
India Native Extant   Yes    
Indonesia Native Extant   Yes    
Japan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Malaysia Native Extant   Yes    
Myanmar Native Extant   Yes    
North Korea Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Philippines Native Extant   Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Singapore Native Extant   Yes    
South Korea Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Taiwan (China) Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Thailand Native Extant   Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant   Yes Yes  

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bangladesh Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta site factsheet
Bangladesh Hakaluki Haor site factsheet
Bangladesh Patenga Beach site factsheet
Bangladesh Sonadia Island site factsheet
Brunei Brunei Bay site factsheet
Cambodia Koh Kapik site factsheet
China (mainland) Beidaihe site factsheet
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dongting Hu wetlands site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiuduansha Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Rong Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Yalu Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Yancheng Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yellow River Delta Nature Reserve site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
India Dibru - Saikhowa Complex site factsheet
India Kaziranga National Park site factsheet
India Laokhowa and Burhachapori Sanctuaries site factsheet
India Mahul - Sewree Creek site factsheet
India Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Rajaji National Park site factsheet
Indonesia Berbak site factsheet
Indonesia Sembilang site factsheet
Malaysia Bako-Buntal Bay site factsheet
Malaysia Brunei Bay (Malaysia) site factsheet
Malaysia Matang coast site factsheet
Malaysia North-central Selangor coast site factsheet
Malaysia Sadong-Saribas coast site factsheet
Malaysia Teluk Air Tawar-Kuala Muda coast site factsheet
Myanmar Central Tanintharyi Coast site factsheet
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama site factsheet
Myanmar Nantha Island site factsheet
North Korea Chongchon River estuary (including Mundok Nature Reserve) site factsheet
North Korea Chongdan field site factsheet
North Korea Daedong Bay site factsheet
North Korea Unryul Kumsanpo site factsheet
Philippines Manila Bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Amur river mouth site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Aniva bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Lower Tumen river site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Malakchan bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Moroshechnaya river site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Nevskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Nikolaya bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) North-east Sakhalin lagoons site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Schast'ya bay site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Shantar islands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tyk and Viakhtu bays site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Tyuleniy island site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Ul'banskiy bay site factsheet
Singapore Ubin-Khatib site factsheet
South Korea Asan Bay (including Asan-ho lake and Sapgyo-ho lake) site factsheet
South Korea Cheonsu Bay site factsheet
South Korea Dongjin estuary site factsheet
South Korea Geum-gang river and estuary site factsheet
South Korea Mangyeong estuary site factsheet
South Korea Nakdong-gang estuary site factsheet
South Korea Namyang Bay site factsheet
South Korea Suncheon Bay site factsheet
South Korea Tidal flat area of southern Ganghwa-do island site factsheet
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand site factsheet
Thailand Ko Li Bong site factsheet
Thailand Na Muang Krabi site factsheet
Vietnam Binh Dai site factsheet
Vietnam Can Gio site factsheet
Vietnam Nghia Hung site factsheet
Vietnam Xuan Thuy site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal major breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats major non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Marine & freshwater aquaculture / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases / Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Industrial & military effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tringa guttifer. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
Species name author (Nordmann, 1835)
Population size 330-670 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 169,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species