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Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 12,100,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 33,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.3 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.440,000-1,500,000 individuals (Wetlands International, 2006), while national population estimates include: < c.10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and < c.50 wintering individuals in Korea; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes
Albania Native Extant   Yes  
Algeria Native Extant      
Angola Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant      
Australia Native Extant      
Austria Native Extant     Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant   Yes  
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes
Bangladesh Native Extant      
Barbados Vagrant Extant      
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant   Yes  
Benin Native Extant      
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Bhutan Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Botswana Native Extant      
British Indian Ocean Territory Native Extant      
Brunei Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant   Yes  
Burkina Faso Native Extant      
Burundi Native Extant      
Cambodia Native Extant      
Cameroon Native Extant      
Canada Native Extant      
Cape Verde Native Extant      
Central African Republic Native Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Christmas Island (to Australia) Native Extant      
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) Native Extant      
Comoros Native Extant      
Congo Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant      
Croatia Native Extant     Yes
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant      
Denmark Native Extant     Yes
Djibouti Native Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes
France Native Extant   Yes Yes
French Southern Territories Native Extant      
Gabon Native Extant      
Gambia Native Extant      
Georgia Native Extant      
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes
Ghana Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant   Yes Yes
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Guinea Native Extant      
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant      
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant   Yes  
Hungary Native Extant      
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant      
Indonesia Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant   Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes Yes
Ireland Native Extant     Yes
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant   Yes Yes
Japan Native Extant      
Jordan Native Extant     Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant      
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant      
Laos Native Extant      
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Native Extant      
Luxembourg Native Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant   Yes  
Madagascar Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Malaysia Native Extant   Yes  
Maldives Native Extant      
Mali Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Mauritius Native Extant      
Mayotte (to France) Native Extant      
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes  
Moldova Native Extant     Yes
Mongolia Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant   Yes  
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Myanmar Native Extant      
Namibia Native Extant      
Nepal Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant   Yes  
New Caledonia (to France) Vagrant Extant      
New Zealand Native Extant      
Niger Native Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
North Korea Native Extant      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes  
Norway Native Extant Yes   Yes
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palau Native Extant   Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes
Papua New Guinea Native Extant      
Philippines Native Extant   Yes  
Poland Native Extant     Yes
Portugal Native Extant   Yes  
Puerto Rico (to USA) Vagrant Extant      
Qatar Native Extant   Yes Yes
Réunion (to France) Native Extant      
Romania Native Extant     Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes
Rwanda Native Extant      
São Tomé e Príncipe Native Extant      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant   Yes  
Seychelles Native Extant      
Sierra Leone Native Extant      
Singapore Native Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant   Yes  
Slovenia Native Extant   Yes Yes
Solomon Islands Native Extant      
Somalia Native Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Korea Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes  
Spain Native Extant   Yes  
Sri Lanka Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Swaziland Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes
Switzerland Native Extant      
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant      
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Native Extant      
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes Yes
Togo Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant   Yes  
Turkmenistan Native Extant      
Uganda Native Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant     Yes
USA Native Extant   Yes  
Uzbekistan Native Extant      
Vietnam Native Extant      
Western Sahara Native Extant      
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
China (mainland) Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Wenzhou Wan site factsheet
China (mainland) Yalu Jiang Estuary site factsheet
China (mainland) Yueqing Wan site factsheet
Finland Elimyssalo site factsheet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests site factsheet
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju site factsheet
Finland Litokaira site factsheet
Finland Luosto site factsheet
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi site factsheet
Finland Oulu region wetlands site factsheet
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds site factsheet
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet site factsheet
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira site factsheet
Finland Talaskangas site factsheet
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa site factsheet
Ghana Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site site factsheet
Ghana Songor Ramsar Site site factsheet
Hong Kong (China) Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area site factsheet
Japan Hakata bay site factsheet
Japan Inner Ariake bay site factsheet
Malaysia North-central Selangor coast site factsheet
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park site factsheet
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama site factsheet
Netherlands Wadden Sea site factsheet
Oman Barr al Hikman site factsheet
Philippines Mactan, Kalawisan and Cansaga Bays site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Forty islands site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Lower Tumen river site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Nevskoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Big and Small Akh lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dikoye and Epanchino lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kataiginskiye bogs site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kondinskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Russkoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ust'-Ozerninskiye bogs site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Vizhay river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Vodorazdel'naya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zaikovo forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'" site factsheet
Russia (European) Adovo-Chugrumski wetland site factsheet
Russia (European) Druzhinnoye lake and its outskirts site factsheet
Russia (European) Iremel'ski mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Kivach Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Pizhemski zakaznik site factsheet
Russia (European) Ponoiskaya depression site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Sysola river site factsheet
Russia (European) Verkhnevisherski mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Vicinity of the Vozhe lake and Charonda marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Yamantau mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land site factsheet
Sierra Leone Yawri Bay site factsheet
South Korea Asan Bay (including Asan-ho lake and Sapgyo-ho lake) site factsheet
South Korea Baeksu tidal flat site factsheet
South Korea Cheonsu Bay site factsheet
South Korea Daebu-do island site factsheet
South Korea Dongjin estuary site factsheet
South Korea Sihwa-ho lake site factsheet
South Korea Tidal flat area of southern Ganghwa-do island site factsheet
Sweden River Umeälven delta site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Tidepools suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Domestic & urban waste water / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tringa nebularia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers and allies)
Species name author (Gunnerus, 1767)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 12,100,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species