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LC
Common Redshank Tringa totanus

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 129 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 19,700,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 21,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 0
Population trend Unknown -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.2 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.960,000-2,600,000 individuals (Wetlands International, 2006), while national population estimates include: < c.10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Taiwan; c.50-10,000 wintering individuals in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are stable, increasing or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006). In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Algeria Native Extant        
Angola Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant       Yes
Australia Native Extant        
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant       Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Bangladesh Native Extant        
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Benin Vagrant Extant        
Bhutan Vagrant Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extinct Yes      
Botswana Native Extant        
Brunei Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Burkina Faso Vagrant Extant        
Burundi Native Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Cameroon Native Extant        
Canada Vagrant Extant        
Cape Verde Native Extant        
Central African Republic Native Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant     Yes  
Christmas Island (to Australia) Vagrant Extant        
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (to Australia) Native Extant        
Congo Vagrant Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes    
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Djibouti Native Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Equatorial Guinea Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes  
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gabon Native Extant        
Gambia Native Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ghana Native Extant        
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Guam (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Guinea Native Extant        
Guinea-Bissau Native Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iceland Native Extant     Yes Yes
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes Yes
Iraq Native Extant   Yes    
Ireland Native Extant       Yes
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant     Yes Yes
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Native Extant        
Malaysia Native Extant   Yes    
Maldives Native Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant        
Mauritania Native Extant        
Micronesia, Federated States of Native Extant   Yes    
Moldova Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant       Yes
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Namibia Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant     Yes Yes
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant        
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant   Yes    
Norway Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palau Native Extant   Yes    
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Papua New Guinea Native Extant        
Philippines Native Extant   Yes    
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant   Yes    
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes Yes
Rwanda Vagrant Extant        
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Sierra Leone Native Extant        
Singapore Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Native Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Korea Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Spain Native Extant     Yes Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Switzerland Native Extant Yes      
Syria Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Native Extant   Yes    
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Togo Native Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant       Yes
Turkey Native Extant       Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant        
Uganda Native Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant   Yes Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant     Yes Yes
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant        
Western Sahara Native Extant        
Yemen Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Belarus Mid Prypiac' site factsheet
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley site factsheet
China (mainland) Ganligahai-Zecha Nature Reserve site factsheet
Denmark Mandø site factsheet
Denmark Northwestern Kattegat site factsheet
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord site factsheet
Denmark Rømø site factsheet
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea) site factsheet
Egypt Lake Burullus site factsheet
Egypt Lake Manzala site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds site factsheet
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago site factsheet
Finland Oulu region wetlands site factsheet
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands site factsheet
Finland Rahja archipelago site factsheet
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort site factsheet
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton site factsheet
France Baie de Goulven site factsheet
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin site factsheet
France Cap Gris-nez site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord site factsheet
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine site factsheet
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf site factsheet
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant site factsheet
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne site factsheet
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Guinea Konkouré site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Arquipélago dos Bijagós site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Ilha de Bolama - Rio Grande de Buba site factsheet
Guinea-Bissau Rio Tombali, Rio Cumbijã and Ilha de Melo site factsheet
Indonesia Pesisir Pantai Jambi site factsheet
Indonesia Pesisir Riau Tenggara site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Gaz and Rud-i-Hara deltas site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Malaysia Matang coast site factsheet
Malaysia North-central Selangor coast site factsheet
Malaysia South-west Johor coast site factsheet
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park site factsheet
Myanmar Gulf of Mottama site factsheet
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast site factsheet
Netherlands Groningen Wadden Sea coast site factsheet
Netherlands Oosterschelde site factsheet
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat site factsheet
Netherlands Wadden Sea site factsheet
Netherlands Westerschelde and Saeftinghe site factsheet
Netherlands Westplaat site factsheet
Oman Barr al Hikman site factsheet
Oman Masirah island site factsheet
Philippines Mactan, Kalawisan and Cansaga Bays site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Iput' river in vicinity of Kholevichami site factsheet
Russia (European) Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons site factsheet
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay site factsheet
Senegal Delta du Saloum site factsheet
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone River Estuary site factsheet
Sierra Leone Yawri Bay site factsheet
Spain Cádiz bay site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon site factsheet
Sweden Coastal areas of eastern Öland island site factsheet
Sweden Outer Stockholm archipelago site factsheet
Thailand Inner Gulf of Thailand site factsheet
Tunisia Kneiss site factsheet
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows site factsheet
Ukraine Molochna river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Syvash Bay site factsheet
Ukraine Tyligul's'kyj lyman site factsheet
United Arab Emirates Khor Dubai site factsheet
United Kingdom Alde - Ore Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Belfast Lough site factsheet
United Kingdom Bowland Fells site factsheet
United Kingdom Carlingford Lough site factsheet
United Kingdom Chichester and Langstone Harbours site factsheet
United Kingdom Dee Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Firth of Forth site factsheet
United Kingdom Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Hamford Water site factsheet
United Kingdom Humber Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Inner Clyde site factsheet
United Kingdom Lindisfarne site factsheet
United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes site factsheet
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Montrose Basin site factsheet
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays site factsheet
United Kingdom Moray Basin, Firths and Bays site factsheet
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay site factsheet
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom North Pennine Moors site factsheet
United Kingdom North Uist Machair and Islands site factsheet
United Kingdom Northumbria Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries site factsheet
United Kingdom Severn Estuary site factsheet
United Kingdom South Uist Machair and Lochs site factsheet
United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries site factsheet
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands site factsheet
United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes site factsheet
United Kingdom The Swale site factsheet
United Kingdom The Wash site factsheet
United Kingdom The Wash site factsheet
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Mud Flats and Salt Flats suitable non-breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable breeding
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 0 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Tringa totanus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Unknown
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 19,700,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species