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EX
Moorea Sandpiper Prosobonia ellisi

Justification
This species was known from Moorea, French Polynesia, but it has not been recorded since its collection in 1777 and is now Extinct. Predation by introduced rats is thought to have been the primary cause.

Taxonomic source(s)
Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened birds of the world, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Taxonomic note
P. ellisi was historically considered a synonym of P. leucoptera2, but it has been shown to be a good species1.

Distribution and population
Prosobonia ellisi is known only from two paintings (both in London), by Ellis and Webber, each based on a specimen (both now lost) collected by Anderson on Moorea, in the Society Islands, French Polynesia, during Cook's third voyage in 1777 (Walters 1994).

Ecology
Like Tahitian Sandpiper P. leucoptera, it presumably lived along streams.

Threats
It was presumably driven to extinction by introduced rats in the late 18th century (Walters 1994).

References
Walters, M. 1994. Dorling Kindersley, London, UK.

Zusi, R. L.; Jehl, J. R. 1970. The systematic relationships of Aechmorhynchus, Prosobonia, and Phegornis (Charadriiformes: Charadrii). The Auk 87: 760-780.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Brooks, T., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Prosobonia ellisi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Extinct
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
Species name author (Gmelin, 1789)
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species