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Fuegian Snipe Gallinago stricklandii

Justification
This poorly known species is thought to have a small population which may be declining in some areas owing to habitat degradation. Lack of evidence of any overall decline means that it is presently classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html#.

Distribution and population
Gallinago stricklandii breeds in south-central Chile and Argentina south to Tierra del Fuego, with some birds reportedly migrating north in winter to Valdivia, Chile (Olrog 1979, Piersma 1996b). It has reportedly bred in the Falkland Islands (Malvinas), but there is only one recent record and the historical documentation is a lost specimen of questionable identity (Bennett 1926, Woods and Woods 1997). The population has been estimated at less than 10,000 individuals (R. Schlatter in litt. 2002), but could be even smaller. There may be some declines in the north of its range and, although reportedly common on islands around Cape Horn, it is to some extent naturally rare (Chebez 1994, Piersma 1996b).

Population justification
The population is estimated to number fewer than 10,000 individuals, and so is placed in the band 2,500-9,999 individuals (R. Schlatter in litt. 2002). This equates to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat degradation.

Ecology
It is found in grassy and forested boggy areas with low scrub or rushes, often in a mosaic of grassy bog, bamboo and lichen-clad dwarf forest and sometimes cushion-plant bogs up to 4,200 m (Parker et al. 1996, Piersma 1996b). In the north of Tierra del Fuego, it also occurs in non-forested open grass and scrubby areas (Humphrey et al. 1970).

Threats
None are known, but habitat in some areas is presumably vulnerable to degradation and conversion for agriculture and grazing.

Conservation Actions Underway
CMS Appendix II. Conservation Actions Proposed
Clarify threats to its habitat. Protect areas of important habitat.

References
Bennett, A. G. 1926. A list of the birds of the Falkland Islands and dependencies. Ibis 12: 306-333.

Chebez, J. C. 1994. Los que se van: especies argentinas en peligro. Albatros, Buenos Aires.

Humphrey, P. S.; Bridge, D.; Reynolds, P. W.; Peterson, R. T. 1970. Birds of Isla Grande (Tierra del Fuego). University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, for the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Lawrence, Kansas.

Olrog, C. C. 1979. Nueva lista de la avifauna Argentina. Ministerio de Cultura y Educación, Fundación Miguel Lillo, Tucumán, Argentina.

Parker, T. A.; Stotz, D. F.; Fitzpatrick, J. W. 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. In: Stotz, D.F.; Fitzpatrick, J.W.; Parker, T.A.; Moskovits, D.K. (ed.), Neotropical bird ecology and conservation, pp. 113-436. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Piersma, T. 1996. Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, and Phalaropes). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 444-533. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Wetlands International. 2002. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Woods, R. W.; Woods, A. 1997. Atlas of breeding birds of the Falkland Islands. Anthony Nelson, Oswestry, U.K.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Babarskas, M., Benstead, P., Butchart, S., Capper, D., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A.

Contributors
Schlatter, R.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Gallinago stricklandii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Additional resources for this species

ARKive species - Fuegian snipe (Gallinago stricklandii) 0

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
Species name author (Gray, 1845)
Population size 1500-7000 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 326,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species