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Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered  
Vulnerable C2a(ii) 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Vulnerable
2008 Vulnerable
2007 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 102,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 555,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2500-9999 poor Estimated 2001
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 1 - - -
Largest subpopulation 2500-9999 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.8 - - -
Population justification: The population is estimated to number 2,500-9,999 mature individuals, from analysis of a detailed account of recent records in BirdLife International (2001). This equates to 3,750-14,999 individuals, rounded here to 3,500-15,000 individuals. Further documentation is desirable.
Trend justification: A moderate and on-going population decline is suspected on the basis of rates of habitat loss and the extent of apparent declines in traditional wintering areas in parts of India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand and Laos.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Bangladesh Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bhutan Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Myanmar Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Nepal Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Vagrant Extant        
Sri Lanka Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Thailand Vagrant Possibly Extinct   Yes    
Vietnam Native Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Bangladesh Lawachara / West Bhanugach Reserved Forest site factsheet
Bhutan Bumdelling Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Bhutan Bumthang wetlands site factsheet
Bhutan Chele La site factsheet
Bhutan Jigme Singye Wangchuk National Park site factsheet
Bhutan Kanglung wetlands site factsheet
Bhutan Menji wetland site factsheet
Bhutan Paro wetlands site factsheet
Bhutan Thimphu wetlands site factsheet
Bhutan Toorsa Strict Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Wolong Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xuebaoding Nature Reserve site factsheet
India Buxa Tiger Reserve (National Park) site factsheet
India Chaglagaum - Denning - Walong site factsheet
India Corbett Tiger Reserve site factsheet
India Dhauludhar Wildlife Sanctuary and McLeod Gunj site factsheet
India Dombang Valley - Lachung - Lema - Tsungthang site factsheet
India Dudhwa National Park site factsheet
India Kudremukh National Park site factsheet
India Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary - Tsomgo - Tamze - Chola Complex site factsheet
India Lhonak Valley site factsheet
India Mount Ziphu site factsheet
India Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary - Zuluk - Bedang Tso - Natula Complex site factsheet
India Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Singhalila National Park site factsheet
India Tso Lhamo Plateau - Lashar - Sebu La - Yumesamdong Complex site factsheet
India Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Yumthang - Shingba Rhododendron Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Laos Nakai Plateau site factsheet
Myanmar Hukaung Valley site factsheet
Nepal Annapurna Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Kanchenjungha Conservation Area site factsheet
Nepal Langtang National Park site factsheet
Nepal Mai Valley forests site factsheet
Nepal Makalu Barun National Park site factsheet
Nepal Sagarmatha National Park site factsheet
Nepal Shey-Phoksundo National Park site factsheet
Thailand Mae Fang site factsheet
Vietnam Ban Bung site factsheet
Vietnam Fan Si Pan site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate major breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major non-breeding
Altitude 3000 - 5000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (min) 100 m

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Shifting agriculture Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Domestic & urban waste water / Sewage Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Residential & commercial development Commercial & industrial areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 3
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Gallinago nemoricola. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Vulnerable
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
Species name author Hodgson, 1836
Population size 2500-9999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 102,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species