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Sulawesi Woodcock Scolopax celebensis

Justification
This poorly known species is likely to have a moderately small population given its altitudinal preferences and apparent scarcity. Although population trends are poorly known, it is likely to be in decline, primarily owing to habitat degradation. It is consequently classified as Near Threatened.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Distribution and population
Scolopax celebensis is restricted to Sulawesi (not the south-east peninsula but a recent record from the east peninsula), Indonesia, although it is known from very few localities (BirdLife International 2001). It is possibly fairly common and overlooked in appropriate habitat. There have been few recent records, although it has been recorded in Lore Lindu National Park in 2000 (close to Hanggira village) and at Tomado in 2001 (Mole and Wangko 2006), there must be concern that it is local, and declining.

Trend justification
There are no data on population trends; however, habitat degradation and predation by feral cats are suspected to be causing a decline.

Ecology
It inhabits montane forest and bamboo thickets at 1,700-2,300 m, possibly down to 1,100 m. The 2001 reports came from a small stream.

Threats
It is possibly affected by habitat disturbance and loss, and even by the spread of feral cats into montane Sulawesi. As a species of montane habitats, it is potentially impacted by the effects of projected climate change.


Conservation Actions Underway
It occurs in Lore Lindu National Park. Conservation Actions Proposed
Conduct surveys to estimate the size of the population and the extent of its distribution. Investigate its tolerance of degraded forest and the extent of predation by feral cats. Protect large areas of unlogged montane forest in areas where it occurs.

References
BirdLife International. 2001. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Delany, S.; Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Mole, J.; Wangko, M.F. 2006. Habitat of the Sulawesi Woodcock Scolopax celebensis in Lore Lindu National Park. Kukila 13: 64-66.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Mahood, S., Taylor, J.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Scolopax celebensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes)
Species name author Riley, 1921
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 22,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species