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Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type   Average mass 429 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 15,700,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.4 - - -
Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number c.2,500,000-3,100,000 breeding pairs, equating to c.7,500,000-9,300,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2004). Europe forms 25-49% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is c.15,000,000-40,000,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. In addition, national population estimates include: c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs in China; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Korea; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs in Japan and c.100,000-1 million breeding pairs in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The population is suspected to be declining owing to habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 1994). In Europe, trends since 1980 show that populations have undergone a moderate decline (p<0.01), based on provisional data for 21 countries from the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands; P. Vorisek in litt. 2008).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Estonia Native Extant       Yes
Finland Native Extant       Yes
France Native Extant       Yes
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Greece Native Extant       Yes
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Japan Native Extant Yes      
Kazakhstan Native Extant       Yes
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Liechtenstein Native Extant       Yes
Lithuania Native Extant       Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Romania Native Extant       Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant       Yes
Russia (European) Native Extant       Yes
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Slovakia Native Extant       Yes
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
South Korea Native Extant Yes      
Spain Native Extant   Yes    
Sweden Native Extant       Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Freiwald site factsheet
Austria Northern Kalkalpen site factsheet
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein site factsheet
Belgium Deux Ourthes site factsheet
Belgium Haute Sûre/Ardenne méridionale site factsheet
Belgium Lesse et Lomme site factsheet
Belgium Sinémurienne site factsheet
Belgium Tailles site factsheet
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Dobrostan site factsheet
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Pirin site factsheet
Bulgaria Rila site factsheet
Bulgaria Sredna Gora site factsheet
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes site factsheet
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Boletice site factsheet
Czech Republic Jeseniky mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Novohradské hory mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) site factsheet
Estonia Alam-Pedja site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
France Barois et Forêt de Clairvaux site factsheet
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne site factsheet
France Bois du Chapitre site factsheet
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux site factsheet
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre site factsheet
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or site factsheet
France Haut Giffre site factsheet
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache site factsheet
France Les Bauges site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon site factsheet
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges site factsheet
France Montagne des Frêtes et plateau des Glières site factsheet
France Parc National de la Vanoise site factsheet
France Parc National des Ecrins site factsheet
France Plateau Ardennais site factsheet
Hungary Aggtelek Karst site factsheet
Hungary Karancs–Medves site factsheet
Hungary Mátra site factsheet
Hungary Putnok Hills site factsheet
Italy Adamello-Brenta site factsheet
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river site factsheet
Italy Mount Grappa site factsheet
Italy Stelvio National Park site factsheet
Kazakhstan Markakol State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau site factsheet
Lithuania Birzai forest site factsheet
Lithuania Buda-Pravieniskes forest complex site factsheet
Lithuania Zemaitija National Park site factsheet
Luxembourg Region Kiischpelt site factsheet
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Our site factsheet
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Sure site factsheet
Poland Augustów forest site factsheet
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains site factsheet
Poland Bialowieza Forest site factsheet
Poland Bieszczady Mountains site factsheet
Poland Knyszyn Forest site factsheet
Poland Przemysl Plateau site factsheet
Poland Slonne Mountains site factsheet
Poland Tatra mountains site factsheet
Romania Defileul Superior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Frumoasa site factsheet
Romania Giurgeu Depression site factsheet
Romania Grădiştea Muncelului site factsheet
Romania Igniş Mountains - Creasta Cocoşului site factsheet
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain site factsheet
Romania Retezat Mountains site factsheet
Romania Rodnei Mountains site factsheet
Romania Vânători - Neamţ site factsheet
Romania Vrancea Mountains site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Baturino-Simansky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Big and Small Akh lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Big Indra lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Dikoye and Epanchino lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of Northern Ural site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Istochnoye, Sredneye and Schuchiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kondinskiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Korgonskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetski Alatau site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Molebny Kamen' ridge site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Poyasovy Kamen' ridge site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Russkoye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Shapshal ridge site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Tundyt mountain site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ust'-Ozerninskiye bogs site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Vizhay river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Vodorazdel'naya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'" site factsheet
Slovakia Bukovské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Laborecka upland site factsheet
Slovakia Nízke Tatry site factsheet
Slovakia Tatry site factsheet
Slovakia Velká Fatra site factsheet
Slovenia Grintovci site factsheet
Slovenia Jelovica plateau site factsheet
Slovenia Julijci site factsheet
Slovenia Kočevsko site factsheet
Slovenia Trnovski gozd site factsheet
Sweden Färnebofjärden site factsheet
Sweden Florarna site factsheet
Sweden Hanveden-Hemfosa site factsheet
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden site factsheet
Sweden Sjöängen - Svartån site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Boreal major resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 1600 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Bonasa bonasia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 15,700,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species