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Caribbean Coot Fulica caribaea

IUCN Red List Criteria

Near Threatened (criteria nearly met) A2cde 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Near Threatened
2010 Near Threatened
2008 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type shelf island
Average mass -


  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 158,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals Unknown not applicable Not Applicable 2010
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -
Population justification: Although the population in the Dominican Republic has been estimated at a minimum of 5,000-10,000 individuals (D. Wege in litt. 2010), there are currently no estimates for the global population size.
Trend justification: There are no specific data, however given documented threats and anecdotal reports that the species has been declining, a decline of 1-19% is precautionarily suspected.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Anguilla (to UK) Native Extant Yes    
Antigua and Barbuda Native Extant Yes    
Aruba (to Netherlands) Native Extant      
Barbados Native Extant      
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Native Extant   Yes  
Colombia Vagrant Extant      
Cuba Native Extant   Yes  
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Native Extant   Yes  
Dominica Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Dominican Republic Native Extant Yes    
Grenada Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Guadeloupe (to France) Native Extant Yes    
Haiti Native Extant Yes    
Jamaica Native Extant Yes    
Martinique (to France) Native Extant Yes    
Montserrat (to UK) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Puerto Rico (to USA) Native Extant Yes    
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Native Extant   Yes  
St Kitts and Nevis Native Extant   Yes  
St Lucia Vagrant Extant   Yes  
St Martin (to France) Vagrant Extant   Yes  
St Vincent and the Grenadines Vagrant Extant   Yes  
Trinidad and Tobago Native Extant   Yes  
Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) Native Extant   Yes  
Venezuela Native Extant      
Virgin Islands (to UK) Native Extant      
Virgin Islands (to USA) Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Anguilla (to UK) East End Pond site factsheet
Antigua and Barbuda Bethesda Dam site factsheet
Antigua and Barbuda Valley Church Bay site factsheet
Aruba (to Netherlands) Bubali Wetlands site factsheet
Aruba (to Netherlands) Tierra del Sol Salina site factsheet
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands) Washikemba - Fontein - Onima, Bonaire site factsheet
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Malpais-St Michiel site factsheet
Curaçao (to Netherlands) Muizenberg, Curaçao site factsheet
Dominican Republic Cabral Lagoon site factsheet
Dominican Republic Limón Lagoon site factsheet
Haiti Lac Azuéi site factsheet
Haiti Trou Caïman site factsheet
Jamaica Black River Great Morass site factsheet
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Fresh Pond, Sint Maarten site factsheet
Sint Maarten (to Netherlands) Little Bay, Sint Maarten site factsheet
Venezuela Humedales Boca de Hueque y Sauca site factsheet
Venezuela Morrocoy National Park (Parque Nacional Morrocoy IBA) site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional Sierra Nevada site factsheet
Venezuela Parque Nacional Yacambú site factsheet
Venezuela Refugio de Fauna Silvestre Cuare site factsheet
Venezuela Refugio de Fauna Silvestre y Reserva de Pesca Ciénaga de Los Olivitos site factsheet
Venezuela Reserva de Fauna Silvestre Tucurere site factsheet
Virgin Islands (to USA) Southgate and Green Cay site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) major resident
Altitude 0 - 500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Domestic Cat (Felis catus) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of surface water (domestic use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact:
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion


Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Fulica caribaea. Downloaded from on 22/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 22/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Rallidae (Rails, crakes and allies)
Species name author Ridgway, 1884
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 158,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species