email a friend
printable version
LC
Common Coot Fulica atra

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 531 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 22,300,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 22,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -
Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.8,900,000-9,800,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2006), while national population estimates include: c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in China; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Korea; c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs, c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration and c.1,000-10,000 wintering individuals in Japan and c.10,000-100,000 breeding pairs and c.1,000-10,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations are stable, fluctuating or have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant       Yes
Albania Native Extant       Yes
Algeria Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant       Yes
Australia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant       Yes
Azerbaijan Native Extant     Yes Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes    
Bangladesh Native Extant   Yes    
Belarus Native Extant       Yes
Belgium Native Extant       Yes
Bhutan Native Extant        
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant       Yes
Brunei Vagrant Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant       Yes
Burkina Faso Native Extant        
Cambodia Native Extant        
Canada Vagrant Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Croatia Native Extant       Yes
Cyprus Native Extant       Yes
Czech Republic Native Extant       Yes
Denmark Native Extant     Yes Yes
Egypt Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extant   Yes    
Finland Native Extant     Yes Yes
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Georgia Native Extant       Yes
Germany Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Guam (to USA) Vagrant Extant        
Hong Kong (China) Native Extant        
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
Iceland Native Extant        
India Native Extant        
Indonesia Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Iraq Native Extant     Yes Yes
Ireland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Israel Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Italy Native Extant       Yes
Japan Native Extant        
Jordan Native Extant     Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant        
Latvia Native Extant       Yes
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes Yes
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant       Yes
Lithuania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Luxembourg Native Extant       Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malaysia Native Extant        
Maldives Vagrant Extant        
Mali Native Extant        
Malta Native Extant   Yes    
Mauritania Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant       Yes
Morocco Native Extant        
Myanmar Native Extant        
Nepal Native Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
New Zealand Native Extant Yes      
Niger Native Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
North Korea Native Extant Yes      
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) Native Extant        
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant       Yes
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant   Yes    
Philippines Native Extant        
Poland Native Extant     Yes Yes
Portugal Native Extant       Yes
Qatar Native Extant       Yes
Romania Native Extant     Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (European) Native Extant     Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia Native Extant       Yes
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant       Yes
Singapore Native Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant     Yes Yes
Slovenia Native Extant     Yes Yes
South Korea Native Extant        
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant        
Sudan Native Extant   Yes    
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Vagrant Extant        
Sweden Native Extant     Yes Yes
Switzerland Native Extant       Yes
Syria Native Extant       Yes
Taiwan (China) Native Extant        
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant        
Timor-Leste Native Extant   Yes    
Tunisia Native Extant   Yes    
Turkey Native Extant     Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Native Extant Yes      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant       Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant       Yes
USA Vagrant Extant        
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant        
Western Sahara Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak site factsheet
Albania Lake Ohrid site factsheet
Albania Narta Lagoon site factsheet
Australia Lake Sylvester System site factsheet
Azerbaijan Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay site factsheet
Azerbaijan Aggyol National Park site factsheet
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu site factsheet
Azerbaijan Sahil settlement - "Shelf" factory site factsheet
Azerbaijan Sangachal Bay site factsheet
Azerbaijan Shahdidi spit site factsheet
Azerbaijan Yashma Island site factsheet
Bangladesh Aila Beel site factsheet
Bangladesh Hakaluki Haor site factsheet
Bangladesh Tanguar Haor and Panabeel site factsheet
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake site factsheet
China (mainland) Bayanbulak and Kaidu River Valley site factsheet
China (mainland) Cang Shan Er Hai Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Cao Hai Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Dali Nur Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Ulansuhai Nur Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Xijin Reservoir site factsheet
China (mainland) Xilin Gol Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Yellow River Delta Nature Reserve site factsheet
Croatia Lake Vransko site factsheet
Denmark Roskilde Fjord, Selsø and Kattinge Søerne site factsheet
Denmark Smålandsfarvandet [part of] site factsheet
Denmark Sydfynske Ø-hav site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
France Camargue site factsheet
France Lac de Grand-Lieu site factsheet
Greece Amvrakikos gulf site factsheet
Greece Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) site factsheet
Hungary Lake Kis-Balaton site factsheet
India Bhoj wetland site factsheet
India Jaisamand Lake and Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Amirkelayeh lake site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Izeh and Sheikho lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes site factsheet
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak site factsheet
Iraq Haur Al Hammar site factsheet
Iraq Razzaza Lake (Bahr Al Milh) site factsheet
Ireland Lough Corrib site factsheet
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands site factsheet
Italy Grado and Marano lagoon site factsheet
Italy Venice lagoon site factsheet
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes site factsheet
Kazakhstan Irtysh-Karaganda Waterworks 10 site factsheet
Kazakhstan Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Koybagar-Tyuntyugur Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake site factsheet
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Karatal River site factsheet
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System site factsheet
Kazakhstan Zhumay-Mayshukyr Lake System site factsheet
Kyrgyzstan Son-Kul Lake site factsheet
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Ohrid site factsheet
Mongolia Uvs Lake site factsheet
Montenegro Lake Skadar site factsheet
Morocco Merja Zerga site factsheet
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Lake Veersemeer site factsheet
Pakistan Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Hammal Katchery Lake site factsheet
Pakistan Kinjhar (Kalri) Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam) site factsheet
Pakistan Nara canal wetlands (including Soonhari, Sadhori and Sanghriaro lakes) site factsheet
Pakistan Nara Desert Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Rasool Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Pakistan Ucchali Wetland Complex site factsheet
Poland Puck Bay site factsheet
Poland Warta River Mouth site factsheet
Romania Black Sea site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Lunca Siretului Mijlociu site factsheet
Romania Olt valley site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Chanovskaya lake system site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (European) Achikol'skiye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Burukshunskiye limans site factsheet
Russia (European) Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas site factsheet
Russia (European) Kizlyar Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Taman' site factsheet
Spain Ebro delta site factsheet
Spain Gallocanta lake site factsheet
Spain Medina and Puerto Real lagoons site factsheet
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve site factsheet
Tunisia Ichkeul site factsheet
Turkey Bafa Lake site factsheet
Turkey Beyşehir Lake site factsheet
Turkey Burdur Lake site factsheet
Turkey Büyük Menderes Delta site factsheet
Turkey Ceyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Eğirdir Lake site factsheet
Turkey Göksu Delta site factsheet
Turkey Hirfanlı Reservoir site factsheet
Turkey Işıklı Lake site factsheet
Turkey Karakaya Reservoir site factsheet
Turkey Karkamış site factsheet
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta site factsheet
Turkey Kocaçay Delta site factsheet
Turkey Köyceğiz Lake site factsheet
Turkey Marmara Lake site factsheet
Turkey Meriç Delta site factsheet
Turkey Mogan lake site factsheet
Turkey Sapanca Lake site factsheet
Turkey Seyhan Delta site factsheet
Turkey Uluabat Lake site factsheet
Turkmenistan Ekerem - Esenguly site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy site factsheet
Turkmenistan Garshy - Tarta site factsheet
Turkmenistan Mergen site factsheet
Turkmenistan Sarygamysh site factsheet
Turkmenistan Saryyazy site factsheet
Turkmenistan Turkmen Bay site factsheet
Turkmenistan Turkmenbashy Bay site factsheet
Ukraine Dnipro delta site factsheet
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays site factsheet
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir site factsheet
Ukraine Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays site factsheet
Uzbekistan Achinskoe Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Dengizkul Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Karakyr Lakes site factsheet
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs site factsheet
Uzbekistan Tuzkan Lake site factsheet
Uzbekistan Zekry Lake site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Aquaculture Ponds suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Aquaculture Ponds suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Excavations (open) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Excavations (open) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Salt Exploitation Sites suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries marginal non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp marginal non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) marginal non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel marginal non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs marginal non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy marginal non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud marginal non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Fishing & harvesting aquatic resources / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species disturbance, Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / American Mink (Neovison vison) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases / Avian Influenza Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Past Impact
Stresses
Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Industrial & military effluents / Oil spills Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Fulica atra. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/11/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/11/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, Coots)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1758
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 22,300,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species