email a friend
printable version
LC
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 5,290,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7 - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Algeria Native Possibly Extinct       Yes
Angola Native Extant       Yes
Botswana Native Extant       Yes
Burundi Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant       Yes
Eritrea Native Extant       Yes
Ethiopia Native Extant       Yes
France Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Italy Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Kenya Native Extant       Yes
Lesotho Native Extant       Yes
Madagascar Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Native Extant       Yes
Malta Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Morocco Native Extant Yes      
Mozambique Native Extant       Yes
Namibia Native Extant       Yes
Oman Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Portugal Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Rwanda Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
South Africa Native Extant       Yes
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Swaziland Native Extant       Yes
Tanzania Native Extant       Yes
Tunisia Native Extinct Yes      
Uganda Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Introduced Extant       Yes
Zambia Native Extant       Yes
Zimbabwe Native Extant       Yes

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Ethiopia Lake Awassa site factsheet
Ethiopia Lakes Alemaya and Adele site factsheet
Kenya Lake Naivasha site factsheet
Morocco Aguelmane de Sidi Ali Ta'nzoult site factsheet
Morocco Aguelmane n'Tifounassine site factsheet
Morocco Barrage Idriss Premier site factsheet
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba site factsheet
Morocco Dwiyate site factsheet
Morocco Marais Larache site factsheet
Morocco Merja Bargha site factsheet
Morocco Merja Halloufa site factsheet
Morocco Merja Zerga site factsheet
Morocco Parc Naturel d'Ifrane site factsheet
South Africa Barberspan and Leeupan site factsheet
South Africa Botriviervlei and Kleinmond estuary site factsheet
South Africa De Hoop Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Spitskop Dam site factsheet
South Africa Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex site factsheet
Spain Cádiz bay site factsheet
Spain Guadalquivir marshes site factsheet
Spain Lagunas de El Puerto de Santa María site factsheet
Spain Lebrija, Las Cabezas and Espera lagoons site factsheet
Spain Los Tollos lake site factsheet
Spain Medina and Puerto Real lagoons site factsheet
Tanzania Lake Tlawi site factsheet
Tanzania Singida lakes site factsheet
Zambia Sumbu National Park and Tondwa Game Management Area site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Ponds (below 8ha) suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable resident
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable resident
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching / Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Louisiana Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Competition
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Unspecified cyprinid fish (Cyprinidae) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Competition
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases / Avian Botulism (Clostridium botulinum) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of surface water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression / Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Soil erosion, sedimentation Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Domestic & urban waste water / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Industrial & military effluents / Type Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Fulica cristata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/09/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/09/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, Coots)
Species name author Gmelin, 1789
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,290,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change