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Spotted Crake Porzana porzana

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 7,390,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 7,390,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant Yes    
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant      
Botswana Native Extant      
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes    
Burundi Native Extant      
Cameroon Vagrant Extant      
Chad Native Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant      
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant      
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant      
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes
Djibouti Vagrant Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Native Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes
France Native Extant     Yes
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes
Ghana Native Extant      
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant      
Hungary Native Extant      
Iceland Vagrant Extant      
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes
Iraq Native Extant     Yes
Ireland Native Extant Yes    
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes
Jordan Native Extant     Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kenya Native Extant      
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes
Lesotho Native Extant      
Liberia Native Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes    
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malawi Native Extant      
Mali Vagrant Extant      
Malta Native Extant   Yes  
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Mozambique Native Extant      
Myanmar Vagrant Extant      
Namibia Vagrant Extant      
Nepal Vagrant Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant      
Niger Vagrant Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Norway Native Extant Yes    
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Native Extant   Yes  
Qatar Native Extant     Yes
Romania Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Seychelles Vagrant Extant      
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant      
Somalia Vagrant Extant      
South Africa Native Extant      
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes
Spain Native Extant      
St Helena (to UK) Vagrant Extant      
Sudan Native Extant      
Sweden Native Extant Yes    
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tanzania Native Extant      
Thailand Vagrant Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes
Uganda Vagrant Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant      
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes    
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant     Yes
Zambia Native Extant      
Zimbabwe Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte site factsheet
Austria Neusiedler See site factsheet
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen site factsheet
Belarus Balota Zvaniec site factsheet
Belarus Biarezina-Hajna site factsheet
Belarus Dniepr floodplain Lojeŭ-Žary site factsheet
Belarus Mid Prypiac' site factsheet
Belarus Prostyr site factsheet
Bulgaria Bakarlaka site factsheet
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Strandzha site factsheet
Croatia Lower Sava river site factsheet
Czech Republic Bohdanecsky rybnik pond site factsheet
Czech Republic Zehunský rybník pond site factsheet
Estonia Mouth of the Emajõgi river and Piirissaar island site factsheet
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Estonia Võrtsjärv site factsheet
Finland Koijärvi lake site factsheet
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes site factsheet
Finland Oulu region wetlands site factsheet
Finland Outokumpu wetlands site factsheet
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands site factsheet
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake site factsheet
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi site factsheet
France Basses Vallées Angevines site factsheet
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Loire site factsheet
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine site factsheet
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie site factsheet
France Marais arrières littoraux picards site factsheet
France Marais de Brière site factsheet
France Marais de Manteyer site factsheet
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre site factsheet
France Planèze de Saint-Flour site factsheet
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge) site factsheet
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Latvia Dviete flood-plain site factsheet
Latvia Engure lake site factsheet
Latvia Kemeri national park site factsheet
Latvia Lielupe flood-plain meadows site factsheet
Latvia Seda marsh site factsheet
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement site factsheet
Lithuania Birveta Fish-farm including segments of Dysna River and Birveta River valleys site factsheet
Lithuania Birzulius-Stervas marshes complex site factsheet
Lithuania Bogged meadows at Ezerelis exploited peatbog site factsheet
Lithuania Exploited Sulinkiai peatbog site factsheet
Lithuania Flooded meadows arround the Senoji & Naujoji Rusne lakes site factsheet
Lithuania Lake Druksiai site factsheet
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Novaraistis State Ornithological Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Zaltytis site factsheet
Lithuania Zemaitija National Park site factsheet
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Luxembourg Haff Réimech site factsheet
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Alzette site factsheet
Luxembourg Valley of the Syre site factsheet
Netherlands Bargerveen site factsheet
Netherlands De Weerribben site factsheet
Netherlands De Wieden site factsheet
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen site factsheet
Netherlands Oude Venen site factsheet
Poland Bialowieza Forest site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Poland Kampinos forest site factsheet
Poland Lower Bug river valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Notec River Valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Odra river valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Warta River Valley site factsheet
Poland Nida Rivar Valley site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir site factsheet
Poland Solska Forest site factsheet
Poland Swidwie Site site factsheet
Poland Vistula Lagoon site factsheet
Poland Warta River Mouth site factsheet
Romania Câmpia Cermeiului site factsheet
Romania Comana site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Lake Strachina site factsheet
Romania Mândra wetlands site factsheet
Russia (European) Bryn' site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplain of Ural and Kindeli rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Ressetinskiye floods site factsheet
Russia (European) Tishskaya Dal' area site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Zhizdra river site factsheet
Serbia Jegricka site factsheet
Serbia Obedska bara site factsheet
Serbia Zasavica site factsheet
Slovakia Horna Orava site factsheet
Slovakia Poiplie site factsheet
Slovenia Črete site factsheet
Slovenia Lake Cerknica site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes site factsheet
Sweden Lake Hornborgasjön site factsheet
Sweden Lake Limsjön site factsheet
Sweden Western part of lake Mälaren site factsheet
Ukraine Lyman lake site factsheet
Ukraine Mzha river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Oril' river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Sejm river valley (Vyrky village) site factsheet
Ukraine Stokhod river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Turiya river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Udaj river valley site factsheet
United Kingdom Caithness Lochs site factsheet
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley site factsheet
United Kingdom Nene Washes site factsheet
United Kingdom South Uist Machair and Lochs site factsheet
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2420 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of surface water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Porzana porzana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Rallidae (Rails, crakes and allies)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 7,390,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species