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LC
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 7,390,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 7,390,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Stable -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is stable, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Native Extant     Yes  
Albania Native Extant Yes      
Algeria Native Extant        
Armenia Native Extant Yes      
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Bahrain Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant Yes      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant        
Botswana Native Extant        
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes      
Burundi Native Extant        
Cameroon Vagrant Extant        
Chad Native Extant        
China (mainland) Native Extant        
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant        
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant        
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant        
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Djibouti Vagrant Extant        
Egypt Native Extant        
Eritrea Native Extant        
Estonia Native Extant Yes      
Ethiopia Native Extant        
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Finland Native Extant Yes   Yes  
France Native Extant     Yes Yes
Gambia Vagrant Extant        
Georgia Native Extant Yes      
Germany Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Ghana Native Extant        
Greece Native Extant     Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Hungary Native Extant       Yes
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
India Native Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Iraq Native Extant     Yes  
Ireland Native Extant Yes      
Israel Native Extant        
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant        
Kuwait Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Lesotho Native Extant        
Liberia Native Extant        
Libya Native Extant        
Liechtenstein Vagrant Extant        
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant       Yes
Malawi Native Extant        
Mali Vagrant Extant        
Malta Native Extant   Yes    
Mauritania Native Extant        
Moldova Native Extant       Yes
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant        
Mozambique Native Extant        
Myanmar Vagrant Extant        
Namibia Vagrant Extant        
Nepal Vagrant Extant        
Netherlands Native Extant       Yes
Niger Vagrant Extant        
Nigeria Native Extant        
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Pakistan Native Extant        
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant   Yes    
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes      
Saudi Arabia Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Senegal Native Extant        
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant        
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant       Yes
Somalia Vagrant Extant        
South Africa Native Extant        
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Spain Native Extant       Yes
St Helena (to UK) Vagrant Extant        
Sudan Native Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes      
Switzerland Native Extant Yes      
Syria Native Extant     Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant        
Tanzania Native Extant        
Thailand Vagrant Extant        
Tunisia Native Extant        
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes  
Uganda Vagrant Extant        
Ukraine Native Extant       Yes
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes      
Yemen Native Extant     Yes  
Zambia Native Extant        
Zimbabwe Native Extant        

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte site factsheet
Austria Neusiedler See site factsheet
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen site factsheet
Belarus Balota Zvaniec site factsheet
Belarus Biarezina-Hajna site factsheet
Belarus Dniepr floodplain Lojeŭ-Žary site factsheet
Belarus Mid Prypiac' site factsheet
Belarus Prostyr site factsheet
Bulgaria Bakarlaka site factsheet
Bulgaria Pomorie Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Strandzha site factsheet
Croatia Lower Sava river site factsheet
Czech Republic Bohdanecsky rybnik pond site factsheet
Czech Republic Zehunský rybník pond site factsheet
Estonia Mouth of the Emajõgi river and Piirissaar island site factsheet
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Estonia Võrtsjärv site factsheet
Finland Koijärvi lake site factsheet
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes site factsheet
Finland Oulu region wetlands site factsheet
Finland Outokumpu wetlands site factsheet
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands site factsheet
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake site factsheet
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi site factsheet
France Basses Vallées Angevines site factsheet
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Loire site factsheet
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine site factsheet
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie site factsheet
France Marais arrières littoraux picards site factsheet
France Marais de Brière site factsheet
France Marais de Manteyer site factsheet
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre site factsheet
France Planèze de Saint-Flour site factsheet
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge) site factsheet
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye site factsheet
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to site factsheet
Italy Iseo peatlands site factsheet
Latvia Dviete flood-plain site factsheet
Latvia Engure lake site factsheet
Latvia Kemeri national park site factsheet
Latvia Lielupe flood-plain meadows site factsheet
Latvia Seda marsh site factsheet
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement site factsheet
Lithuania Birveta Fish-farm including segments of Dysna River and Birveta River valleys site factsheet
Lithuania Birzulius-Stervas marshes complex site factsheet
Lithuania Bogged meadows at Ezerelis exploited peatbog site factsheet
Lithuania Exploited Sulinkiai peatbog site factsheet
Lithuania Flooded meadows arround the Senoji & Naujoji Rusne lakes site factsheet
Lithuania Lake Druksiai site factsheet
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Novaraistis State Ornithological Reserve site factsheet
Lithuania Zaltytis site factsheet
Lithuania Zemaitija National Park site factsheet
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Luxembourg Haff Réimech site factsheet
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Alzette site factsheet
Luxembourg Valley of the Syre site factsheet
Netherlands Bargerveen site factsheet
Netherlands De Weerribben site factsheet
Netherlands De Wieden site factsheet
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen site factsheet
Netherlands Oude Venen site factsheet
Poland Bialowieza Forest site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Poland Kampinos forest site factsheet
Poland Lower Bug river valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Notec River Valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Odra river valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Warta River Valley site factsheet
Poland Nida Rivar Valley site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir site factsheet
Poland Solska Forest site factsheet
Poland Swidwie Site site factsheet
Poland Vistula Lagoon site factsheet
Poland Warta River Mouth site factsheet
Romania Câmpia Cermeiului site factsheet
Romania Comana site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Lake Strachina site factsheet
Romania Mândra wetlands site factsheet
Russia (European) Bryn' site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplain of Ural and Kindeli rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Ressetinskiye floods site factsheet
Russia (European) Tishskaya Dal' area site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Zhizdra river site factsheet
Slovakia Horna Orava site factsheet
Slovakia Poiplie site factsheet
Slovenia Črete site factsheet
Slovenia Lake Cerknica site factsheet
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes site factsheet
Sweden Lake Hornborgasjön site factsheet
Sweden Lake Limsjön site factsheet
Sweden Western part of lake Mälaren site factsheet
Ukraine Lyman lake site factsheet
Ukraine Mzha river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Oril' river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Sejm river valley (Vyrky village) site factsheet
Ukraine Stokhod river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Turiya river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Udaj river valley site factsheet
United Kingdom Caithness Lochs site factsheet
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley site factsheet
United Kingdom Nene Washes site factsheet
United Kingdom South Uist Machair and Lochs site factsheet
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2420 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of surface water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Porzana porzana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, Coots)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1766)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 7,390,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species