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LC
Little Crake Porzana parva

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type   Average mass 49.7 g

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,450,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,450,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor Estimated 2009
Population trend Decreasing -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulation - - -
Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends (Wetlands International 2006).

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan Vagrant Extant      
Albania Native Extant Yes    
Algeria Native Extant      
Armenia Native Extant Yes    
Austria Native Extant Yes    
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes   Yes
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes
Belarus Native Extant Yes    
Belgium Native Extant      
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes
Cape Verde Vagrant Extant      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes    
Croatia Native Extant Yes    
Cyprus Native Extant      
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes    
Denmark Vagrant Extant      
Egypt Native Extant      
Eritrea Vagrant Extant      
Estonia Native Extant Yes    
Ethiopia Native Extant      
Finland Native Extant Yes    
France Native Extant Yes    
Gambia Vagrant Extant      
Georgia Native Extant Yes    
Germany Native Extant Yes    
Greece Native Extant     Yes
Hungary Native Extant      
India Native Extant      
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes
Iraq Native Extant Yes   Yes
Ireland Vagrant Extant      
Israel Native Extant      
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes
Jordan Native Extant     Yes
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes    
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes    
Latvia Native Extant Yes    
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes
Liberia Vagrant Extant      
Libya Native Extant      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes    
Luxembourg Vagrant Extant      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant      
Malta Native Extant      
Mauritania Native Extant      
Moldova Native Extant      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes    
Morocco Native Extant      
Netherlands Native Extant Yes    
Niger Vagrant Extant      
Nigeria Native Extant      
Norway Vagrant Extant      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes
Pakistan Native Extant      
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes
Poland Native Extant Yes    
Portugal Vagrant Extant      
Qatar Vagrant Extant      
Romania Native Extant Yes    
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes    
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes
Senegal Native Extant      
Serbia Native Extant Yes    
Slovakia Native Extant Yes    
Slovenia Native Extant Yes    
Somalia Vagrant Extant      
Spain Native Extant      
Sudan Native Extant     Yes
Sweden Native Extant Yes    
Switzerland Native Extant Yes    
Syria Native Extant     Yes
Tajikistan Native Extant      
Tunisia Native Extant      
Turkey Native Extant Yes    
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes
Uganda Vagrant Extant      
Ukraine Native Extant     Yes
United Arab Emirates Vagrant Extant     Yes
United Kingdom Vagrant Extant      
Uzbekistan Native Extant Yes    
Yemen Native Extant     Yes
Zambia Native Extant      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Austria Neusiedler See site factsheet
Belarus Arechaŭskaje site factsheet
Belarus Mid Prypiac' site factsheet
Belarus Prostyr site factsheet
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake site factsheet
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex site factsheet
Croatia Lower Sava river site factsheet
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste site factsheet
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie site factsheet
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron site factsheet
Latvia Engure lake site factsheet
Latvia Kemeri national park site factsheet
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds site factsheet
Latvia Pape site factsheet
Latvia Seda marsh site factsheet
Lithuania Birzulius-Stervas marshes complex site factsheet
Lithuania Kauno Marios water reservoir & eastern coastal zone site factsheet
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Zaltytis site factsheet
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Poland Barycz river valley site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Poland Luknajno lake site factsheet
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site site factsheet
Poland Nida Rivar Valley site factsheet
Poland Oswin site site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Por River Valley site factsheet
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir site factsheet
Poland Swidwie Site site factsheet
Poland Tysmienica river valley site factsheet
Poland Upper Narew River Valley site factsheet
Romania Balta Albă-Amara-Jirlău site factsheet
Romania Comana site factsheet
Romania Danube Delta site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăviţa - Rotbav - Măgura Codlei site factsheet
Romania Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) site factsheet
Romania Fizes valley site factsheet
Romania Iazurile de pe Văile Ibănesei - Başeului - Podrigăi site factsheet
Romania Lake Strachina site factsheet
Romania Mândra wetlands site factsheet
Romania Măxineni site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog site factsheet
Serbia Jegricka site factsheet
Serbia Obedska bara site factsheet
Slovakia Medzibodrozie site factsheet
Slovakia Parízske marshes site factsheet
Slovakia Poiplie site factsheet
Slovenia Lake Cerknica site factsheet
Slovenia River Mura site factsheet
Spain Llobregat delta site factsheet
Ukraine Konka river mouth site factsheet
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Stokhod river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Udaj river valley site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Shrub Dominated Wetlands suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants / Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use / Dams (size unknown) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Porzana parva. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Rallidae (Rails, crakes and allies)
Species name author (Scopoli, 1769)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,450,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species