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Corncrake Crex crex

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2012 Least Concern
2010 Least Concern
2008 Near Threatened
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Near Threatened
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type continent
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,980,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 3,980,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium Estimated 2002
Population trend Stable poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 1001-10000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.7 - - -
Population justification: BirdLife International (2004) estimated 1.3-2 million breeding pairs in Europe (including 1-1.5 million pairs in European Russia). This is higher than the 1.1-1.8 million pairs in Europe previously estimated by Schäffer and Mammen (1999). A further 515,000-1,240,000 pairs are estimated for Asiatic Russia, yielding a global total of 1.815-3.24 million pairs and 5.45-9.72 million individuals. Given the high level of uncertainty in some of the breeding estimates and the apparent scarcity of the species in its non-breeding areas in sub-Saharan Africa, the total population may fall at the lower end of this range; even in the low millions.
Trend justification: Ongoing monitoring since 2002 in Russia (which holds the vast majority of the global population) indicates that numbers have remained stable or are even increasing, with some fluctuations due to extreme weather (A. Mischenko in litt. 2010). Whilst it is difficult to accurately predict future trends owing to the species's extensive range and differing climatic and agricultural conditions in different regions, it is thought that populations in key parts of the range in Russia and Kazakhstan are unlikely to change dramatically in the near future. Its conservation status remains unfavourable in some parts of its range (particularly in Europe) however, and in the absence of data-driven population projections land-use changes are precautionarily predicted to drive a future decline of 1-19% in the forthcoming three generation (11 year) period.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Afghanistan Vagrant Extant        
Albania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Algeria Native Extant     Yes  
Angola Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Armenia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Austria Native Extant Yes      
Azerbaijan Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Bahrain Native Extant     Yes  
Belarus Native Extant Yes      
Belgium Native Extant Yes      
Bermuda (to UK) Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Bosnia and Herzegovina Native Extant Yes      
Botswana Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Bulgaria Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Cameroon Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Chad Vagrant Extant   Yes    
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
Congo Native Extant   Yes    
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Native Extant   Yes    
Côte d'Ivoire Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Croatia Native Extant Yes      
Cyprus Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Czech Republic Native Extant Yes      
Denmark Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Egypt Native Extant     Yes  
Eritrea Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Estonia Native Extant Yes      
Ethiopia Native Extant   Yes    
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Native Extinct Yes      
Finland Native Extant Yes      
France Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Gabon Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Georgia Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Germany Native Extant Yes      
Ghana Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Greece Native Extant     Yes  
Greenland (to Denmark) Vagrant Extant        
Guinea Unknown Extant   Yes    
Hungary Native Extant Yes      
Iceland Vagrant Extant        
Iran, Islamic Republic of Native Extant     Yes  
Iraq Native Extant     Yes  
Ireland Native Extant Yes      
Israel Native Extant     Yes  
Italy Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Jordan Native Extant     Yes  
Kazakhstan Native Extant Yes      
Kenya Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Kuwait Native Extant     Yes  
Kyrgyzstan Native Extant Yes      
Latvia Native Extant Yes      
Lebanon Native Extant     Yes  
Lesotho Vagrant Extant        
Libya Vagrant Extant        
Liechtenstein Native Extant Yes      
Lithuania Native Extant Yes      
Luxembourg Native Extant Yes      
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Native Extant Yes      
Malawi Native Extant   Yes    
Mali Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Mauritania Native Extant   Yes    
Moldova Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Mongolia Native Extant Yes      
Montenegro Native Extant Yes      
Morocco Native Extant     Yes  
Mozambique Native Extant   Yes    
Namibia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Netherlands Native Extant Yes      
Niger Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Nigeria Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Norway Native Extant Yes      
Oman Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Palestinian Authority Territories Native Extant     Yes  
Poland Native Extant Yes      
Portugal Native Extant     Yes  
Qatar Native Extant     Yes  
Romania Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Russia (Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (Central Asian) Native Extant Yes      
Russia (European) Native Extant Yes   Yes  
Rwanda Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Saudi Arabia Native Extant     Yes  
Serbia Native Extant Yes      
Seychelles Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Slovakia Native Extant Yes      
Slovenia Native Extant Yes      
Somalia Vagrant Extant   Yes    
South Africa Native Extant   Yes    
South Sudan Native Extant     Yes  
Spain Native Extant       Yes
Sri Lanka Native Extant   Yes    
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) Vagrant Extant     Yes  
Sudan Native Extant   Yes Yes  
Swaziland Native Extant        
Sweden Native Extant Yes      
Switzerland Native Extant Yes      
Syria Native Extant     Yes  
Tajikistan Native Extant Yes      
Tanzania Native Extant   Yes    
Tunisia Native Extant     Yes  
Turkey Native Extant Yes      
Turkmenistan Native Extant     Yes  
Uganda Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Ukraine Native Extant Yes   Yes  
United Arab Emirates Native Extant     Yes  
United Kingdom Native Extant Yes      
Uzbekistan Native Extant     Yes  
Vietnam Vagrant Extant   Yes    
Yemen Native Extant     Yes  
Zambia Native Extant   Yes    
Zimbabwe Native Extant   Yes    

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Armenia Haghartsin site factsheet
Armenia Jermook site factsheet
Armenia Mount Ara site factsheet
Austria Allentsteig military training area site factsheet
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley site factsheet
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte site factsheet
Austria Freiwald site factsheet
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest site factsheet
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria site factsheet
Austria Meadows on the lower Ill site factsheet
Austria Riede in the northern Rhein valley site factsheet
Austria Southern Waldviertel site factsheet
Austria Styrian Enns valley site factsheet
Austria Styrian Joglland site factsheet
Austria Vienna forest site factsheet
Belarus Balota Dzikoje site factsheet
Belarus Balota Zvaniec site factsheet
Belarus Biarezina-Hajna site factsheet
Belarus Mid Prypiac' site factsheet
Belarus Prostyr site factsheet
Belarus Prypiackija baloty site factsheet
Belarus Sož floodplain site factsheet
Belarus Sporaŭskaje balota site factsheet
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty site factsheet
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse site factsheet
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel site factsheet
Belgium Lesse et Lomme site factsheet
Belgium Marche en Famenne site factsheet
Belgium Sinémurienne site factsheet
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bardaca site factsheet
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake site factsheet
Botswana Okavango Delta site factsheet
Bulgaria Apriltsi Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Berkovitsa Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Boboshevo Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Central Balkan site factsheet
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau site factsheet
Bulgaria Dolna Koznitsa Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Dolni Bogrov-Kazichene site factsheet
Bulgaria Kocherinovo Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Meshtitsa Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Noevtsi Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Ovcharovo Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Palakaria site factsheet
Bulgaria Ponor site factsheet
Bulgaria Rayanovtsi site factsheet
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Skrino site factsheet
Bulgaria Straldzha Complex site factsheet
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Velchevo Meadows site factsheet
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain site factsheet
Bulgaria Western Balkan site factsheet
Croatia Lower Sava river site factsheet
Czech Republic Beskydy mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Boletice site factsheet
Czech Republic Doupov hills site factsheet
Czech Republic Jeseniky mountains site factsheet
Czech Republic Kralicky Sneznik site factsheet
Czech Republic Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) site factsheet
Czech Republic Labské pískovce sandstones site factsheet
Czech Republic Libava site factsheet
Czech Republic Orlicke Zahori site factsheet
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest) site factsheet
Denmark Store Vildmose, Ryå and Stavad Enge site factsheet
Egypt Lake Bardawil site factsheet
Egypt Lake Manzala site factsheet
Egypt Zaranik Protected Area site factsheet
Estonia Alam-Pedja site factsheet
Estonia Haanja site factsheet
Estonia Karula site factsheet
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe site factsheet
Estonia Lahemaa site factsheet
Estonia Luitemaa site factsheet
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa site factsheet
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste site factsheet
Estonia Soomaa site factsheet
Estonia Väinameri site factsheet
Estonia Võrtsjärv site factsheet
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands site factsheet
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes site factsheet
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi site factsheet
Finland Värtsilä valley site factsheet
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin site factsheet
France Basse vallée de L'Indre site factsheet
France Basses Vallées Angevines site factsheet
France Bassigny site factsheet
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne site factsheet
France Confluent des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers site factsheet
France Estuaire de la Loire site factsheet
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine site factsheet
France Les Couzes Nord site factsheet
France Val de Saône site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Aisne site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil site factsheet
France Vallée de l'Yèvre site factsheet
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême site factsheet
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge) site factsheet
France Vallée de la Loire : confluence Loire-Vienne site factsheet
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau site factsheet
France Vallée de la Meuse site factsheet
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye site factsheet
France Vallée du Fouzon site factsheet
Georgia Adjara-Imereti Ridge site factsheet
Georgia Bogdasheni Lake site factsheet
Georgia Eastern Caucasus site factsheet
Georgia Iori Region site factsheet
Georgia Kazbegi site factsheet
Georgia Khanchali Lake site factsheet
Georgia Madatapha Lake site factsheet
Georgia Pharavani Lake site factsheet
Georgia Sagamo Lake site factsheet
Georgia Tabatskuri Lake site factsheet
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság site factsheet
Hungary Bodrogzug–Taktaköz site factsheet
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség site factsheet
Hungary Ipoly Valley site factsheet
Hungary Kesznyéten site factsheet
Hungary Nagy-berek of Fonyód site factsheet
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg site factsheet
Hungary Upper Tisza site factsheet
Hungary Zemplén Mountains site factsheet
Ireland Broadhaven, Blacksod and Tullaghan Bays and parts of the Mullet peninsula site factsheet
Ireland Falcarragh to Min an Chladaigh site factsheet
Ireland Fanad Head peninsula site factsheet
Ireland Inishbofin, Inisdooey and Inisbeg site factsheet
Ireland Malin Head site factsheet
Ireland River Shannon callows: Portumna-Athlone site factsheet
Ireland Tory Island site factsheet
Italy Belluno Dolomites site factsheet
Italy Carniche pre-Alps site factsheet
Italy Cividalese and upper Torre valley site factsheet
Italy Mount Grappa site factsheet
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Almaty State Nature Reserve site factsheet
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau site factsheet
Kazakhstan Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range site factsheet
Kenya Masai Mara site factsheet
Kenya Tsavo West National Park site factsheet
Latvia Aiviekste flood-plain site factsheet
Latvia Augsdaugava site factsheet
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains site factsheet
Latvia Burtnieks' meadows site factsheet
Latvia Dubna flood-plain site factsheet
Latvia Durbe lake meadows site factsheet
Latvia Dviete flood-plain site factsheet
Latvia Gauja national park site factsheet
Latvia Kemeri national park site factsheet
Latvia Kuja site factsheet
Latvia Lielupe flood-plain meadows site factsheet
Latvia Liepaja lake site factsheet
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds site factsheet
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine site factsheet
Latvia Rakupe and Pace site factsheet
Latvia Razna site factsheet
Latvia Ruja flood-plain site factsheet
Latvia Seda marsh site factsheet
Latvia Sita and Pededze flood-plain site factsheet
Latvia Sventaja valley site factsheet
Latvia Svete lower reaches site factsheet
Latvia Uzava lowland site factsheet
Latvia Uzava meadows site factsheet
Latvia Vidusburtnieks site factsheet
Latvia Ziemelgauja site factsheet
Liechtenstein Ruggeller Riet, Talgebiet site factsheet
Lithuania Agricultural land near the Kalvarija settlement site factsheet
Lithuania Birveta Fish-farm including segments of Dysna River and Birveta River valleys site factsheet
Lithuania Dubysa River hereinafter Lyduvenai settlement & its valley site factsheet
Lithuania Dysnai & Dysnykstis lake with adjacent territory site factsheet
Lithuania Flooded meadows arround the Senoji & Naujoji Rusne lakes site factsheet
Lithuania Jura & Sesuvis rivers and the lower reaches of Jura River site factsheet
Lithuania Kamanos Strict NR site factsheet
Lithuania Meadows of Nemunas River valley between Raudone & Gelgaudiskis site factsheet
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park site factsheet
Lithuania Segments of the Apse River valley site factsheet
Lithuania Sesuva river site factsheet
Lithuania Svyla River valley site factsheet
Lithuania Tyras site factsheet
Lithuania Valley of Minija River site factsheet
Lithuania Valley of Nemunelis River site factsheet
Lithuania Valley of Nevezis River site factsheet
Lithuania Valley of Sirvinta River site factsheet
Lithuania Valley of Venta River site factsheet
Lithuania Valleys of the Erla & Salantas rivers site factsheet
Lithuania Valleys of the Saltoja & Vyzuona rivers site factsheet
Lithuania Wet meadows of Namunas River valley near Viesvile site factsheet
Lithuania Zemaitija National Park site factsheet
Luxembourg Region of the Middle Lias site factsheet
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Alzette site factsheet
Luxembourg Valley of the Ernze Blanche site factsheet
Netherlands Biesbosch site factsheet
Netherlands Gelderse Poort site factsheet
Netherlands IJssel: IJsselkop-Ketelmeer site factsheet
Netherlands Rijn: Heteren-Amerongen site factsheet
Netherlands Waal: Ewijk-Waardenburg site factsheet
Norway Jæren site factsheet
Poland Augustów forest site factsheet
Poland Barlinek Forest site factsheet
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains site factsheet
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains site factsheet
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains site factsheet
Poland Bialowieza Forest site factsheet
Poland Biebrza river valley site factsheet
Poland Bieszczady Mountains site factsheet
Poland Calowanie Swamp site factsheet
Poland Czarna River Valley site factsheet
Poland Drawa River Site site factsheet
Poland Elblag Height site factsheet
Poland Goleniow Forest site factsheet
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin site factsheet
Poland Insko Site site factsheet
Poland Kampinos forest site factsheet
Poland Knyszyn Forest site factsheet
Poland Kostrzyn River Valley site factsheet
Poland Liwiec river valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Bug river valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Narew River Valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Notec River Valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Odra river valley site factsheet
Poland Lower San River Valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley site factsheet
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Bug river valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Notec River Valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Odra River Valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley site factsheet
Poland Middle Warta River Valley site factsheet
Poland Mircze Site site factsheet
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest site factsheet
Poland Narew river gaps site factsheet
Poland Ner River Valley site factsheet
Poland Nida Rivar Valley site factsheet
Poland Nietlice marshes site factsheet
Poland Notec river flood-plain site factsheet
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys site factsheet
Poland Orawa and Nowy Targ Bogs site factsheet
Poland Parczew forests site factsheet
Poland Pasleka river valley site factsheet
Poland Pilica River Valley site factsheet
Poland Pisz forest site factsheet
Poland Poprad Site site factsheet
Poland Przemysl Plateau site factsheet
Poland Pulwy Marshes site factsheet
Poland Roztocze site factsheet
Poland Sandomierz Forest site factsheet
Poland Sieniawa Forest site factsheet
Poland Skaliskie Forest site factsheet
Poland Slonne Mountains site factsheet
Poland Slowinska Site site factsheet
Poland Slupia River Valley site factsheet
Poland Solokija River Valley site factsheet
Poland Solska Forest site factsheet
Poland Stolowe Mountains site factsheet
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains site factsheet
Poland Szczecin lagoon site factsheet
Poland Trzebiatow Site site factsheet
Poland Tuchola Forest site factsheet
Poland Tysmienica river valley site factsheet
Poland Tyszowce Site site factsheet
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment site factsheet
Poland Upper Labunka River Valley site factsheet
Poland Upper Narew River Valley site factsheet
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley site factsheet
Poland Warmia Site site factsheet
Poland Warta River Mouth site factsheet
Poland Wizna Swamps site factsheet
Poland Wkra and Mlawka Rivers Valleys site factsheet
Poland Wloszczowa Basin site factsheet
Romania Avrig - Scorei - Făgăraş site factsheet
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău site factsheet
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei site factsheet
Romania Baraolt Mountains - Bodoc site factsheet
Romania Bârnova woodland site factsheet
Romania Bogata forest site factsheet
Romania Câmpia Cermeiului site factsheet
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor site factsheet
Romania Câmpia Nirului - Valea lerului site factsheet
Romania Ciuc Depression site factsheet
Romania Comana site factsheet
Romania Confluenţa Jiu - Dunăre site factsheet
Romania Cursul Mijlociu al Someşului site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Nordice ale Munţilor Făgăraş site factsheet
Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului site factsheet
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului site factsheet
Romania Dumbrăviţa - Rotbav - Măgura Codlei site factsheet
Romania Fizes valley site factsheet
Romania Giurgeu Depression site factsheet
Romania Iazurile de pe Văile Ibănesei - Başeului - Podrigăi site factsheet
Romania Lunca Turului Inferior site factsheet
Romania Macedonia forest site factsheet
Romania Mândra wetlands site factsheet
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain site factsheet
Romania Nerei gorge - Beuşniţa site factsheet
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain site factsheet
Romania Piatra Şoimului - Scorţeni - Gârleni site factsheet
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului site factsheet
Romania Râului Negru valley site factsheet
Romania Timiş river flood-plain site factsheet
Romania Trascău Mountains site factsheet
Romania Vânători - Neamţ site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Perovo lake site factsheet
Russia (Asian) Sayanski canyon of the Enisey river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Anuyskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Baturino-Simansky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Berd' river valley site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoye Beloe lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bolchoe Kamyshnoe Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bottomland of rivers Tobol near villages Lebedevka and Bygrovoe site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bottomland the river Tobol between a mouth of the rivers Uja and Ubagan site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Charyshskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Vagilsky Tuman site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ilmensky zapovednik site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kazanskaya flood-plain of river Ishim site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Krasnoschekovskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetski Alatau site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Middle reaches of the Chulym river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Mouth of the river Uj site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Natural reserve Kuznetskij Alatau site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Oleni brooks site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Pelymsky Tuman site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Pershinsko-Manatkinsky area site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Schuch'ye lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskie of a bog 2 site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Sibirskaya anabranch (Irtysh flood-plain) site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) South spurs of Sylvinski range site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Taezhno-Mikhaylovsky site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Tobolo-Kurtamyshskay flood land site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Ubinskoye Lake site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Upper streams of Ob' river site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zaikovo forest site factsheet
Russia (Central Asian) Zonalnay site factsheet
Russia (European) Aiskiye yary site factsheet
Russia (European) Akhmet-Skala ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Bereznyakovski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Bolchoi Tkhach mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Bryansko-Zhizdrinskoye woodland site factsheet
Russia (European) Buninski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Central Forest Biosphere Reserve and adjacent areas site factsheet
Russia (European) Central Meshchera lake system site factsheet
Russia (European) Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas site factsheet
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don site factsheet
Russia (European) Desna flood-plain near Trubchevsk site factsheet
Russia (European) Downstream of Ik river site factsheet
Russia (European) Druzhinnoye lake and its outskirts site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood plain of Lukh river between Myt and Mugreevo-Nikol'skoye villages site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Alatyr' river in vicinity of Ardatov site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Algashka river site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Iput' river in vicinity of Kholevichami site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Khoper river near Lake Il'men' site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Klyaz'ma river from mouth of Teza river up to Mstera site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Lukh river between Lukh and Myt villages site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of rivers Usta and Vaya in Urenski district site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Sura river site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Vad river site factsheet
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Volkhov river site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplain of Moksha river and Common Crane autumn aggegation near villages Khohlikha and Shaprikha site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplain of Oka river in Vachski district of N.Novgorod region and adjacent areas of Vladimir region site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplain of Pjana river near village Sarga site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplain of Rudnya river and surroundings site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplain of Ural and Kindeli rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Floodplains of the Unzha river near Kologriv site factsheet
Russia (European) Forest in the middle of Serezha river site factsheet
Russia (European) Forests and bogs in the lower reaches of Bol'shaya Kaksha river site factsheet
Russia (European) Forests and wetlands in the valley of the Nuzhma river site factsheet
Russia (European) Gunibskoye plateau site factsheet
Russia (European) Homeland of the Crane (Dubna marshes and adjacent areas) site factsheet
Russia (European) Ichalkovski site factsheet
Russia (European) Ichalkovski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Iremel'ski mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Izhevsk flood-plain of Oka river site factsheet
Russia (European) Kaltasinski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kaluzhskiye Zaseki Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Kamsko-Yayvenski wetland site factsheet
Russia (European) Karakulinskaya flood-plain site factsheet
Russia (European) Kargopol' area site factsheet
Russia (European) Khoper Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Khrenovski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kilemarski Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Klyazminski reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Klyazminsko-Balakhninskaya lowland site factsheet
Russia (European) Kologrivski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Krasnokamski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kulikovski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Kumikushski wetland site factsheet
Russia (European) Kundryuchinskiye sands site factsheet
Russia (European) Kurmyshskaya flood-land site factsheet
Russia (European) Lake Il'men and adjoining marshy plain site factsheet
Russia (European) Lake Lacha site factsheet
Russia (European) Manturovo left bank of the Unzha river site factsheet
Russia (European) Marinskaya cuesta of Skalisti ridge site factsheet
Russia (European) Moksha flood-plain in vicinity of Krasnoslobodsk site factsheet
Russia (European) Moksha valley in vicinity of Temnikov site factsheet
Russia (European) Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Zilim river site factsheet
Russia (European) Mouth of Svir river site factsheet
Russia (European) Neman river Delta and the coast of the Curonian (Courish) Bay site factsheet
Russia (European) Nizhnekamskaya flood-plain site factsheet
Russia (European) North part of Volgogradski reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Nothern part of Gor'koe reservoir with spurs site factsheet
Russia (European) Okski Biosphere Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Olonets plain site factsheet
Russia (European) Pereluchski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Pikhtovka fishponds site factsheet
Russia (European) Polesski Forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Polisto-Lovatskaya mire system site factsheet
Russia (European) Prisyun'ski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Racheyski forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Rakovye lakes site factsheet
Russia (European) Ravine of Eshkakon river site factsheet
Russia (European) Redrovski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Samarskaya Luka site factsheet
Russia (European) Semilovskoye forestry site factsheet
Russia (European) Severo-donetskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Shilovo flood-plain of Oka river site factsheet
Russia (European) Shumerlinskaya site factsheet
Russia (European) Siz'menski flood-plain of Sheksna reservoir site factsheet
Russia (European) Smolenskoye Poozer'ye site factsheet
Russia (European) Sochinsky National Park site factsheet
Russia (European) Sokolino-Kasplyanskaya area site factsheet
Russia (European) Solotcha flood-plain of Oka river site factsheet
Russia (European) Sondugski Reserve and its outskirts site factsheet
Russia (European) Sources of Kuma river site factsheet
Russia (European) Sources of Kuna and Shisha rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Sources of Osuga river site factsheet
Russia (European) Sources of the River Luga site factsheet
Russia (European) Spassk flood-plain of Oka river site factsheet
Russia (European) Stakhovski marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Sura environs site factsheet
Russia (European) Sviyago-Kubninskaya forest-steppe site factsheet
Russia (European) Tishskaya Dal' area site factsheet
Russia (European) Tsninski Forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Tul'skiye Zaseki Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Upper Mologa river (Verestovo lake) site factsheet
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley complex of Moksha and Oka rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Sysola river site factsheet
Russia (European) Valley of Zhizdra river site factsheet
Russia (European) Vedeneevsk pine forest site factsheet
Russia (European) Vetluga floodplain in the Nizhni Novgorod region site factsheet
Russia (European) Vicinity of the Vozhe lake and Charonda marshes site factsheet
Russia (European) Voronezhski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Voroninski Nature Reserve site factsheet
Russia (European) Vorono-Khoperski area site factsheet
Russia (European) Watershead of Atsvezh and Yuma rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Watershed between Sura and Barysh rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Watershed of Kazanka and Shoshma rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Watershed of Tsna and Vysha rivers site factsheet
Russia (European) Yamantau mountain site factsheet
Russia (European) Zavidovo Nature Reserve, including Lotoshinski, Klinski and Diatlovo fish-ponds site factsheet
Russia (European) Zavoronezhski area site factsheet
Russia (European) Zhigulevsk Nature Reserve site factsheet
Serbia Sara mountain site factsheet
Serbia Srednje Potamišje site factsheet
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka site factsheet
Slovakia Bukovské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Horna Orava site factsheet
Slovakia Laborecka upland site factsheet
Slovakia Levocské hills site factsheet
Slovakia Slanské hills site factsheet
Slovenia Breginjski Stol site factsheet
Slovenia Dobrava - Jovsi site factsheet
Slovenia Lake Cerknica site factsheet
Slovenia Ljubljansko moor site factsheet
Slovenia Nanoščica river basin site factsheet
Slovenia Planina polje site factsheet
Slovenia Reka valley site factsheet
South Africa Chelmsford Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Franklin Vlei site factsheet
South Africa Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park site factsheet
South Africa Kruger National Park and adjacent areas site factsheet
South Africa KwaZulu-Natal Mistbelt Grasslands site factsheet
South Africa Mkuzi Game Reserve site factsheet
South Africa UKhahlamba Drakensberg Park site factsheet
South Africa Umlalazi Nature Reserve site factsheet
South Africa Umvoti Vlei site factsheet
Sweden Dannemora site factsheet
Sweden Lake Limsjön site factsheet
Sweden Lake Tämnaren site factsheet
Sweden Sjöängen - Svartån site factsheet
Tanzania Ugalla River Game Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Bakhtyn river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Berezhnytsya river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Chervone marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Chonovyny marsh site factsheet
Ukraine Crimean Nature Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Dereluj river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Dniprodzerzhyns'ke reservoir site factsheet
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Gajchur river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Gomol'shans'ka forest site factsheet
Ukraine Izyums'ka Luka forest site factsheet
Ukraine Karachunivs'ke reservoir site factsheet
Ukraine Korostushevskoe Game Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows site factsheet
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest site factsheet
Ukraine Latorytsya river valley near Chop site factsheet
Ukraine Lyman lake site factsheet
Ukraine Male Polissya site factsheet
Ukraine Meadows near Prociv village site factsheet
Ukraine Mikulinetskie fish-ponds site factsheet
Ukraine Mishuryn Rig site factsheet
Ukraine Mzha river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Novograd-Volunskoe Game Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Oril' river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Pischans'ke and Mogryts'ke forests site factsheet
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Psel river valley (Sary village) site factsheet
Ukraine Psel river valley near Komsomol's'k site factsheet
Ukraine Radomyshl's'ke Game Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Samara river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest site factsheet
Ukraine Sejm river valley (Mutyn village) site factsheet
Ukraine Sejm river valley (Vyrky village) site factsheet
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Snake island site factsheet
Ukraine Stokhod river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Styr' river valley (Kolky village) site factsheet
Ukraine Syra Pogonya mire site factsheet
Ukraine Tsybul'kivs'ki lakes site factsheet
Ukraine Turiya river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Ushomyrs'ke Game Reserve site factsheet
Ukraine Uzh river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Velika babka river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Vyshnja river valley site factsheet
Ukraine Yavoriv Military Training Centre site factsheet
Ukraine Zakhidnyj Bug river valley site factsheet
United Kingdom Coll (Corncrake) site factsheet
United Kingdom Eoligarry, Barra site factsheet
United Kingdom Iona site factsheet
United Kingdom Nene Washes site factsheet
United Kingdom North Uist Machair and Islands site factsheet
United Kingdom South Uist Machair and Lochs site factsheet
United Kingdom Stornoway to Back, Lewis site factsheet
United Kingdom Tiree (Corncrake) site factsheet
United Kingdom Tiree and Coll site factsheet
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast site factsheet
United Kingdom West Coast of Benbecula site factsheet
United Kingdom West Coast, Lewis (Corncrake) site factsheet
Uzbekistan Aksay Lake and surrounding desert site factsheet
Zambia Chisamba site factsheet
Zambia Hillwood site factsheet
Zambia Kafue Flats site factsheet
Zambia Kafue National Park site factsheet
Zambia Nkanga River Conservation Area site factsheet
Zambia Nyika National Park (Zambia) site factsheet
Zambia Shiwa Ng'andu site factsheet
Zambia Uningi Pans site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations unset breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded major non-breeding
Grassland Temperate major breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Storms & flooding Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / American Mink (Neovison vison) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases / Domestic Cat (Felis catus) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Transportation & service corridors Roads & railroads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Crex crex. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, Coots)
Species name author (Linnaeus, 1758)
Population size mature individuals
Population trend Stable
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 3,980,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species