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Green Peafowl Pavo muticus

IUCN Red List Criteria

Critically Endangered  
Endangered A2cd+3cd+4cd 
Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd 

IUCN Red List history

Year Category
2013 Endangered
2012 Endangered
2009 Endangered
2008 Vulnerable
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened

Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type continent
shelf island
Average mass -

Distribution

  Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,110,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -

Population & trend

  Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 10000-19999 poor Suspected 2009
Population trend Decreasing poor -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulation 251-1000 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.1 - - -
Population justification: Although rare compared with historic numbers, improved survey methodology and increased effort has led to an increase in the reporting rate and thus the population estimate has been revised upwards to 10,000-19,999 mature individuals, to reflect this improved knowledge. This equates to 15,000-29,999 individuals in total, rounded here to 15,000-30,000 individuals. Nevertheless this remains a coarse estimate and warrants refinement.
Trend justification: Habitat modification and utilisation continue to be intense in South-East Asia; they have almost certainly precipitated declines in this species's population of more than 50% over the past three generations and these are projected to continue.

Country/Territory distribution

Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Breeding Non-breeding Passage Resident
Bangladesh Native Extinct Yes      
Cambodia Native Extant Yes      
China (mainland) Native Extant Yes      
India Native Extinct Yes      
Indonesia Native Extant Yes      
Laos Native Extant Yes      
Malaysia Native Extinct Yes      
Myanmar Native Extant Yes      
Thailand Native Extant Yes      
Vietnam Native Extant Yes      

Important Bird Areas where this species has triggered the IBA criteria

Country/Territory IBA Name IBA link
Cambodia Chhep site factsheet
Cambodia Lomphat site factsheet
Cambodia Mondulkiri - Kratie Lowlands site factsheet
Cambodia O Skach site factsheet
Cambodia Phnom Bokor site factsheet
Cambodia Sekong River site factsheet
Cambodia Snoul / Keo Sema / O Reang site factsheet
Cambodia Upper Srepok Catchment site factsheet
Cambodia Upper Stung Sen Catchment site factsheet
Cambodia Virachey site factsheet
Cambodia Western Siem Pang site factsheet
China (mainland) Ailaoshan site factsheet
China (mainland) Caiyanghe site factsheet
China (mainland) Gaoligongshan site factsheet
China (mainland) Jiangzhongshan site factsheet
China (mainland) Jinggu Banpo site factsheet
China (mainland) Konglonghe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Nabanhe Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Nangunhe site factsheet
China (mainland) Nuozadu Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Qinghua Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Tongbiguan site factsheet
China (mainland) Weiyuanjiang Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Wuliangshan site factsheet
China (mainland) Xishuangbanna site factsheet
China (mainland) Yongde Daxueshan site factsheet
China (mainland) Zhangmuqing Nature Reserve site factsheet
China (mainland) Zixishan Nature Reserve site factsheet
India Ango or Anko Hills site factsheet
India Dhansiri Reserve Forest site factsheet
India Innerline, Katakal and Barak Reserve Forests site factsheet
India Jiri - Makru Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
India Lumding - Marat Longri site factsheet
India Yangoupokpi - Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Indonesia Alas Purwo site factsheet
Indonesia Baluran site factsheet
Indonesia Cikepuh site factsheet
Indonesia Dataran Tinggi Hyang site factsheet
Indonesia Gunung Cikurai site factsheet
Indonesia Gunung Gede-Pangrango site factsheet
Indonesia Gunung Ijen site factsheet
Indonesia Gunung Raung site factsheet
Indonesia Leuweung Sancang site factsheet
Indonesia Meru Betiri site factsheet
Indonesia Pasir Putih-Gunung Besar-Gunung Ringgit site factsheet
Indonesia Teluk Lenggasana-Pulau Sempu site factsheet
Indonesia Ujung Kulon site factsheet
Laos Dong Khanthung site factsheet
Laos Phou Khaokhoay site factsheet
Laos Phou Xiang Thong site factsheet
Laos Xe Kong Plains site factsheet
Myanmar Alaungdaw Kathapa site factsheet
Myanmar Bumphabum site factsheet
Myanmar Htamanthi site factsheet
Myanmar Hukaung Valley site factsheet
Myanmar Indawgyi Wildlife Sanctuary and surroundings site factsheet
Myanmar Kamaing site factsheet
Myanmar Mahamyaing site factsheet
Myanmar Mehon (Doke-hta Wady River) site factsheet
Myanmar North Nawin Dam Catchment Area site factsheet
Myanmar North Zarmayi site factsheet
Myanmar Tanai River site factsheet
Myanmar Upper Mogaung Chaung basin site factsheet
Myanmar Uyu River site factsheet
Thailand Doi Pha Chang site factsheet
Thailand Doi Phu Nang site factsheet
Thailand Huai Kha Khaeng site factsheet
Thailand Mae Jarim National Park site factsheet
Thailand Mae Jarim Wildlife Sanctuary site factsheet
Thailand Mae Yom site factsheet
Thailand Nanthaburi site factsheet
Thailand Sri Nakarin site factsheet
Thailand Sri Nan site factsheet
Thailand Thung Yai - Naresuan site factsheet
Thailand Wiang Lo site factsheet
Vietnam A Yun Pa site factsheet
Vietnam Bach Ma site factsheet
Vietnam Chu M'lanh site factsheet
Vietnam Chu Prong site factsheet
Vietnam Dak Dam site factsheet
Vietnam Ea So site factsheet
Vietnam Nam Cat Tien site factsheet
Vietnam Ya Lop site factsheet
Vietnam Yok Don site factsheet

Habitats & altitude

Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 2100 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact

Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops / Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals / Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 7
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting / Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Decline Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Decline Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Trivial Recent
Sport Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Handicrafts, jewellery, decorations, curios Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent
Wearing apparel, accessories Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Subsistence, National Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Pavo muticus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Endangered
Family Phasianidae (Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse)
Species name author Linnaeus, 1766
Population size 10000-19999 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,110,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Summary information on this species