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White-striped Forest-rail Rallina leucospila

Justification
This very poorly known species is classified as Near Threatened since it its thought to be declining within its small range. However, the population and habitat is not severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. Nevertheless, further information is needed on the extent to which the species is threatened by habitat loss, incidental hunting and introduced predators.

Taxonomic source(s)
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

Distribution and population
Rallina leucospila is endemic to north-west Papua (formerly Irian Jaya), Indonesia, where it is known from the Tamrau, Arfak and Wandammen mountain ranges (Beehler et al. 1986). There are very few recent records but one was seen and others heard in 1994-1995, and it was reported by local guides to be rare and to have a very patchy distribution (D. Gibbs in litt. 1996).

Trend justification
There are no data on population trends; however, the species is suspected to be in decline owing to habitat degradation and hunting.

Ecology
This species is a terrestrial inhabitant of interior montane forest from 1,450 to 1,600 m (Beehler et al. 1986).

Threats
The extensive rainforests within its range remain largely undisturbed, owing to their geographical isolation and the low-density and traditional lifestyle of the human population (Sujatnika et al. 1995). The only likely threats to this species are localised forest loss and incidental kills from dogs on hunting trips (N. Bostock in litt. 1993), but it may be threatened by introduced predatory mammals even in these remote mountains (D. Gibbs in litt. 2000). As a species of montane habitats, it is regarded as potentially threatened by the effects of projected climate change.


Conservation Actions Underway
There are two protected areas within its range, the Wondiwoi/Wandammen Nature Reserve (730 km2) and the Pegunungan Arfak Nature Reserve, (currently 683 km2), and the proposed the Pegunungan Tamrau Nature Reserve (c.4,415 km2) in the Tamrau mountains (Sujatnika et al. 1995). Conservation Actions Proposed
Survey to assess the size of the population. Regularly monitor the population at selected sites across its range. Research its tolerance of logged forest. Protect large areas of unlogged forest in areas where it occurs. Quantify the impact of hunting on populations. Research the effects of introduced and feral species on populations.

References
Beehler, B. M.; Pratt, T. K.; Zimmerman, D. A. 1986. Birds of New Guinea. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Delany, S.; Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Sujatnika; Jepson, P.; Soehartono, T. R.; Crosby, M. J.; Mardiastuti, A. 1995. Conserving Indonesian biodiversity: the Endemic Bird Area approach. BirdLife International Indonesia Programme, Bogor.

Further web sources of information
Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Text account compilers
Mahood, S., O'Brien, A., Taylor, J.

Contributors
Bostock, N., Gibbs, D.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2014) Species factsheet: Rallina leucospila. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2014) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Near Threatened
Family Rallidae (Rails, crakes and allies)
Species name author (Salvadori, 1875)
Population size Unknown mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 5,000 km2
Country endemic? Yes
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species