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Streaky-breasted Flufftail Sarothrura boehmi
BirdLife is updating this factsheet for the 2016 Red List
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This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size may be small, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

Population justification
The population is estimated to number 1,000-10,000 individuals, roughly equating to 670-6,700 mature individuals.

Trend justification
The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 1996).

Behaviour This species is an intra-African migrant (del Hoyo et al. 1996) whose movements are imperfectly known (Taylor and van Perlo 1998). It breeds during the rains in the southern tropics (del Hoyo et al. 1996, Taylor and van Perlo 1998) in solitary, territorial pairs (Taylor and van Perlo 1998) after which it migrates towards the equator during the dry season when much of its breeding habitat dries out and is burnt or grazed (del Hoyo et al. 1996, Taylor and van Perlo 1998). Habitat It is chiefly a grassland species and breeds in temporarily inundated short grassland at the edges of rivers, dambos, marshes, grassy flats and pans (del Hoyo et al. 1996, Taylor and van Perlo 1998). It shows a preference for nesting in seasonally moist to flooded grassland (del Hoyo et al. 1996, Taylor and van Perlo 1998) characterised by grasses such as Setaria anceps, Sporobolus pyramidalis, Eulalia geniculata, Eragrostis spp. and Bothriochloa insculpta (Taylor and van Perlo 1998) between 30 and 70 cm tall (del Hoyo et al. 1996, Taylor and van Perlo 1998) and flooded to maximum depth of 10 cm (del Hoyo et al. 1996, Taylor and van Perlo 1998) or surrounded by pools of shallow water (Taylor and van Perlo 1998). Diet Its diet is poorly known but appears to consist of small seeds (e.g. of grasses) and small insects (del Hoyo et al. 1996). Breeding site The nest is a pad or shallow bowl of grass (del Hoyo et al. 1996) placed in a tuft of sedge or perennial grass (often built in the crown of a burned tuft of Sporobolus pyramidalis, Setaria sphacelata or Aristida spp. when new blades around the perimeter are 20-35 cm tall [Taylor and van Perlo 1998]), usually above wet (though not flooded) ground (del Hoyo et al. 1996). Management information The species may tolerate light grazing of domestic stock on grasslands but does not occur in heavily grazed areas (heavy grazing and trampling by cattle may cause breeding pairs to depart prematurely from otherwise suitable breeding habitats [Taylor and van Perlo 1998]).

The species may be threatened in East and southern Africa by habitat loss as a result of overgrazing and the damming, drainage and cultivation of seasonal wetlands (del Hoyo et al. 1996, Taylor and van Perlo 1998).

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Delany, S.; Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Taylor, B. 1998. Rails: a guide to the rails, crakes, gallinules and coots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Further web sources of information
Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Text account compilers
Ekstrom, J., Butchart, S., Malpas, L.

IUCN Red List evaluators
Butchart, S., Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2016) Species factsheet: Sarothrura boehmi. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2016) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016.

This information is based upon, and updates, the information published in BirdLife International (2000) Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, BirdLife International (2004) Threatened birds of the world 2004 CD-ROM and BirdLife International (2008) Threatened birds of the world 2008 CD-ROM. These sources provide the information for species accounts for the birds on the IUCN Red List.

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife

To contribute to discussions on the evaluation of the IUCN Red List status of Globally Threatened Birds, please visit BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums.

Key facts
Current IUCN Red List category Least Concern
Family Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, Coots)
Species name author Reichenow, 1900
Population size 670-6700 mature individuals
Population trend Decreasing
Distribution size (breeding/resident) 1,730,000 km2
Country endemic? No
Links to further information
- Additional Information on this species
- Projected distributions under climate change